United States
  • The first tomato club for white girls, modeled on the boys corn clubs, was established in Aiken County, South Carolina.
  • Ella Agnew of Virginia and Marie Cromer of South Carolina became the first two white Home Demonstration agents.
  • The four-leaf clover design was developed, though not widely used. Eventually becoming the symbol for 4-H, it has stood for heart, head, hands, and health.
  • Three additional white Home Demonstration agents were hired in the five states that would create Home Demonstration programs. They were Susie V. Powell of Mississippi, Virginia Pearl Moore of Tennessee, and Jane S. McKimmon of North Carolina.
  • Congress passed the Smith-Lever Act. This legislation established a partnership between land-grant universities and the United States Department of Agriculture for conducting agricultural extension work in the states. It specifically included work with boys clubs and Home Demonstration.
  • Club members increased food production and conservation to help the war effort during World War I.
  • Nationwide club membership grew to 500,000 because of war needs.
  • Home Demonstration agents and clubwomen were organized to nurse influenza patients during the Spanish Flu Pandemic.
North Carolina
ca. 1910
4-H club members standing together grouped in clubs: Tomato Club, Bee Club, Pig Club, and Corn Club
  • Poultry and pig clubs joined the corn clubs for boys.
  • More than 4,000 white boys and a few girls joined agricultural clubs in North Carolina.
  • Neil Alexander Bailey was hired as the first African-American extension agent in North Carolina.
Quebec Canning Club
  • The first tomato canning and gardening clubs for white girls were developed in Jamestown and Pleasant Garden.
  • Tomatoes canned by Home Demonstration club girls were exhibited at the North Carolina State Fair and judged by Jane S. McKimmon.
  • Jane S. McKimmon was hired to oversee the North Carolina tomato clubs through the Home Demonstration division. Her position was originally funded by the General Education Board.
  • White corn club members from Granville County spent a week at North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. This became the forerunner of the state Short Course, which eventually became 4-H State Club Week and North Carolina 4-H Congress.
  • The college assumed administration of Home Demonstration clubs and boys agricultural clubs in North Carolina from the United States Department of Agriculture.
  • After attending their daughters' tomato canning club meetings, white women began to form their own Home Demonstration clubs.
  • The 4-H clover logo was adopted for labels used on tomato club cans. Soon after it began to appear on caps, aprons, and boys agricultural club products.
Herman Peebles of Wake County, a state prize winner, standing in a corn field
  • The first agricultural clubs for African-American boys began in Sampson County under the leadership of G. W. Herring.
4-H club members exercising at North Carolina State 4-H Short Course at North Carolina State College Club members attending the 4-H Boys' Short Course at State College in 1917
  • Membership grew to 3,500 for boys clubs and just under 3,000 for girls clubs.
  • John D. Wray was hired as the first statewide agent for the African-American boys agricultural clubs.
  • The first statewide Short Course for the white agricultural clubs was held at North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Attendees include 222 boys and 1 girl.
Agents in training to can tomatoes and green beans
  • Home Demonstration divided the clubs for girls from those for women.
  • Home Demonstration organized annual summer Short Courses so that white demonstration agents could refresh their skills.
  • The first automobiles were purchased for use by white Home Demonstration agents as they traveled around the state.
Three members of the Pleasant Hill 4-H Club in Craven County, North Carolina, performing a demonstration on canning as part of a 4-H food preservation program
  • Jane S. McKimmon was selected by the North Carolina governor to help direct the food conservation program in the state during World War I.
  • Home Demonstration began its program for African American women.
  • Forty-one African American women were hired as emergency home demonstration agents. They assisted the white county agents during the canning season as part of the program to address food needs resulting from World War I. One of these women was Dazelle Foster (later Dazelle Foster Lowe), who later headed the Home Demonstration program for African American women.
4-H club members attending North Carolina State 4-H Short Course at North Carolina State College Richmond County 4-H Club members swimming at 4-H Camp at White Lake, August 1926
  • The Home Demonstration Short Course for white girls was first held at the North Carolina College for Women (later the University of North Carolina at Greensboro). It was conducted by Jane S. McKimmon. The Short Course was held at Peace College in Raleigh from 1920-1924.
  • The first county 4-H camp was started in Warren County.
Timeline based on sources listed in annotated bibliography.
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