1860 Census Reports: Decennial Population and Housing Censuses Research Guide


NCSU Libraries Guide to Census Data Resources - Provides links to online and other electronic data sources.
US Census Bureau 1860 Documents as PDFs


Questionnaire, instructions, and table headers
* Instructions to Marshals - from Census Bureau PDF file
* Questionnaire description and Instructions to Marshals - from Measuring America (Sept. 2002)


Population of the United States in 1860
Census Bureau PDF file
U.S. Documents C3.14:860/1 (reclassed from I9.5:1)
* GEOGRAPHIES:   Nation, states and Territories, by Counties
* CONTENTS:   Presents six tables for each state and territory with county figures:
  -   I. Population by Age and Sex
      - Statistics for White, Free Colored, Slave, Indian, Aggregate
      - Age ranges: under 1, 1-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99, 100+
  -   II. Population by Color and Condition
      - White, Free Colored (Black and Mulatto), Slave (Black and Mulatto)
  -   III. Population of Cities and Towns
      - White, Free Colored, Slave
  -   IV. Free Population, Native and Foreign, by Counties
      - US: White, Black, Mulatto; Foreign: White
  -   V. Nativities of the Free Population
  -   VI. Occupations
* Recapitulation (state level) of the Tables of Population, Nativity, and Occupation


Statistics of the United States (including mortality, property, &c.,) in 1860
Census Bureau PDF file
U.S. Documents C3.14:860/4 (reclassed from I9.5:4)
* First half the volume contains Mortality statistics.
* Second half contains Miscellaneous statistics:
      - Banks and Insurance
      - Real and Personal Estate
      - Public Press
      - Railroads of the U.S.
      - Canal and River Improvements
      - Families and Free Population
      - Religious Statistics
      - Educational Statistics
      - Libraries in the U.S.
      - Schools, Colleges, etc.