History of Forestry
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NCSU Libraries

North Carolina State University:
NCSU Libraries Special Collections Research Center

Manuscript Collection MC 35: The Carl Alwin Schenck Collection, 1865 - 1959

Diaries, correspondence, field notes, articles, student records, photographs, and other materials documenting the professional and personal activities of Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck (1868-1955), founder of the first forestry school in the United States, the Biltmore Forest School in North Carolina. The online finding aid links to digitized content, including images of estate publications and information (box MC35.56), technical reports (boxes MC35.56-57), budgets (box MC35.57), biographies (MC35.66-68), and photographs (boxes MC35.73 and MC35.87).

University Archives Collection UA 140.4: The North Carolina Forestry Foundation Sub-Group, 1869-2000 ("The Hofmann Forest Collection")

Correspondence, administrative/legal files, logging records and photographs documenting the successful efforts of the North Carolina Forestry Foundation to acquire forestlands for demonstration, teaching, and research while operating the forest on a profitable basis. Includes writings by N.C.F.F. founder Dr. Julius V. Hofmann (1882-1965). The online finding aid links to extensive digitized content.

Rare Book: The American Woods, Volumes I-XIV, by Romeyn B. Hough

Radial, tangential, and cross-sections of 350 North American woods from the fourteen-volume rare book The American Woods: exhibited by actual specimens and with copious explanatory text, published 1888-1910 by the author, Romeyn Beck Hough. The images can be accessed by volume number or by the scientific or common name of each tree.

Forest History Society

The Forest History Society Library and Archives

Biltmore Forest School Images, ca. 1890s - ca. 1988

Collection of 22 black-and-white and color images of the Biltmore Forest School, the first forestry school in the United States (1898-1913), and of the Cradle of Forestry in America historic site, which commemorates the history of the Biltmore Forest School and the origins of forest conservation in North Carolina.

Jonathan Keith Esser Collection, 1899 - 1920

Letters written by and photographs taken or collected by Jonathan Keith Esser (1893 - 1963), a Pennsylvania forester and coal industry worker who graduated from the Biltmore Forest School in 1911. The materials primarily document Esser's training while a forestry student, but also e.g. his work during 1912 while a member of a U.S. Forest Service reconnaissance team in the southern Appalachian Mountains region.

Early Forestry Education in North Carolina Oral History Interview Collection, 1959

Interviews conducted in 1959 with four foresters -- Inman Fowler "Cap" Eldredge, Clarence F. Korstian, Reuben B. Robertson, and George H. Wirt -- who reminisce about their experiences at the Biltmore Forest School and their careers.

Images from "The Dawn of Private Forestry in America, Recollections of a Forester Covering the Years 1895 to 1914," a Manuscript by Carl Alwin Schenck, 1954? -

Includes 186 black-and-white photographic images dating from the 1890s to the 1910s that supplemented the written memoirs of Carl Alwin Schenck (1868-1955), who managed the Biltmore Estate woodlands and founded the forest school there.

Forestry Lectures of Carl Alwin Schenck, 1904 - 1909

Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck's lectures on the topics of forest policy and forest protection, published in 1904 and 1909. Schenck gave these lectures to students attending the Biltmore Forest School, and decided to publish them because few relevant forestry education textbooks existed in the United States at that time.

The Biltmore Forestry Fair Collection, 1908 - 1909

Collection of seven articles published in American Lumberman magazine from September 1908 to January 1909 reporting on the Forest Festival held November 26-29, 1908 at the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina. The event spotlighted scientific forestry techniques for guests including industry representatives, foresters, and others.

Biltmore Forest School Alumni Reunion, 1950

A single item: Flowers for the Living, a 31-page booklet published by The Biltmore Reunion Committee to commemorate a reunion of alumni of the Biltmore Forest School held from May 28-31, 1950 at the George Vanderbilt Hotel in Asheville, North Carolina. Former teachers and students attended the reunion, where they reminisced about their experiences at the school and about the school's founder and director, Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck.

The Cornell Forestry School Field Trips Photograph Collection, 1928 - 1934

A collection of 174 black-and-white photographs taken or collected by American forester Arthur Bernard Recknagel (1883 - 1962) while he was a professor of forestry at Cornell University in New York. The images document field trips taken by Cornell University forestry students to South Carolina during the years 1928 to 1934.

The Alfred Cunningham Papers, 1910, 1931 - 1937, n.d.

Papers generated and collected by Alfred "Charlie" Cunningham, an American printer who attended the Biltmore Forest School in 1910. Includes e.g. correspondence from Cunningham to his sister while he was on a field trip to Europe in 1910 and 1930s letters from former Biltmore Forest School director Carl Alwin Schenck.

The Urania Lumber Company Photograph Collection, 1938 - 1939

Consists of 66 black-and-white photographs documenting the company's logging operations, sawmill facilities, and cooperative forestry work with the U.S. Forest Service's Southern Forest Experiment Station and with the Yale University School of Forestry in Urania, Louisiana. Urania Lumber was one of the earliest lumber enterprises to implement reforestation and sustained-yield forestry measures.

The Development of Forestry in the Southern United States Oral History Interview Collection, 1958 - 1976

Interviews with foresters working for federal or state government agencies; loggers and land managers employed by private companies; lumbermen; a turpentine factor; a forest industry journalist; and paper industry executives. The seventeen interviews collectively provide insight into early efforts to implement scientific forestry practices and conservation measures in the southern United States.

Theodore S. Woolsey, Jr., Auxiliary Photograph Collection, ca. 1900s-1910s

Collection of 230 photographs either generated or collected by American forester Theodore Salisbury Woolsey, Jr. (1879-1933), most likely during the first two decades of the twentieth century when he was a student enrolled in Yale University's forestry school or when he was working as a forester for the United States Forest Service. Some of the images may have been taken during Yale Forestry School field trips; others appear related to Woolsey's work while a U.S. Forest Service employee or to his research studies of forestry practices in Algeria or regions of Europe. The images include depictions of: the impacts of fires, weather events, and timber harvesting on forest health; different tree species comprising forest cover in various geographic locales; forest conditions in arid, subtropical, and temperate regions; and lumbering, pullboat logging, and sawmilling activities.


The University of North Carolina at Asheville:
Ramsey Library Special Collections and University Archives

U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station Collection, 1897-1952

Collection of 3,249 photographic prints documenting the work of the U.S. Forest Service Southeastern Forest Experiment Station in Asheville, NC. The photographs were taken by 58 different photographers, including the Biltmore Estate foresters Gifford Pinchot and Carl Alwin Schenck. Subject areas include the effects of timbering, grazing, erosion, and pollution on an area; forest growth patterns; forestry history, methods, and equipment; and historical data on land use.

The Biltmore Estate

The Biltmore Company:
Museum Services Department, Archives Division

Biltmore Estate Forest Department Manager's Records, 1895-1909

Mainly made up of correspondence to Forest Manager Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck from his colleagues around the country, Biltmore Estate managers, Biltmore Forest School students, vendors, lumber merchants, and landowners communicating about the sale of tracts adjoining or within the boundaries of George Vanderbilt's lands. The collection also includes e.g. reports, a ledger book, and the Biltmore Forest School newsletter and bulletin, Biltmore Doings.

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