American Cyanamid Company Technical Bulletins 1945-1977

Creator
American Cyanamid Company. Calco Chemical Division
Size
1.5 linear feet (1 carton)
Call number
MC 00315
Access to materials

Collection is open for research; access requires at least 48 hours advance notice.

New Jersey’s Calco Chemical Company was founded in 1915 at a site close to the town of Bound Brook, almost adjacent to the Raritan River, to manufacture coal-tar intermediates required to make synthetic dyestuffs.

After 1918, Calco also successfully embarked on the manufacture of synthetic dyestuffs by processes that were far more complex than hitherto used in American chemical industry.

After 1945, American Cyanamid’s Calco Chemical Division specialized in vat dyestuffs, fluorescent whitening agents, polyurethane and acrylic polymers, and the invention of herbicides.

In 1993 Cyanamid finished its transformation from a chemical to a drug and agricultural products company.

This collection contains technical bulletins from the Calco Chemcial Division of the American Cyanamid Company and the Courtaulds Limited (Courtelle) company. The dates of the bulletins range in dates from 1945-1977.

Biographical/historical note

New Jersey’s Calco Chemical Company was founded in 1915 at a site close to the town of Bound Brook, almost adjacent to the Raritan River, to manufacture coal-tar intermediates required to make synthetic dyestuffs.

After 1918, Calco also successfully embarked on the manufacture of synthetic dyestuffs by processes that were far more complex than hitherto used in American chemical industry. With the help of technical experts such as Victor L. King, Calco introduced process improvements based on its own innovations. Inventive activity was enhanced from 1927 with the creation of a research department, one of the earliest in the U.S. chemical industry.

In 1929, confronting difficult trading conditions, Calco was acquired by the American Cyanamid Company, and became the dye-making and organic chemicals hub of that corporation. Subsequently Calco diversified into sulfa, or “wonder,” drugs, based on its dye intermediates, and amino resins.

After 1945, American Cyanamid’s Calco Chemical Division specialized in vat dyestuffs, fluorescent whitening agents, polyurethane and acrylic polymers, and the invention of herbicides.

With the 1993 Cyanamid virtually finished its transformation from a chemical to a drug and agricultural products company.

Cyanamid Principal Subsidiaries include: Acufex Microsurgical, Inc.; Cyanamid Inter-American Corp.; Cyanamid International Corp.; Cyanamid Metals Corp.; Cyanamid International Sales Corp.; Cyanamid Overseas Corp.; Davis & Geck, Inc.; Glendale Protective Technologies, Inc.; Jacqueline Cochran, Inc.; Lederle Parenterals, Inc.; Lederle Piperacillin, Inc.; La Prairie, Inc.; Shulton, Inc.; Toiletries, Inc.

The company also lists subsidiaries in the following countries: Australia, Bermuda, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, The Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Venezuela, and West Germany.

Scope/content

This collection contains technical bulletins from the Calco Chemcial Division of the American Cyanamid Company and the Courtaulds Limited (Courtelle) company. The dates of the bulletins range in dates from 1945 to 1977.

Arrangement

This collection has not yet undergone full archival processing. Materials are arranged in the order received.

Use of these materials

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which North Carolina State University assumes no responsibility.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], American Cyanamid Company Technical Bulletins, MC 00315, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Source of acquisition

Transferred from the Burlington Textiles Library, 2010 (Accession no. 2010-0097).

Processing information

Processed by Judy Allen Dodson, 2010 July Finding aid created by Judy Allen Dodson, 2010 July

Calco Technical Bulletins (Calco Chemical Division)
Carton 1
Courtaulds Limited (Textiles) Courtelle Technical Bulletins
Carton 1
Calco Technical Bulletin 102: The Sons of Aniline by Dr. August Merz 1937
Box 1, Folder 1
Calco Scientific Bulletin No. 151: Metallized Azo Dyes by Dr. M. L. Crossley 1938
Box 1, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 545: Microscopic Observations of Wool Dying by H. E. Millson, G. L. Royer and M. E. Wissemann 1939
Box 1, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 545-A: Microscopic Observations of Wool Dyeing--Part II by H. E. Millson and G. L. Royer 1939?
Box 1, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 546: Machinery Used In the Application of Dyes to Cellulose Fibers by Ormond W. Clark 1939
Box 1, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 550: Vat Dyeing By The Calcoloid Pigment Method 1945
Box 1, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No.549: Calconese Colors for Textiles by Louis I. Fidell 1945
Box 1, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No.552: Calco Dyestuffs Recommended for Creaseproofing With Aerotex Cream No. 450 by William R. Howes 1945
Box 1, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No.558: Aerotex Cream No.450 1945
Box 1, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 570: The Dyeing of Fast Colors On Spun Rayon Fabrics by Ormond W. Clark 1945
Box 1, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 571: The Phenomenon of Fluorescence by Henry E. Millson 1945
Box 1, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 573 by William H. Peacock 1945
Box 1, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 573 by William H. Peacock 1945
Box 1, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 575: Practical Application to Cotton of Calcoloid Blue BLD, Double Powder by Ormond W. Clark 1945
Box 1, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 583: U.S Army Olive Drab Uniform Cloths of Wool 1945
Box 1, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 590: Aerotex No. 301 1945
Box 1, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 593: U.S Marine Corps Uniform Cloths of Wool 1945
Box 1, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 594: C.C.C. Spruce Green Uniform Cloths of Wool 1945
Box 1, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No.602: Performance Characteristics of Dye Jigs 1940
Box 1, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 606: Calcozine Black AFG 1945?
Box 1, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 607: The Application Properties of Calco Oil Blue NA by William H. Peacock 1945?
Box 1, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 613: Dyeing Formula for U.S. Government No. 1 Lining 1945?
Box 1, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 614: Combined Processing and Dyeing O.D. Shade for Sand Bags 1945?
Box 1, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No.616: Black-out Preparations in the United States by Henry E. Millson 1941
Box 1, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 618: Blackout Draperies and Curtains by Henry E. Millson 1945?
Box 1, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 624 Federal Specification DDD-T-86, August 26, 1936: Dyeing of Cotton Tape Olive Drab with Direct Colors for Mosquito Bar Taping 1936-1942
Box 1, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 629: Beta Naphthol As A Mold Preventive In The Tannery 1945?
Box 1, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 631: The Present Availability of Coloring Materials for Plastics by William H. Peacock 1945?
Box 1, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No.632: Dyed Cotton Textile Items for War Use by Ormond W. Clark 1945?
Box 1, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 640: United States Army Specification No. 6-18C: Dyeing of Olive Drab No.3 Cotton Silesia Lining Cloth 1941-1942
Box 1, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 641 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification No. P.Q.D. 33-A: Dyeing of Olive Drab No. 3 Cotton Uniform Twill, Type III or IV, for Overcoat Lining 1941-1942
Box 1, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 643 Federal Specification JJ-S-566a: Dyeing of Cotton Socks Olive Drab with Direct Colors 1938-1942
Box 1, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 645: Dyeing of U.S. Army Olive Drab Wool for Uniform Cloth 1927
Box 1, Folder 7
Supplement No. 1 Calco Technical Bulletin No.646 United States Army Specification No. 6-185C: Dyeing of Cotton Rawstock and Cotton Yarn for Webbing with vat Dyes Olive Drab No. 7 1945?
Box 1, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 646 United States Army Specification No. 6-185C: Dyeing of Olive Drab No. 3 and No. 22 Shades with Sulphur and Vat Dyes on Cotton Yarn for Webbing 1941
Box 1, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 647: Man-Made Textile fibers 1945?
Box 1, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 648: The Priorities System as Related to the Chemical Industry 1941
Box 1, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 650 Federal Specification V-T-276b: Military Shades on Cotton Thread Vat Dyed on Packages by the Pigment Method 1937
Box 1, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 650 Federal Specification V-T-276b: Military Shades on Cotton Thread Vat Dyed on Packages by the Pigment Method 1937-1942
Box 1, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 651 U.S Army Specification No. 14-6: The Dyeing of Tan Cotton Canvas Padding Grade 6. 1942
Box 1, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 654: Microscopical Observations of Union Dyeing by H.E Millson and G. L. Royer 1945?
Box 1, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No.666: Dyeing of O.D. Denim for Barrack Bags 1945?
Box 1, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 667: The Processing of ARALAC And Other Protein Base Fibers by Henry E. Millson 1945?
Box 1, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 668: The Formulation and Uses of Stains by William H. Peacock 1945?
Box 2, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 672: Evaluation of Dye Intensity by F.O. Sundstrom 1942
Box 2, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 673: Calender Coloring by F.O. Sundstrom 1943
Box 2, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No.674: Dyeing of Sulphon Cyanine Blues by Henry E. Millson 1945?
Box 2, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 676: Nylon by Louis I. Fidell 1945?
Box 2, Folder 1
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 678: Leather Colors for Army and Navy and for Civilian Use under W.P.B. Conservation Order M-217 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 679 U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specifications PQD No.250A, PQD No. 251B, PQD No. 253A: Dyeing of War Aid Olive Drab Worsted Knitting Yarn 1942
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 681: Piece Dyeing With Sulfur And Vat Dyes of Cotton Twills, Drills, Jeans, and Cabardines Used for Work Clothing 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 682 Quartermaster Corps. Specification PQD No. 82- No. 669-43 Philiadelphia Neg. 190-43: Dyeing and Finishing of Mosquito Netting 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 683 U.S Army Specification No. T-1669 and Amendment No. 1: The Coloring of Camouflage Shrimp Nets 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 685: Olive Drab No. 9 Package Dyeing of Mercerized Yarn for Knitted Underwear 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No.688 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P.Q.D. No. 71D Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P.Q.D. No. 208 A: The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics For Raincoats - O.D. No. 10 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 689: Dyeing of Toweling (Turkish or Terry) Olive Drab No. 3 1945?
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 691 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P.Q.D. No. 305: Dyeing of 14 Oz. Wool Covert O.D. No. 37 1942
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 692 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification J. Q. D. No. 55B: Dyeing of 7.9 oz. Cotton Duck Olive Drab No. 3 Olive Drab No. 7 1942
Box 2, Folder 2
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 693 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P. Q. D. No. 344: Knitted Underwear Fabric Vat Dyed O.D. No. 9 On the Reel Machine 1945?
Box 2, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 694: A Microscopical Study of Dyed Wool by G.L. Royer and Charles Maresh 1943
Box 2, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 694: A Microscopical Study of Dyed Wool by G. L. Royer and Charles Maresh 1943
Box 2, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 695: Typical Shades and Patterns for the French North African Trade 1945?
Box 2, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 698 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P. Q. D. No. 270A: O.D. No. 9 Vat Dyed on Cotton Cloth for Underwear and Handkerchiefs 1945?
Box 2, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No.699: General Survey of Leather Dyeing 1945?
Box 2, Folder 3
Calco Technical Bulletin No.693 Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P.Q.D. No. 344: Knitted Underwear Fabric Vat Dyed O.D. No. 9 On The Reel Machine 1945?
Box 2, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No.694: A Microscopical Study of Dyed Wool by G.L Royer and Charles Maresh 1943
Box 2, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No.694: A Microscopical Study of Dyed Wool by G.L Royer and Charles Maresh 1943
Box 2, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 695: Typical Shades and Patterns for the French North African Trade 1945?
Box 2, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 698: Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P.Q.D. No. 270A: O.D. No. 9 Vat Dyed on Cotton Cloth for Underwear and Handkerchiefs 1945?
Box 2, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No.699: General Survey of Leather Dyeing 1945?
Box 2, Folder 4
Calco Technical Bulletin No.700: Microscopical Observations of Wool Dyeing Part III - Physical Factors Affecting Color Value by G.L Royer, H.E. Millson, and E.I. Stearns 1943
Box 2, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 700: Microscopical Observations of Wool Dyeing Part III - Physical Factors Affecting Color Value by G.L. Royer, H.E. Millson, and E.I. Stearns 1943
Box 2, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 704: Quartermaster Corps Tentative Specification P.Q.D. No. 245 C: Dyeing of 9 ounce Wind Resistant Cotton Sateen Olive Drab No. 7 1945?
Box 2, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 707: Coloring Materials for Plastics by William H. Peacock and R.H. Kienle 1945?
Box 2, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 708: Preliminary Microscopical Study of Leather Coloring by T.E. Nestler and G.L. Royer 1943
Box 2, Folder 5
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 715: The Application Properties of The Certified "Coal Tar" Colors by William H. Peacock 1944
Box 2, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 751: Some Textile Finishing Machines A Description of Modern English Equipment by K.S Laurie, M.A. A.M.I Mech. E. John Dalglish & Sons 1943
Box 2, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 753: The Phosphorescence of Textile Fibers and Other Substances by Henry E. Millson 1945?
Box 2, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 755: Fluorescent Dyes in Coatings and Plastics by Henry E. Millson and Clifton C. Candee 1945?
Box 2, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 754: Identification of Organic Pigments by Spectophotometric Curve Shape by R. Abbot and E.I. Stearns 1945?
Box 2, Folder 6
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 756: Spectrophotometry and the Colorist by E.I. Stearns 1944
Box 2, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 757: Microscopical Observations of wool Dyeing Part IV- Quantitative Study pf Effect of Time and Temperature by Willard H. Watkins, George L. Royer, and Henry E. Millson 1944
Box 2, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 757: Microscopical Observations of Wool Dyeing Part IV - Quantitative Study of Effect of Time and Temperature by Willard H. Watkins, George L. Royer, and Henry E. Millson 1944
Box 2, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 758: Spectrophotometric Prediction of Color of Wool Blends by F. Noechel and E.I Stearns 1944
Box 2, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 759: Infra-red Reflectance in Textiles by E.I Stearns 1944
Box 2, Folder 7
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 760: Package Dyeing with Vat Colors by O.W. Clark 1945?
Box 2, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 760: Package Dyeing with Vat Colors by O.W. Clark 1945?
Box 2, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 761: Descriptive Index of Calco Technical Bulletins 1937-1945
Box 2, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 761: Descriptive Index of Calco Technical Bulletins 1938-1945
Box 2, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletins No. 761: Descriptive Index of Calco Technical Bulletins 1941-1944
Box 2, Folder 8
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 762: Wool Dyeing: Effect of Variations in Wool by R.H. Kienle, G.L. Royer and H.R. McCleary 1944
Box 2, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 762: Wool Dyeing: Effect of Variations in Wool by R.H. Kienle, G.L. Royer and H.R. McCleary 1944
Box 2, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No.763: Leather Dyeing Studies by T.E. Nestler and G.L. Royer 1945?
Box 2, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 765: Calcomet Dyes For Wool 1945?
Box 2, Folder 9
Calco Technical Bulletin No. 766: Wool Shrinkage Control with Lanaset 1945?
Box 2, Folder 9

Access to the collection

Collection is open for research; access requires at least 48 hours advance notice.

For more information contact us via mail, phone, or our web form.

Mailing address:
Special Collections Research Center
Box 7111
Raleigh, NC, 27695-7111

Phone: (919) 515-2273

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], American Cyanamid Company Technical Bulletins, MC 00315, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Use of these materials

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which North Carolina State University assumes no responsibility.