Frederick L. Wellman Papers 1915-1981

Creator
Wellman, Frederick Lovejoy, 1897-
Size
16.5 linear feet
Location

For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Research Center Reference Staff.

Call number
MC 00347

The Frederick L. Wellman Papers contain items relating to Wellman's plant pathology research. The collection includes correspondence, reports, publications, newspaper articles, manuscript materials, and photographs detailing Wellman's work on Fusarium and coffee rust disease (Hemileia vastatrix). Items in this collection date from 1915 to 1981, with the bulk of the materials dating from the 1950s to the early 1970s.

Frederick Lovejoy Wellman (1897-1994) was a plant pathologist most known for his reasearch on coffee rust disease (Hemileia vastatrix). Wellman also studied other plant diseases, chiefly in Latin America.

Biographical/historical note

Frederick Lovejoy Wellman (1897-1994) was a plant pathologist most known for his reasearch on coffee rust disease (Hemileia vastatrix). Born in Angola, Africa, Wellman moved to Kansas as a child. He attended Fairmount College, (now Wichita State University), receiving his A.B. degree in 1920. He then attended the University of Wisconsin in Madison, where he earned his M.A. in 1924 and Ph.D. in 1928.

After graduation, Wellman began work as a plant pathologist for the United Fruit Company in Honduras. Wellman focused on Fusarium oxysporum , a fungus that causes disease in bananas. Wellman also worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA or Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agriacute;colas) in Turrialba, Costa Rica. In addition, he was the head of the Department of Plant Pathology and Botany at the Agricultural Experiment Station at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras. Throughout his career, Wellman traveled around the world studying coffee and preparing for coffee rust's eventual spread to the western hemisphere. By the time he retired, he had spent 24 years in the tropics, one year in Turkey, and one year near the equator.

Upon his retirement from the University of Puerto Rico in 1963, Wellman accepted the position of visiting professor in the plant pathology department at North Carolina State University. The university made him a Professor Emeritus in 1971. During his tenure at North Carolina State University, Wellman wrote three books, Plant Diseases: An Introduction for the Layman (1971, The Natural History Press), Tropical American Plant Disease (1972, The Scarecrow Press, Inc.), and Dictionary of Tropical American Crops and Their Diseases. Wellman also published more than 200 other works, including his 1961 book, Coffee: Botany, Civilization and Utilization (Interscience Publishers).

Wellman was an active leader in the plant pathology community. He founded the Caribbean Division of the American Phytopathological Society (APS), serving as its first president. He also served as councilor of the division and chairman of the APS Committee on International Cooperation. The Caribbean Division of the APS awarded him with the Award of Merit for distinguished service in 1971. In 1974, Wellman became a Fellow of the APS.

In addition to the APS, Wellman was a member of Sigma Xi, Phi Sigma, the Washington Academy of Sciences, and the Puerto Rico Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

In his personal life, Wellman was married to Dora U'Ren Wellman for 72 years. The couple had one son, Frederick Creighton Wellman IV. Wellman died in Raleigh 21 April 1994. His wife predeceased him on 24 December 1990.

Scope/content

The Frederick L. Wellman papers document to Wellman's plant pathology research in Latin America as well as his work as a visiting and emeritus professor at North Carolina State University. This collection contains Wellman's essays, publications, reports, correspondence, newspaper clippings, awards, and photographs detailing his work on the plant diseases Fusarim and coffee rust disease (Hemileia vastatrix). Also included are some materials about Wellman's early research on celery and tomatoes. The photographs depict this research, as well as many views of the Latin American landscape and views of everyday life for a portion of the Latin American population.

Physical description

18 archival storage boxes

Arrangement

This collection is divided into nine series: Publications, Teaching Materials, Research, Awards and Conferences, Memorabilia, Personnel Information, Manuscript Materials, Oversize Materials, and Photographs.

Publications is divided into three subseries: Writings, United Fruit Company Reports, and Collected Works.

Research is also divided into three subseries: Proposals, Coffee Research, and Other Research.

Use of these materials

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Frederick L. Wellman Papers, MC 00347, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Related material

  • North Carolina State University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Dept. of Pathology records, UA 100.025
  • Don Edwin Ellis Papers, MC 161
  • North Carolina State University Audio-Visual Collection, Agriculture Series, UA 024.002
  • Charles J. Nusbaum Papers, MC 345

Source of acquisition

Collection transferred from NCSU Plant Pathology Department, Dec. 2003

Materials originally belonging to Frederick L. Wellman. Transferred from NCSU Plant Pathology Department, 2003 December.

Publications 1915-1981
Size: 2.13 linear feet

This series contains books, articles, and reports written by Wellman and other scientists in his field. Common themes in these publications include Fusarium and coffee rust (Hemileia vastatrix). The series is divided into three sections: Writings, United Fruit Company Reports, and Collected Works.

Writings are arranged chronologically, ranging from 1922 to 1981. Although Wellman is most well known for his coffee research, his early publications include topics such as celery, tomatoes, and timber. His earliest paper in this collection is entitled Hot Water and Mercuric Chloride Treatments on Some Brassica Seeds and their Effect Both on the Germination of the Seeds and the Viability of the Fungus Phoma Lingam. Wellman wrote this paper as a student at the University of Wisconsin. Other early works include a journal article, Relation of Temperature to Spore Germination and Growth of Urocystis cepulae, co-authored by J. C. Walker, and an abstract of Wellman's thesis, Studies Upon the Clubroot of Crucifers. Other works include reprints from the Journal of Agricultural Research, Science, and Phytopathology.

Also included are two reviews of Wellman's works, one of Coffee, Botany, Cultivation, and Utilization, and the other of Tropical American Plant Disease.

When necessary, correspondence is attached to a report in order to put the letter and the report in proper context.

United Fruit Company Reports consist of 14 reports originally kept confidential by the United Fruit Company in Tela, Honduras. These reports are arranged chronologically, and range from 1915 to 1930. The earliest report is a draft of a report about Panama banana disease, written by Professor Prescott. Other reports are written by Horace A. Dean, Wellman, T. J. Grant, and M. M. Manns. The subject of the reports consists mostly of bananas, the United Fruit Company's main crop.

Collected Works are arranged alphabetically. This collection includes works such as Eddie Echandi's Manual de Laboratorio para Fitopatologia General, a collection of the Journal of Coffee Research, and Joseph A. Tosi's Zonas de Vida Natural en el Peru.

4.25 archival boxes

Wellman's Works 1922-1981
Size: 0.75 linear feet

1.5 archival boxes

1922
Box 1, Folder 1
1925
Box 1, Folder 2
1926
Box 1, Folder 3
1927
Box 1, Folder 4
1928
Box 1, Folder 5
1929
Box 1, Folder 6
1930
Box 1, Folder 7
1931
Box 1, Folder 8
1932
Box 1, Folder 9
1933
Box 1, Folder 10
1934
Box 1, Folder 11
1935
Box 1, Folder 12
1937
Box 1, Folder 13
1938
Box 1, Folder 14
1939
Box 1, Folder 15
1940
Box 1, Folder 16
1941
Box 1, Folder 17
1942
Box 1, Folder 18
1943
Box 1, Folder 19
1944
Box 1, Folder 20
1945
Box 1, Folder 21
1946
Box 1, Folder 22
1947
Box 1, Folder 23
1949
Box 1, Folder 24
1950
Box 1, Folder 25
1951
Box 1, Folder 26
1952
Box 1, Folder 27
1953
Box 1, Folder 28
1954
Box 1, Folder 29
1955
Box 2, Folder 1
1956
Box 2, Folder 2
1957
Box 2, Folder 3
1958
Box 2, Folder 4
1960
Box 2, Folder 5
1961
Box 2, Folder 6
1962
Box 2, Folder 7
1964
Box 2, Folder 8
1965
Box 2, Folder 9
1968
Box 2, Folder 10
1969
Box 2, Folder 11
1970
Box 2, Folder 12
1974
Box 2, Folder 13
1977
Box 2, Folder 14
1980
Box 2, Folder 15
1981
Box 2, Folder 16
Undated
Box 2, Folder 17
Reviews
Box 2, Folder 18
United Fruit Company Reports 1915-1930
Size: 0.25 linear feet

0.5 archival boxes

1915
Box 2, Folder 19
1927
Box 2, Folder 20
1929
Box 2, Folder 21
1930
Box 2, Folder 22
Collected Works
Size: 1.13 linear feet

2.25 archival boxes

Aa - Ag
Box 3, Folder 1
Ah - Az
Box 3, Folder 2
B
Box 3, Folder 3
C
Box 3, Folder 4
D
Box 3, Folder 5
Echandi
Box 3, Folder 6
Ellis
Box 3, Folder 7
F
Box 3, Folder 8
G
Box 3, Folder 9
H
Box 3, Folder 10
I
Box 3, Folder 11
J
Box 3, Folder 12
Journal of Coffee Research
Box 3, Folder 13
K
Box 3, Folder 14
L
Box 3, Folder 15
M
Box 3, Folder 16
N
Box 4, Folder 1
Pa - Pg
Box 4, Folder 2
Ph - Pz
Box 4, Folder 3
R
Box 4, Folder 4
Sa - Se
Box 4, Folder 5
Sf - Sn
Box 4, Folder 6
So - Sz
Box 4, Folder 7
Ta - Too
Box 4, Folder 8
Tosi (maps of Peru are located in MC 347 Box 10)
Box 4, Folder 9
Tou - Tz
Box 4, Folder 10
V
Box 4, Folder 11
Wa - We
Box 5, Folder 1
Wf - Wz
Box 5, Folder 2
Y
Box 5, Folder 3
Z
Box 5, Folder 4
Teaching Materials 1957-1976
Size: 0.38 linear feet

Items in this series include lectures, outlines, and drawings used by Wellman for teaching purposes. Included are Wellman's mycology notebook (in Spanish), plant disease lectures given by Wellman in 1962 and minutes of the 18 December 1957 Graduate Council at the Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences in Turrialba, Costa Rica.

Materials from North Carolina State University include a 1964 written examination from Phytopathology II, notes and lectures from the two-year Neotropical Phytopathology seminar series, and 1969 notes from PP 608, History of Plant Pathology.

The final folder in this series deals with public relations. Included are several ideas to make the public more aware of plant pathology, including notes for the television series Not Enough and a series of memos about famine.

0.75 archival boxes

Mycology Notebook (Spanish)
Box 5, Folder 5-16
Plant Disease Lectures
Box 5, Folder 17-19
Graduate Study Council
Box 5, Folder 20
Plant Pathology Department, North Carolina State University
Box 5, Folder 21-22
Public Relations
Box 5, Folder 23
Research 1944-1980
Size: 0.75 linear feet

This series contains information regarding various aspects of Wellman's research. The series is divided into three parts: Proposals, Coffee Research, and Other Research. All materials are arranged chronologically.

Proposals span from 1944 to 1962. Included is correspondence and reports regarding Wellman's research ideas, including a 1946 letter to Dr. Nathaniel E. Winters proposing studies on market diseases in plants in El Salvador. Wellman has drawn an arrow to Winters's name and written Turned it down. Other proposals include book publications, classification of causal organisms and effects in tropical American plant diseases, and Wellman's plans for field service consultant.

Wellman's coffee research mainly revolves around coffee rust disease (Hemileia vastatrix). Included is correspondence regarding the rust. Early coffee rust correspondence portrays tactics to prevent the rust from spreading to the western hemisphere. Later correspondence details the rust's effects after it hit the Latin American coffee crop. Also included are coffee rust reports, including the reports from the World Coffee Mission in 1951 and 1952, copies of the Foreign Agriculture Circular, ponencias de la asamblea, newspaper stories, and coffee rust alerts.

Other research includes drawings, charts, and notes about other topics, mainly Fusarium. Wellman drew many of the sketches on the backs of United States Department of Agriculture letterhead.

1.5 archival boxes

Proposals 1944-1962
Size: 0.05 linear feet

3 folders

Proposals 1944-1956
Box 5, Folder 23
Proposals 1961-1962
Box 5, Folder 24
Proposals Undated
Box 6, Folder 1
Coffee Research 1951-1980
Size: 0.6 linear feet

1.20 archival boxes

Correspondence 1951-1954
Box 6, Folder 2
Correspondence 1970
Box 6, Folder 3
Correspondence 1973
Box 6, Folder 4
Correspondence 1976
Box 6, Folder 5
Correspondence 1977
Box 6, Folder 6
Correspondence 1978
Box 6, Folder 7
Correspondence 1979
Box 6, Folder 8
Correspondence 1980
Box 6, Folder 9
Coffee Rust Reports (General) 1954
Box 6, Folder 10
Coffee Rust Reports (General) 1956-1970
Box 6, Folder 11
Coffee Rust Reports (General) 1975-1977, undated
Box 6, Folder 12
World Coffee Mission Reports 2 August 1952-21 September 1952
Box 6, Folder 13
World Coffee Mission Reports 29 September 1952-1 November 1952
Box 6, Folder 14
World Coffee Mission Reports 3 July 1952-23 November 1952 (all reports combined)
Box 6, Folder 15
Foreign Agriculture Circular 30 June 1952-3 November 1952
Box 6, Folder 16
Foreign Agriculture Circular 7 November 1952-29 May 1953
Box 6, Folder 17
Ponencias de la Asamblea,
Box 6, Folder 18
Newspaper Stories 1956-1971
Box 7, Folder 1
Quarterly Report for Inter-American Institute 1951
Box 7, Folder 2
Notes
Box 7, Folder 3
Annotated Bibliography
Box 7, Folder 4
Coffee Rust Alerts
Box 7, Folder 5
Other Research
Size: 0.04 linear feet

2 folders

Drawings and Charts
Box 7, Folder 6
Notes
Box 7, Folder 7
Awards and Conferences 1953-1972
Size: 0.25 linear feet

This series consists of programs, articles, and correspondence regarding awards and conferences. Items in this series are arranged chronologically.

The earliest item is a 1953 memo from Wellman to Claud L. Horn consisting of a review of the Coffee Round-Table meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica. The latest item is a schedule from the 1980 Symposium on Rust Diseases held in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Here Wellman and North Carolina State University colleague Eddie Echandi spoke about the status of coffee rust in Latin America.

The most abundant information is about the Caribbean Division of the American Phytopathological Society, especially regarding Wellman's 1971 Award of Merit, the 1972 conference in Mexico City, and the division's 1972 honoring of eight scientists for their contributions to tropical plant pathology.

The eight scientists honored by the Caribbean Division of the A.P.S. are Agesilau A. Bitancourt, Alvaro Santos Costa, Don Edwin Ellis, Jose A. B. Nolla, Antonio Lopes Branquinho d'Oliveira, William C. Snyder, John A. Stevenson, and George A. Zentmyer. Wellman asked each man to send a copy of their cirriculum vita, which are included with the correspondence.

0.5 archival boxes

Programs and Articles 1953-1971
Box 7, Folder 8
Programs and Articles 1972-1980
Box 7, Folder 9
Correspondence 1970-1971
Box 7, Folder 10
Correspondence January 1972
Box 7, Folder 11
Correspondence February 1972
Box 7, Folder 12
Correspondence March 1972-April 1972
Box 7, Folder 13
Correspondence May 1972-June 1972
Box 7, Folder 14
Memorabilia
Size: 0.02 linear feet

This series contains items of interest that do not fit in with other items in this collection. Some of these items relate to Wellman's profession, while others are remnants from his personal life. Included are four pamphlets advertising the DuBay products Ceresan and Semesan, a postcard and Christmas card from Portugal, a caricature of Wellman, two bulletins from the University of Denver School of Art, and a historiography of the Wellman family, including the Wellman coat of arms.

1 folder

Memorabilia
Box 7, Folder 15
DuBay pamphlet for Ceresan:"Would You Trade 14 Pennies for Three $1.00 Bills?"
DuBay pamphlet for Ceresan:"Better Grain Yields with New Improved Ceresan"
DuBay pamphlet for Semesan:"More Success with Flowers"
DuBay pamphlet for Semesan:"Treat Seeds with Semesan for Better Luck with Vegetables"
Christmas Postcard from Centro de Incestigacao das Ferrugens do Cafeeiro in Oeiras, Portugal
Caricature of Wellman
Christmas Card from Centro de Investigacao da Ferrugens do Cafeeiro
University of Denver School of Art Announcement 1931-1932
University of Denver School of Art Announcement 1933-1934
Historiography of the Wellman Family
Personnel Information 1918-1969
Size: 0.25 linear feet

This series consists of materials related to Wellman's professional life, although not necessarily research-oriented. The materials range from 1918 to 1969, and are arranged chronologically.

Although some of the correspondence in this series concerns Wellman's research, most of it details Wellman's job prospects and his termination from the Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agriacute;colas due to limited funding. Other information included in this series consists of notifications of pay raises, employment applications, civil service efficiency ratings, appointments from the Regents of the University of Wisconsin, and curriculum vitae and publication lists. Certificates from the Washington Academy of Sciences, the United States Civil Service Commission, and the United States Department of Agriculture are also included.

0.5 archival boxes

Correspondence
Box 8, Folder 1
Personnel Actions 1918-1930
Box 8, Folder 2
Personnel Actions 1931-1960
Box 8, Folder 3
Employment Applications and Miscellaneous Forms
Box 8, Folder 4
U.S. Civil Service Commission Efficiency Ratings
Box 8, Folder 5
Regents of the University of Wisconsin Appointments
Box 8, Folder 6
Curriculum Vitae and Publications Lists
Box 8, Folder 7
Certificates of Recognition
Box 8, Folder 8
Manuscript Materials
Size: 0.25 linear feet

This series includes notes and outlines from Wellman's various manuscript projects. A good portion of the material stems from Wellman's book Tropical American Plant Disease. Also included are illustrations from Plants Have Diseases. Wellman also left citation information about his publications.

0.5 folders

Notes and Outlines
Box 8, Folder 9-11
Tropical American Plant Disease , Outlines
Box 8, Folder 12
Tropical American Plant Disease , Grant Materials
Box 8, Folder 13
Typed Essays
Box 8, Folder 14
Drafts
Box 8, Folder 15
Plants Have Diseases , Illustrations and Captions
Box 8, Folder 16
Illustrations, Source Unknown
Box 8, Folder 17
Citations
Box 8, Folder 18
Oversize Materials
Size: 5 linear feet

9 items

A list of types of diseases from Fusarium encountered in crops in the American tropics (Separated from MC 347 Box 7 Folder 7)
Flat box 9
Some details about sprayers and spraying costs (Separated from MC 347 Box 7 Folder 7)
Flat box 9
Letter from Comissao Executiva do Plano de Recuperacao Economico-Rural de Lavoura Cacaueira (Separated from MC347.6.3)
Flat box 9
Diploma from La Academia de Artes y Ciencias de Puerto Rico (Separated from MC 347 Box 7 Folder 15)
Flat box 9
Comic -"Conozcamos la Roya del Cafeto" (Separated from MC347 347 Box 7 Folder 5)
Flat box 9
Tosi maps of Peru (Separated from MC347.4.9)
Flat folder 10
Photographs
Size: 7.5 linear feet

The photographs in this collection depict research and scenery from the tropics. Boxes 11-13 contain scientific photgraphs, some of which were used in Wellman's books. Box 14 contains United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos from Ecuador, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Many of the photographs have descriptions on the back, describing such scenes as virus disease symptoms and different types of trees. Some of the pictures, however, contain little or no description. Some of the photographs have been converted into postcards, which are located in Box 15. Slides and an advertisement for Sandoz is also located in this box. Box 17 contains photographs that are larger than 8" x 10". Most of these photographs are USDA Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos from El Salvador.

7 photo album boxes, 1 archival box

Scientific photographs
Album 11
Scientific photographs
Album 12
Scientific photgraphs, conferences, photographs from the Instituto Interamericana de Ciencias Agricolas
Album 13
USDA Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos - Ecuador, El Salvador, and Guatemala
Album 14
General photographs, postcards, Sandoz advertisement, slides
Album 15
General photographs
Album 16
Oversize photographs (mostly USDA Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos from El Salvador)
Album 17
Negatives
Album 18

Access to the collection

This collection is open for research; access requires at least 48 hours advance notice.

For more information contact us via mail, phone, or our web form.

Mailing address:
Special Collections Research Center
Box 7111
Raleigh, NC, 27695-7111

Phone: (919) 515-2273

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Frederick L. Wellman Papers, MC 00347, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Use of these materials

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.