See original letters from Malcolm X and Frederick Douglass


Master of Arts in Liberal Studies candidate Carl Wilkins presents a curator’s talk and a pop-up exhibition of historical letters that bring key moments in African-American history to life in “In the Writing: Personal Letters of African-American Leaders from the Mark E. Mitchell Collection.” The event takes place in the Teaching and Visualization Lab at the James B. Hunt Jr. Library on Monday, April 24, from 3-9 p.m.

Wilkins will show original letters from the renowned Mitchell Collection, including Malcolm X writing to Alex Haley, Frederick Douglass writing to Senator Blanche Kelso Bruce, and George Washington Carver writing to Henry Ford. He will talk about the collection and his curation process at 5:00 p.m.

Based in Florida, the Mark E. Mitchell Collection of African American History comprises over 4,000 original historic manuscripts, documents, newspapers, books, photographs and artifacts, dating from the early 1600s through the present. Wilkins has curated a selection of letters to display, including Malcolm X writing to Alex Haley and George Washington Carver writing to Henry Ford.

Wilkins has worked with Mitchell to create more opportunities for the public to discover the collection. In January, at the African American Cultural Celebration outside the North Carolina Museum of History, they showed items such as first editions of a Phyllis Wheatley book and Solomon Northrup’s Twelve Years a Slave, and an original depiction of the Amistad slave mutiny.

“It was breathtaking,” Wilkins remembers. “It’s one thing to see pictures of letters and historical figures, or to see videos of them. But what’s interesting about my exhibit and what we present is that these are different mediums for people to connect with them. Letters are more tangible and personal, and offer a different lens or perspective for people to view these historical figures. That’s what’s really special about it. They are flabbergasting.”

The Malcolm X letter, for instance, offers insight into the author’s restless mindset in the last years of his life.

“The letter was written in 1964 during a time when Malcolm took a trip to Africa to visit various countries and leaders. This was his last trip out of the country,” Wilkins says. “During that time he was staying with President Sekou Touré of Guinea, and he penned Alex Haley, who wrote Malcolm’s autobiography. Essentially he wrote that he was meeting all these African presidents and that these experiences had broadened and matured his outlook, but that he missed home and asked Haley to keep in close touch with his wife. He also says he’s going to make a trip through Paris and London on the way back to the U.S. because he’d never been there before.”

“Towards the end of the letter it almost seems like a premonition, in a sense. He seems to know that he’s never going to be able to leave the U.S. again so he actually states that he doesn’t know when he’ll be able to leave the States again so he wants to be able to make these trips before he comes back home.”

Wilkins, who is working with the Mitchell Collection as a curatorial liaison, values the chance to show these letters in the Teaching and Visualization Lab, outside of a traditional museum context. “These artifacts are held in private hands, so a lot of these items don’t see the light of day very often. Using screens as a medium presents a bridge to enhance the experience of these tangible and analog items.”