The traditional authority on the English language, including information on variant spellings, pronunciation, and word origins.
French, German, Italian, and Spanish to English and vice versa.
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Scholarly encyclopedia with biographical essays about famous (non-living) American individuals. Each entry provides an overview of the life and contributions of the individual, and includes a bibliography with suggestions for further research.
An electronic version of Whoís Who in America combined with other biographical directories from the same publisher. This resource includes many contemporary individuals who are known in their fields, and provides basic data about employment, awards, political affiliation, religion, and contact information.
Provides information on the history of science through articles on the professional lives of scientists. All periods of science from classical antiquity to modern times are represented. Includes both biographical information and lists of primary and secondary resources
Index to many biographical reference sources (mostly in print). If you don’t find the biographical information you need in one of the electronic reference sources listed on this page, this resource will help you do a much more comprehensive search of other sources of information about people.