Finding Aid for Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series W


Collection Information


Abstract:
Series W of The Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records contains business and personal correspondence dated 1895 to 1909, predominately incoming correspondence collected and preserved by George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Office. Copies of outgoing correspondence, presumably letters written by Biltmore Estate Forest Manager, Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck are included. The series contains correspondence from Biltmore Estate Electrician, Charles Waddell; Biltmore Estate Farm Manager, George F. Weston; and Biltmore Estate Veterinarian, Dr. A. S. Wheeler. There are also letters from Mrs. Marianne A. Weston and Mrs. Anna Wheeler. Also included in Series W are 1898 - 1909 letters to Dr. Schenck from Z. W. Whitehead, Editor and Manager of "The Southern Lumber Journal." There are 1898 - 1904 letters from B. L. Wiggins, Vice-Chancellor of The University of the South in Sewanee, TN. This correspondence concerns the working forest plan that Gifford Pinchot and Dr. Schenck made for the University. In addition, there are letters from Mrs. Lydia P. Williams, President of the Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs and H. M. Wilson, Chief Geographer of the Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey. Two noted Biltmore Forest School graduates in Series W are George Wirt and Thomas B. Wyman. Mr. Wirt became State Forester of Pennsylvania. Mr. Wyman did work on Biltmore Estate boundary lines in 1904. He later went to work for The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron CO. in Negaunee, Michigan. Series W also holds letters from Biltmore Forest School students and prospective students, vendors wishing to sell goods and services, lumber merchants and buyers, persons requesting Dr. Schenck's publications and landowners communicating about the sale of tracts adjoining or within the boundaries of George Vanderbilt's lands.
Contact Information:
The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department,
Archives Division
1 North Pack Square
Asheville, North Carolina
28801 USA
Phone: (828) 225-6300
Fax: (828) 277-3454
URL: http://www.biltmore.comeMail: archives@biltmore.com
Processed by
Stephanie Gardner
Date Completed
2003
Encoded by
Stephanie Gardner
© 2003 The Biltmore Company. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Creator
Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Office
Title
Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series W, 1895 - 1909, 1896 - 1909, (Bulk)
Call Number
2/W
Extent
3 and ½ document boxes
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department, Archives Division.
Restrictions to Access
The Biltmore Company Archives are made available to selected researchers. Use with permission from The Biltmore Company, Asheville, North Carolina.
Acquisitions Information
Correspondence received by Doctor Carl Alwin Schenck during his career as Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager.
Preferred Citation
Series W, 1895 - 1909, Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department, Archives Division, Asheville, North Carolina
Copyright Notice
The Biltmore Company retains copyright of these materials.

Scope and Content Note

Like the other series in the Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series W documents the formation of scientific forestry across the world. It is one of the largest series in the Collection. Series W contains much information about the early management of George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate. Included are 1901 through 1909 letters from Charles E. Waddell, Biltmore Estate Electrician. He wrote to Dr. Schenck about the Biltmore Power House and telephone systems on the Estate. George Weston, Biltmore Estate Farm Manager, wrote to Dr. Schenck from 1896 to 1906. Their correspondence often concerned differences of opinion between the Biltmore Estate Forestry Department and Biltmore Farms. Many of the disputes between Weston and Schenck involved ownership of Estate turkeys, locations of roads and use of farm land. In addition, Series W contains a 1902 through 1909 range of letters from Biltmore Estate Veterinarian, Dr. A. S. Wheeler. Dr. Wheeler gave recommendations for care of the ForestryDepartment's animals. In addition, Dr. Wheeler was a personal friend to Dr. and Mrs. Schenck. Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Mrs. Marianne A. Weston and Mrs. Anna Wheeler is also included in Series W. Letters reveal Mrs. Wheeler was involved in an Estate spinning and weaving program.

Henry White of the United Garment Workers of America wrote to Dr. Schenck from 1899 to 1902. White was based in New York City. He had an interest in forest conservation. Also represented in Series W is Z. W. Whitehead, Editor and General Manager of "The Southern Lumber Journal" of Wilmington, N.C. Mrs. Lydia P. Williams, President of the Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs, worked to spread information on forest preservation.

Another important correspondent of Series W is B. L. Wiggins, Vice-Chancellor of The University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. Dr. Schenck developed a working plan for the University while under contract from the United States Government. Mr. Pinchot was his director in the project.Another United States Government Project was a topographical survey of Pisgah Forest made in cooperation between the United States Geological Survey and the State Geologist of North Carolina. Dr. Schenck corresponded with H. M. Wilson, Chief Geographer, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey from 1896 to 1900.

George Wirt is a noted Biltmore Forest School graduate. He went to work in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania as State Forester. He was also made director of the Pennsylvania State Forest Academy. He told Dr. Schenck about establishing a nursery and forest plantations. Wirt's letters range from 1900 to 1906.

Series W also includes correspondence from Thos. B. Wyman. His letters date 1900 to 1908. Wyman was a Biltmore Forest School graduate and a member of the Biltmore Forest School Advisory Board. He went to work for The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company in Negaunee, Michigan in about 1905. Wyman wrote to Dr. Schenck about how he encouraged The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company to accept a policy which included aspects of forest care taught at Biltmore Forest School. Another Biltmore Forest School graduate, Mr. Higgins, aided in the creation and sponsorship of the policy.

Collection Organization

Records are filed by correspondent's last name in the case of individual persons. They are filed by company's name for institutions and businesses. It also appears that some clerks preferred to file records by the names of company's managers or agents. Therefore, one organization may be represented in the filing system by several letters depending on the variety of individuals' names within that particular group. In addition, miscellaneous manuscripts are filed in folders carrying a description of the material as a title.

Collection Arrangement

The documents have been arranged alphabetically by correspondents' name, and then, chronologically by date. This organization follows the records' original provenance, in that they were first filed in alphabetical order. It appears the original filing system consisted of placing newer records to the front of older ones, thus keeping working material up-to-date.

Online Catalog Terms

Personal Names
McNamee, Charles
Rothrock, Joseph T., 1839-1922.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Waddell, Charles Edward
Weston, George F.
Weston, Marianne
Wheeler, A. S., Dr.
Wheeler, Anna
Wiggins, B. L.
Wilkes, E. Langdon
Williams, Lydia P.
Wirt, George
Wyman, Thomas B.
Corporate Names
American Forestry Association
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Biltmore Estate Electrical Department
Cleveland-Cllifs Iron Co.
Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs
R. B. Wheeler & Co.
Publications
The Southern Lumber Journal
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
Louisiana-Orleans-New Orleans
Michigan-Marquette-Negaunee
Minnesota-Hennepin-Minneapolis
New York-New York
North Carolina-Buncombe-Arden
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Buncombe-Bent Creek
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
North Carolina-New Hanover-Wilmington
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Pennsylvania-Dauphin-Harrisburg
Pennsylvania-Franklin-Mont Alto
Tennessee-Franklin-Sewanee
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--History
Farm management
Forest conservation
Forest fires
Forest mapping
Forest surveys
Forestry schools and education--North Carolina--History
Forestry schools and education--Pennsylvania--History
Forests and forestry--Michigan--History
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--Management
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--Pisgah National Forest--History
Forests and forestry--United States--History
Reforestation
Materials
business letters
contract awards
copies
fliers (printed matter)
invoices
lists
notes
pamphlets
personal correspondence
purchase orders
reports
samples
telegrams

Related Material

Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records Collection | Series A | Series B | Series C | Series D | Series E | Series F | Series G | Series H | Series I | Series J | Series K | Series L | Series M | Series N | Series O | Series P | Series Q | Series R | Series S | Series T | Series U | Series V | Series XYZ | Series Additional Materials

Container List

Box.Folder 36.0038

Biltmore Forest School Inquiries and Applications, 1897 - 1900 (14 sheets)

This file relates to the Biltmore Forest School, begun by Carl Schenck with the encouragement and support of George Vanderbilt in 1898. The school continued at Biltmore until Schenck's departure in 1909. The file contains letters of inquiry from prospective students and persons seeking general information on Biltmore Forest School. March 2, 1898- A student hears of the "proposed" Forest School to be opened by Dr. Schenck.

September 5, 1898- A parent decides to send his or her son, Otto Widmann, to Cornell University as opposed to Biltmore Forest School, so that he can earn a Bachelor of Science of Forestry degree. He or she also wrote to Fernow for advice.

Correspondence from J. R. Wirt of McVeytown, PA. He decided to send his son to Biltmore Forest School on the advice of Prof. Rothrock. [See George Wirt.]

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Rothrock, Joseph T., 1839-1922.
Wirt, George
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Subjects
Forestry schools and education--United States--History
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards
telegrams

Box.Folder 36.0039

Biltmore Forest School Inquiries and Applications, 1901 - 1903 (21 sheets)

This file relates to the Biltmore Forest School, begun by Carl Schenck with the encouragement and support of George Vanderbilt in 1898. The school continued at Biltmore until Schenck's departure in 1909. The file contains letters of inquiry from prospective students and persons seeking general information on Biltmore Forest School. September 9, 1901 and December 19, 1901- Writers saw Biltmore Forest School advertised in the "American Lumberman."

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
American Lumberman (Firm)
Materials
business letters
notes
postcards

Box.Folder 36.0040

Biltmore Forest School Inquiries and Applications, 1904 - 1905 (19 sheets)

This file relates to the Biltmore Forest School, begun by Carl Schenck with the encouragement and support of George Vanderbilt in 1898. The school continued at Biltmore until Schenck's departure in 1909. The file contains letters of inquiry from prospective students and persons seeking general information on Biltmore Forest School. July 6, 1905- Writer saw Biltmore Forest School advertised in the Canadian Forestry Journal.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 36.0041

Biltmore Forest School Inquiries and Applications, 1906 (18 sheets)

This file relates to the Biltmore Forest School, begun by Carl Schenck with the encouragement and support of George Vanderbilt in 1898. The school continued at Biltmore until Schenck's departure in 1909. The file contains letters of inquiry from prospective students and persons seeking general information on Biltmore Forest School. June 4, 1906- Writer asks about Biltmore Forest School. He had inquired about the Michigan Forest School but wrote that he "like[d] Biltmore much better."

August 11, 1906- Dr. H. R. Underwood referred writer to Biltmore Forest School.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Michigan Agricultural College
Materials
business letters
notes
postcards

Box.Folder 36.0042

Job Applicants, 1896 - 1901 (20 sheets)

Correspondence from people seeking employment at Biltmore Estate for themselves or others. January 1, 1898- Writer hears Dr. Schenck sometimes has job openings "for embryo foresters."

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
notes
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 36.0043

Job Applicants, 1902 - 1909 (22 sheets)

Correspondence from people seeking employment at Biltmore Estate for themselves or others. July 23, 1904- Russell Woglum applies as instructor of Dendrology at Biltmore Forest School on advice of Dr. Fernow.

October 17, 1904- Letter of recommendation for C. D. Howe from his former professor at the University of Chicago.

October 31, 1905- Writer applies as a timber cruiser after seeing C. A. Schenck & Co.'s advertisement in the "American Lumberman."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Fernow, B. E. (Bernhard Eduard), 1851-1923.
Howe, Clifton D. (Clifton Durant), b. 1872.
Corporate Names
American Lumberman (Firm)
Materials
business letters
copies
letters of recommendation

Box.Folder 36.0044

Correspondence Regarding the Purchase of Products or Services, 1895 - 1901 (23 sheets)

April 13, 1898- Dr. Schenck advertised in "Yale Alumni Weekly." They are publishing a special issue on athletics.

March 14, 1899- Dr. Schenck ordered press clippings on forestry, himself and Biltmore Forest School from The 20th Century Business Reports clipping service.

"Fall of 1899 and Spring of 1900 Wholesale Catalogue of the Waukegan Nurseries, Waukegan, IL. R. Douglas' Sons, Proprietors."

Wagner Palace Car Company searched for a book left behind on the train.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Douglas, Robert
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Waukegan Nurseries
Publications
Yale Alumni Weekly
Geographical Terms
Illinois-Lake-Waukegan
Subjects
Clipping bureaus
Nurseries(Horticulture)
Materials
business letters
catalogs
copies
fliers (printed matter)
postcards
price lists

Box.Folder 36.0045

Correspondence Regarding the Purchase of Products or Services, 1902 - 1904 (13 sheets)

Correspondence regarding the purchase of products or services.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 36.0046

Correspondence Regarding the Purchase of Products or Services, 1905 - 1909 (20 sheets)

April 12, 1905- Keystone Coal and Coke Company of Greensburg, PA received Chestnut and Poplar seedlings from Biltmore.

September 26, 1906- Asheville Telephone and Telegraph Company installed a phone at Schenck's Mill, Biltmore, N.C., and connected that station to Wood Office #700.

Flier for typewriter ribbons written in several languages by F. S. Webster Company of Boston, MA.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Asheville Telephone and Telegraph Company
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Telephone companies
Typewriter ribbons
Materials
business letters
copies
fliers (printed matter)
postcards

Box.Folder 36.0047

Correspondence Regarding Land Sales/Purchases, 1900 - 1907 (22 sheets)

January 10, 1903- Options to be given on land of W. G. Warren and his brother.

September 12, 1903- C. L. Whitaker wants to sell part of the W. R. Whitaker land.

April 25, 1904- Correspondence regarding Tract 45.

June 17, 1904- N. P. Walker, Clerk of Superior Court, State of North Carolina, County of Haywood, received deed from Henry Thompson and wife to George Vanderbilt.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Haywood
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards

Box.Folder 36.0048

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases: People and Companies as Customers or Potential Customers of Biltmore Lumber, 1898 - 1907 (18 sheets)

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases: People and Companies as Customers or Potential Customers of Biltmore Lumber. February 14, 1898- Dr. Schenck authorized Citizens Coal Co., or Waddell and Coxe, to sell Biltmore lumber.

Orders for firewood and lumber.

January 22, 1906- Worth-Sherwood Shuttle Block Company of Greensboro, N.C. makes an offer on cords of rough dogwood.

May 10, 1907- National Wagon Manufactures' Association of the United States of America sends a flier saying, "The farm and heavy wagon industry consume upwards of 240,000,000 feet of hardwood annually.." List of lumber types used.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Biltmore Lumber Company
Waddell & Cox
Subjects
Carriage and wagon making
Hardwood industry
Materials
business letters
form letters

Box.Folder 36.0049

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases: People and Companies as Customers or Potential Customers of Biltmore Lumber, 1908 - 1909 (43 sheets)

This folder includes correspondence between Dr. Schenck and various lumber companies.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
copies
invoices
notes
postcards
price lists

Box.Folder 36.0050

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases: People and Companies Selling or Wishing to Sell Lumber, 1896 - 1907 (13 sheets)

This folder includes letters about taking up logs.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 36.0051

Correspondence Regarding Dr. Schenck's Services for Estimating the Values of Timber Lands, 1904 - 1906 (11 sheets)

Correspondence concerning C. A. Schenck & Co. March 1905- C. A. Schenck & Co. would charge Wistar, Underhill & CO. Wholesale Lumber Merchants $90 for estimating the stumpage on a 1,400 acre tract near Abington, VA.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
C. A. Schenck and Company
Subjects
Forest mapping
Forest surveys
Forestry consultants
Materials
business letters
sketches

Box.Folder 36.0052

People and Companies Selling School Supplies and Advertisements to Biltmore Forest School, 1899, 1904 (2 sheets)

April 26, 1899- "Yale Alumni Weekly" hopes Dr. Schenck will continue Biltmore Forest School advertisements in their publication. They have a greater circulation now and are planning two special issues. Notes on graduates and current students who read the paper.

January 15, 1904- "The Amherst Student" of Amherst, MA offers advertising space.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Publications
Yale Alumni Weekly
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 36.0053

People Selling Animals, 1904 - 1908 (9 sheets)

February 6, 1904- G. A. Weston writes Dr. Schenck about working in George Vanderbilt's best interests when raising turkeys.

Dr. G. S. Watkins of Cornwall, N.C. sent a young buck, deer, to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards

Box.Folder 36.0054

Correspondence Concerning Rental Properties, No date, 1903 - 1909 (19 sheets)

This folder contains correspondence on rental properties and mica mining.

Online Catalog Terms
Subjects
Landlord and tenant
Mica industry
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0001

Requests for Copies of Dr. Schenck's Books and Pamphlets, 1897 - 1908 (26 sheets)

October 12, 1897- Miss Wood, a student of Forestry at the University of Washington, requested and was sent a "Biltmore Forest" book.

October 10, 1898- Henry C. Warren sent circulars, not included, on the recently incorporated Massachusetts Forestry Association.

August 12, 1900- C. F. Wheeler, Consulting Botanist at the Experimental Station of the Agricultural College in Ingham Co., Michigan, agreed with Dr. Schenck's "Some Business Problems of American Forestry."

September 10, 1900- The Boston Public Library received "Some Business Problems of American Forestry."

August 31, 1905- Irvin C. Williams, The Deputy Commissioner of the Pennsylvania Department of Forestry, wants a copy of "Forest Management." He asks if he could study under Dr. Schenck's direction for a short time.

January 1, 1906- Dr. Schenck offers pamphlets on sylviculture, forest mensuration and forest utilization in one bound volume for $5.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Massachusetts Forestry Association
Materials
business letters
copies
form letters
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0002

Individuals, Corporations and Government Departments Sending Literature to Dr. Schenck, 1901 - 1906 (9 sheets)

April 27, 1901- C. F. Wheeler sent notes, not included, on the forest conditions in the Lake Superior area.

January 14, 1903- U.S.D.A., Bureau of Plant Industry is sending Dr. Schenck works by Hermann von Schrenk.

Wesleyan University sent catalogues to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schrenk, Hermann von
Corporate Names
United States. Bureau of Plant Industry.
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0003

Inquiries Regarding Passes, 1899 - 1908 (21 sheets)

August 9, 1900- A. B. Wilson of Hendersonville wants to take his family to Biltmore. He asks Dr. Schenck if he could get a discount for services from the African-American man who drives people around the Estate in his carriage.

October 7, 1902- Branch Williams, Night Watchman, wants to go opossum hunting.

July 23, 1904- Pass for Dr. Wespy + party to visit Pisgah Forest from June 23, 1904 to July 23, 1904.

July 16, 1908- Proprietor of the Aethelwold Hotel in Brevard, N.C. wants to act as an agent for fishing permits for his guests.

Online Catalog Terms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Passes (Transportation)
Materials
business letters
copies
permits
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0004

Correspondence from Employees and Contracted Laborers, 1896 - 1908 (19 sheets)

October 18, 1901- T. C. Wood doing work on trails near North Fork, Chestnut Gap, Big Fork Ridge, etc.

Judson O. Watts doing rock work.

Requests for payment for work performed.

January 5, 1904- W. G. Warren in Candler, N.C. mentions he "had one little spell fighting fire."

October 5, 1907- Writer complains of Ranger Wicker.

December 4, 1907- An anonymous "Well Wisher" informs Dr. Schenck that a watchman took other men for a raccoon hunt.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wicker, A.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
Subjects
Fire extinction
Forest rangers
Trails--Maintenance and repair
Materials
business letters
lists
memorandums
reports

Box.Folder 37.0005

Correspondence from Biltmore Forest School Including Information about Specific Students, 1899 - 1903 (4 sheets)

This folder includes correspondence on tuition payments. September 25, 1901- Letter of recommendation for Don Backus.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Backus, D. T.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--History
Materials
business letters
letters of recommendation

Box.Folder 37.0006

Correspondence Relating to Community Issues, 1898 - 1909 (18 sheets)

January 1, [1898?]- A parent from Seneca, S.C. wants help for his or her injured son, named George Vanderbilt.

April 18, 1905- Letter about proposed Electrical Railroad through Western North Carolina.

August 20, 1906- J. M. Whitaker tells D. Marshall to bring a mattock and Dr. Schenck to bring a shovel to work on the Public Road in District No. 7. They were asked to meet at Davidsons River Mill.

August 2, 1907- Copy of an article, "This Outrage Overlooked," about the Westfeldt vs. Adams case.

April 14, 1909- Dr. Schenck tells of the forest fires at Biltmore. He says fire only destroys the young growth, "the forests of the future," in primeval hardwood forests. He asks Ellwood Wilson of Canada to sign him up as a charter member of the International Society of Foresters.

April 29, 1909- Dr. Schenck tells of the forest fires at Biltmore. He says years of vegetable mold and young growth were lost. Dr. Schenck did not deny the exaggerated newspaper reports on the fire because the public needs to know "the necessity of assistance rendered by local government."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
International Society of Foresters
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Subjects
Electric railroads
Forests and forestry--Fire management
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--History
Materials
articles
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 37.0007

Groups and Organizations, 1897 - 1907 (10 sheets)

"Western Field and Stream" wants to publish material from Dr. Schenck.

April 5 and 10, 1899- Indiana Forestry Association was organized. John P. Brown was elected President. Dr. Schenck was interested in joining.

Circa January 1900- The Women's' Club of Tryon, N.C. would like for Dr. Schenck to speak at a public address on forestry.

August 13 and 22, 1903- The Scottish Right Masons of KY ask Dr. Schenck to speak.

May 20, 1907- Dr. Schenck corresponded with the Secretary of the Mississippi Pine Association.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Mississippi Pine Association
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Polk-Tryon
Subjects
Forests and forestry--United States--History
Women--Societies and clubs
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0008

General Requests to Dr. Schenck Regarding Forestry, 1897 - 1901 (15 sheets)

November 2, 1897- O. S. Whitmore sent leaves from Ulmus Americna, collected in Irving Park, Chicago, Il. They are from the same tree whose leaves he sent to Prof. Hopkins and "Garden and Forest."

March 5, 1898- The Devereux Lumber Co. of Charleston, W.V. writes of how they raft oak logs and "float them in the waters of West Virginia."

September 26, 1898- The blight returned to O. S. Whitmore's Ulmus Americna trees.

March 2, 1900- Lydia Williams writes Dr. Schenck about the proposed "National Park" and her thoughts on forestry in America.

December 11, 1899- Jno. Williams writes he is proud to know "a group of the only native Americans."

March 15, 1901- Geo. Walsh wrote an article on forestry for a New York magazine. He mentioned Biltmore and would like illustrations.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Williams, Lydia P.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Geographical Terms
Illinois-Cook-Chicago
West Virginia-Kanawha-Charleston
Subjects
American elm
Timber--Rafting
Materials
business letters
envelopes
specimens

Box.Folder 37.0009

General Requests to Dr. Schenck Regarding Forestry, 1904 - 1907 (19 sheets)

April 26, 1904- H. H. White wants Dr. Schenck's advice on the Bill he is preparing "for the preservation of the long leaf pine forests of Louisiana, and the reforesting of denuded lands in Louisiana."

June 13, 1904- Robert De C. Ward of Harvard University received the information that Dr. Schenck sent on meteorological observations at Biltmore Estate.

August 1, 1904- Mr. Pinchot asked George W. Woodruff to find data on how public domain lands are handled in foreign countries.

September 14, 1906- Treasurer of the Buffalo Hardwood Lumber Co. Veneer Dept. is interested in the large veneer plant to be erected near Biltmore.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
United States-Louisiana
Subjects
Forest conservation--Law and legislation
Forests and forestry--Louisiana--History
Veneers and veneering
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 37.0010

General Requests to Dr. Schenck Regarding Forestry, 1908 - 1909 (11 sheets)

January 25, 1909- Dr. Schenck writes that Walnut or Catalpa is no longer used at Biltmore Estate.

February 10, 1909- Dr. Schenck asks George Wilson to change some phrases in his wildlife bill.

March 3, 1909- Dr. Schenck writes about European willows.

February 27, 1909- Dr. Schenck writes that he believes the forests of the U.S. could be protected from tax problems and forest fires if they were controlled though only one corporation. He sent an anti-trespass Bill that was recently passed.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Subjects
Forest management--Law and legislation
Wildlife conservation--Law and legislation
Willows
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0011

Miscellaneous, 1896 - 1909 (37 sheets)

This folder contains letters in German, requests to visit Dr. Schenck, etc. April 25, 1904- Letter from Julia Schenck Winger seeking information on the Schenck family.

Online Catalog Terms
Subjects
Schenk family
Materials
bills of lading
business letters
copies
personal correspondence
postcards
receipts
stamps (exchange media)
telegrams

Box.Folder 37.0012

Wachovia Loan + Trust Company, W. B. Williamson, Cashier, 1906 - 1909 (23 sheets)

Correspondence from Wachovia Loan + Trust Company, W. B. Williamson, Cashier. Asheville, N.C. Fliers dated November 15, 1906. "To be posted at the Stradley School House" and "To be posted at the Morgan Hill School House." Fliers tell of the award George Vanderbilt will pay to the Bent Creek School, Morgan Hill School, Stradley School and Avery's Creek School if there is no trespassing or fires started within a certain time in Upper Hominy, Lower Hominy or Avery's Creek Townships. The money was deposited with Wachovia Loan + Trust Company.

Accounting matters. Paying employees.

November 14, 1907- List of Dr. Schenck's employees who withdrew money from the bank and the balances due to them.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
Wachovia Bank and Trust Company
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Buncombe-Avery Creek
Subjects
Bank accounts
Forest fires--Prevention and control--Citizen participation
Materials
business letters
copies
fliers (printed matter)
postcards
receipts

Box.Folder 37.0013

Chas. E. Waddell, Electrician, Electrical Department, Biltmore Estate, 1901 -1903 (17 sheets)

Correspondence from Chas. E. Waddell, Electrician, Electrical Department, Biltmore Estate. Biltmore, N.C. August 20, 1901- Waddell says the Estate telephones were not working on July 17 and the trouble was traced to Dr. Schenck's house. Waddell thinks Dr. Schenck should pay for repairs.

Telephones for desks of Dr. Schenck and Mrs. Ronci.

Billing for telephone connections. Dealings with the Asheville Telephone Company.

January 8, 1903- Waddell asks Dr. Schenck to make requisitions to "the Electrical department" and not to "Biltmore Power House."

Non-dated specifications for "Telephone Line at Buck Spring Lodge, Etcetera, Estimated for Fifty Miles of Line (100 Miles Wire)."

September 14, 1903- Waddell explains what happens when lightening strikes telephone line. He thinks the Estate should invest in reliable telephone connections.

Trouble with Estate telephones.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Ronci, Joanna
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Waddell, Charles Edward
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate Electrical Department
Buck Spring Lodge
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Telephone companies
Telephone lines--Design and construction
Materials
business letters
specifications

Box.Folder 37.0014

Chas. E. Waddell, Electrician, Electrical Department, Biltmore Estate, 1904 - 1905 (23 sheets)

Correspondence from Chas. E. Waddell, Electrician, Electrical Department, Biltmore Estate. Biltmore, N.C. January 11, 1904- Waddell does not think George Vanderbilt should have to pay John Sumner of Arden for right of way.

January 13, 1904- Electrical Department buys oil at a low price from the Standard Oil Company. Waddell will discontinue use of the steam plant in the Biltmore Power House.

January 30, 1904- Estate supervisors were called to meet about the proposed higher rates of the Asheville Telephone Company.

February 17, 1904- Asheville Telephone Company lowered their rates.

August 28, 1905- Waddell estimates the cost of Dr. Schenck's use of the small Roller Mills to the east of Biltmore. Waddell believes that electrical power is currently better than steam power.

September 6, 1905- Estimate of electricity for the Foresters' Club.

September 11, 1905- Waddell would like to talk with Dr. Schenck about waterpower.

The Biltmore Estate Electrical Department ordered poles from the Forestry Department.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Sumner, John
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Waddell, Charles Edward
Corporate Names
Asheville Telephone Company
Biltmore Estate Electrical Department
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Power resources
Right of way
Materials
business letters
form letters
invoices

Box.Folder 37.0015

Chas. E. Waddell, Electrician, Electrical Department, Biltmore Estate, 1906 - 1909 (17 sheets)

Correspondence from Chas. E. Waddell, Electrician, Electrical Department, Biltmore Estate. Biltmore, N.C. October 11, 1906- Copy of a letter that Waddell wrote to Jno. P. Arthur, Superintendent of Asheville Loop Line Railway. The motor Dr. Schenck bought from them did not work as expected.

March 2, 1907- Waddell explains fees for electrical power.

April 16, 1908- Waddell asks if Dr. Schenck will loan his moving picture machine to the small charity event of the Asheville Fire Department.

May 8, 1908- Waddell asks if Dr. Schenck will continue to use the lumber mill.

August 21, 1908- Waddell says the Biltmore Estate Electrical Department is "just as hard pushed as your [Forestry] Department." They need at least part of their bill to the Forestry Department.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Waddell, Charles Edward
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate Electrical Department
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Electric utilities--Costs
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 37.0016

William E. Waite, Bailiff, Biltmore Farms, 1906 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from William E. Waite, Bailiff, Biltmore Farms. Biltmore, N.C. June 6, 1906- Waite made some verbal agreements with the foreman of the Estate's lumberyard for inexpensive lumber for the Poultry Yards.

Dr. Schenck let Waite have a tree for shingles.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Waite, William E.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Farms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0017

Wilile Walb, 1902 - July 1904 (27 sheets)

This folder contains letters written in German by Willie Walb in Darmstadt, Germany and New York, New York.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Walb, Willie
Geographical Terms
Europe-Deutschland-Hessen-Darmstadt
New York-New York
Materials
letters (correspondence)

Box.Folder 37.0018

Willie Walb, August 1904 - 1906 (12 sheets)

This folder contains letters written in German by Willie Walb in Darmstadt, Germany and New York, New York.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Walb, Willie
Geographical Terms
Europe-Deutschland-Hessen-Darmstadt
New York-New York
Materials
letters (correspondence)

Box.Folder 37.0019

J. A. Walker, 1906 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from J. A. Walker of Black Mountain, N.C. He contracted to do lumber work for Dr. Schenck. References to W. H. Burnett.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Walker, J. A.
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0020

John R. Walker, Secretary, The North Carolina Pine Association, Incorporated, 1907 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from John R. Walker, Secretary, The North Carolina Pine Association, Incorporated. Norfolk, VA. May 28, 1907- [Dr. Howe?] sent Walker 250 copies of the 1906 Biltmore Forest School catalogue and 250 copies of "The Working Field of Biltmore Forest School." Walker said he would mail the literature to members of The North Carolina Pine Association, Incorporated.

August 12, 1907- Walker was impressed with Dr. Schenck's "What is Doing" booklet.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Walker, John R.
Corporate Names
North Carolina Pine Association
Geographical Terms
Virginia-Norfolk-Norfolk
Materials
business letters
copies
lists

Box.Folder 37.0021

Jos. T. Walker of The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, 1901 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from Jos. T. Walker of The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests. Concord, N.H. He asked Dr. Schenck for recommendations for hiring a practical forester. Apparently, Dr. Schenck recommended Mr. Griswold, though the Society did not accept Griswold for long-term work.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Griswold, George
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Walker, Jos. T.
Corporate Names
The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests
Geographical Terms
New Hampshire-Merrimack-Concord
Subjects
Forests and forestry--New Hampshire--History
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0022

R. P. Walker Company, 1903 - 1909 (13 sheets)

Correspondence from R. P. Walker Company, Manufacturers of Single Trees and Neck Yokes. Asheville, N.C. and R. P. Walker & CO., Proprietors, French Broad Manufacturing Company. Barnard, N.C. September 23, 1903- Specifications for lumber R. P. Walker Company wishes to purchase.

December 19, 1903- Asked for prices on Mountain Birch.

January 14, 1905- Walker appreciates Dr. Schenck's friendly attitude towards his son, who was accused of hunting on Biltmore Estate.

January 16, 1906- Walker begins writing as a Proprietor of French Broad Manufacturing Company. They purchased, or considered purchasing, Biltmore lumber. Includes flier, "WANTED! Axe Handle Timber."

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
R. P. Walker Company
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Madison-Barnard
Materials
business letters
copies
posters
specifications

Box.Folder 37.0023

W. J. Wallis, M.D., 1903 - 1907 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from W. J. Wallis, M.D. Brevard, N.C. October 12, 1903- Dr. Wallis sent invoices for treatment of Doc and Dave Newman and Perry Davis.

April 15, 1905- Dr. Wallis saw Harrison McCall, son-in-law of Jesse Miles McCall. Dr. Wallis believes Harrison has appendicitis. He asks if Biltmore Estate employees may undergo surgery for free at The Biltmore Hospital.

April 21, 1905- Harrison McCall appeared better. He may not need an operation.

April 12, 1907- Bill for treating Jesse M. McCall.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
McCall, Jesse M.
Wallis, W. J., M.D.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Brevard
Materials
business letters
invoices

Box.Folder 37.0024

Howard E. Walter, House Agent, Biltmore Estate, 1904 - 1906 (16 sheets)

Correspondence from Howard E. Walter, House Agent, Biltmore Estate. Biltmore, N.C. and other places. August 10, 1904- Walter asks Dr. Schenck's advice on the land he gave him to lease.

October 10, 1904- Walter's men did kalsomining and painting at Woodcote, Dr. Schenck's house. They also enameled some pieces of furniture. Walter is leaving Biltmore Estate.

April 19, 1905- Walter recommends a replacement for Mrs. Ketchum.

May 7, 1906 and June 16, 1906- Walter found kaolin on property of The Highland Forest Co. He wants to lease the mining rights.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Ketchum, E. G.
Walter, Howard E.
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0025

H. Walters, 1905 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from H. Walters of Alderson, West Virginia. Walter Mosenthal did some work with him.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Mosenthal, Walter J.
Walters, H.
Materials
business letters
telegrams

Box.Folder 37.0026

John Wanamaker, No date, 1901, 1906 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from John Wanamaker. New York, New York and Philadelphia, PA. They ordered Dr. Schenck's "Forest Utilization."

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
John Wanamaker
Geographical Terms
New York-New York
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Materials
business letters
postcards
telegrams

Box.Folder 37.0027

Montgomery Ward & Co., 1902 - 1906 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from Montgomery Ward & Co. Chicago, Il. Red "logo" on their letterhead notes they are "Originators of the Catalogue Business." December 9, 1902- Sizes not in stock for order of oiled double jackets and oiled string pants.

March 7, 1903- Invoice for a Windsor Organ. On the reverse side is an illustrated flier, printed in red ink, advertising the $27.80 Windsor Organ.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Montgomery Ward
Geographical Terms
Illinois-Cook-Chicago
Subjects
Organs
Materials
business letters
invoices
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0028

William Hayes Ward, Editor, "The Independent.", 1898, 1900, 1901 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from William Hayes Ward, Editor, "The Independent." New York, N.Y. Dr. Schenck sent him literature.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Ward, William Hayes
Publications
The Independent
Geographical Terms
New York-New York
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0029

Joseph De Witt Warner, 1905, 1906 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Joseph De Witt Warner. Washington D.C. and Ann Arbor, MI. He received Dr. Schenck's pamphlets on Forest Utilization and Mensuration.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Warner, Joseph De Witt
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
Michigan-Washtenaw-Ann Arbor
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 37.0030

E. P. Warren, 1902 - 1903 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from E. P. Warren. Sussex, England; Boston, MA; and Cambridge, MA. December 10, 1902- Paying Biltmore Forest School tuition for H. A. Thomas. Arranging visits with Harold Thomas.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Warren, E. P.
Geographical Terms
Europe-United Kingdom-England-Sussex
Massachusetts-Middlesex-Cambridge
Massachusetts-Suffolk-Boston
Materials
business letters
telegrams

Box.Folder 37.0031

J. W. Warren, The Farmers' Department Store, 1902, 1903 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from J. W. Warren, The Farmers' Department Store. Hominy Creek, S.C. January 21, 1902- He wanted to finish a road to the R. B. Warren tract of land. March 14, 1903- Letter of recommendation for R. R. Allen.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
J. W. Warren, The Farmers' Department Store
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0032

Warren, Jones & Gratz, 1905 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Warren, Jones & Gratz of St. Louis, MO. They wanted C. A. Schenck & Co. to estimate timber lands in Southeastern Missouri.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Warren, Jones & Gratz
Geographical Terms
Missouri-Saint Louis
Subjects
Forest surveys
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0033

S. T. Warren, 1908 (10 sheets)

Correspondence from S. T. Warren. Biltmore, N.C. The Biltmore Estate Forestry Department settled accounts with him.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Warren, S. T.
Materials
business letters
notes
telegrams

Box.Folder 37.0034

H. E. Waterbury, 1905 - 1908 (19 sheets)

Correspondence from H. E. Waterbury. Watertown, MA; Beverly, MA and Portland, Oregon. December 28, 1905- Stanley Hall told him of Biltmore Forest School and he would like to enter.

December 30, 1905- Waterbury writes he has passed two years at Harvard College and his father or mother owns timberlands.

January 7, 1906- Waterbury leaving for Biltmore.

No date- Waterbury would like to work for a private employer and not enter government service. Yet, he will still take the Civil Service Examination.

No date- Returned exam questions to Dr. Schenck. Waterbury looking for work.

April 25, 1907- Waterbury got a job with J. D. Lacey & Co. in Portland, Oregon. He was also offered a job in Baltimore. He is finishing up gipsy moth work in Beverly, MA. He says several Harvard men took the Exams with him and he, with his Biltmore Forest School education, knew much more than they knew.

June 6, 1907- Waterbury with J. D. Lacey & Co. in Portland, Oregon doing office work. He says they do not do as well estimating as C. A. Schenck & Co. He describes their methods of estimating. Waterbury is engaged to Miss. Ely of MA. News of other Biltmore Forest School graduates.

January 15, 1908- Waterbury gives locations and occupations of other Biltmore Forest School graduates. He is not satisfied with his position at J. D. Lacey & Co. He writes of life in the West. He and Rhoades believe Biltmore Forest School should teach more surveying skills, especially how to use a compass accurately. Waterbury names other western timber firms.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Hall, Stanley Breed
Rhoades, Verne
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Waterbury, Howard E.
Corporate Names
C. A. Schenck and Company
J. D. Lacey & Co.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Essex-Beverly
Massachusetts-Middlesex-Watertown
Oregon-Multnomah-Portland
Subjects
Forest management
Forest surveys
West (U.S.)--Description and travel
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0035

A. C. Watkins, President, The University Press, 1905, 1906 (10 sheets)

Correspondence from A. C. Watkins, President, The University Press. Sewanee, TN. January 12, 1905- Description of their printing work.

September 23, 1905- Type was lost for the book they were printing for Dr. Schenck.

January 24, 1906- References to printing the book which combined three of Dr. Schenck's most popular pamphlets into one bound volume.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Watkins, A. C.
Corporate Names
University Press (Sewanee, Tenn.)
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Franklin-Sewanee
Subjects
Printing industry
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0036

Geo. E. Watson, 1904, 1907 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from Geo. E. Watson. St. Louis, MO and New Orleans, LA. February 1, 1904- Request for Dr. Schenck to join The House of Hoo-Hoo, The Lumbermen's Headquarters At The Louisiana Purchase Exposition. April 23, 1907- Watson believes the best cypress manufacturing industry of the east coast states is in Louisiana.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Watson, Geo. E.
Corporate Names
Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoo
Geographical Terms
Louisiana-Orleans-New Orleans
Missouri-Saint Louis
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0037

G. C. Briggs, Manager, Courier Printing Company. Waynesville, N.C., 1908, 1909 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from G. C. Briggs, Manager, Courier Printing Company. Waynesville, N.C. December 15, 1908- Dr. Schenck writes a letter to the editor, saying owners of hardwood lands should adopt a firm stance against the possible abolishment of the tariff on woodgoods. He says forestry can never be established in America unless it begins to make a profit.

December 15, 1908- Published Dr. Schenck's advertisement. Dr. Schenck mentions the danger of forest fire setters. He says he does not see the need for an Appalachian Mountain Park. The land is already there and they must only protect it from fires and build good roads to receive federal aid.

Misprinted copy of an advertisement/notice forbidding residents and visitors of Haywood County from trespassing on George Vanderbilt's lands.

December 3, 1908- Dr. Schenck writes he is sad to place the add but Pisgah Forest and Mount Pisgah are closed to Haywood County citizens until the trespassing and deer hunting end.

January 27, 1909- Dr. Schenck asks Mr. Briggs to back up his no trespassing stand.

May 10, 1909- Dr. Schenck asks to discontinue the advertisement forbidding visitors and citizens of Haywood County to go onto George Vanderbilt's property.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Briggs, G. C.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
Appalachian National Park Association
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Haywood
North Carolina-Haywood-Waynesville
Subjects
Tariff on wood products
Trespass
Materials
announcements
business letters
clippings
copies
invoices
photocopies

Box.Folder 37.0038

Charles A. Webb, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 1896 - 1905 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from Charles A. Webb, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Ashville, N.C. September 11, 1896- Offer to sell the John Child tract near Round Knob.

Pass for Webb to fish in the Pink Beds from July 1, 1903 to July 31, 1903.

May 24, 1904- Praise for John O'Kelly.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Webb, Charles A.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters
passes (tickets)
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0039

D. H. Webb, 1896 - 1909 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from D. H. Webb of Asheville, N.C. He did work for Dr. Schenck, and later sold groceries.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Webb, D. H.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters
copies
invoices

Box.Folder 37.0040

Walker L. Wellford, 1899 - 1902 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from Walker L. Wellford of Memphis, TN. December 13, 1899- Writing for the National Coopers' Association. He had a copy of "Barrel & Box" sent to Dr. Schenck.

Received literature from Dr. Schenck.

April 24, 1901- Writing from the Chickasaw Cooperage Co. in Memphis, TN. Needs help finding a German work that Pinchot recommended.

January 7, 1902- Wellford says their New Orleans factory has been shut down since October due to a strike. He joined the new Tennessee Forestry Association.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wellford, Walker L.
Publications
Barrel and Box
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Shelby-Memphis
Subjects
Coopers and cooperage
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0041

Charles J. Wentworth and Co., Wholesale Lumber Merchants, 1904, 1908 (11 sheets)

Correspondence from Charles J. Wentworth and Co., Wholesale Lumber Merchants of Boston, MA. They considered ordering Biltmore lumber.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Charles J. Wentworth and Co., Wholesale Lumber Merchants
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Suffolk-Boston
Materials
business letters
copies
purchase orders

Box.Folder 37.0042

Jules W. Werner, 1899 - 1900 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from Jules W. Werner of Boston, MA. He ordered trees for his father in Germany. He was disappointed that the trees did not arrive at the right time for planting.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Werner, Jules W.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Suffolk-Boston
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0043

W. R. West, 1901 - 1904 (11 sheets)

Correspondence from W. R. West. Sylva, N.C.; Bryson City, N.C.; Davidson River, N.C. and Biltmore, N.C. He worked for and rented from Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
West, W. R.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Jackson-Sylva
North Carolina-Swain-Bryson City
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 37.0044

W. H. Westall, Dealer in Lumber, 1900 - 1904 (9 sheets)

Correspondence from W. H. Westall, Dealer in Lumber. Asheville, N.C. They appear to have sold lumber to and bought lumber from Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Westall, W. H.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters
postcards
price lists

Box.Folder 37.0045

Western Carolina Lumber Company, 1908 (13 sheets)

Correspondence from Western Carolina Lumber Company. Swannanoa, N.C. They considered purchasing Biltmore poplar lumber.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Western Carolina Lumber Company
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Swannanoa
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 37.0046

George G. Westfeldt, 1897 - 1908 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from George G. Westfeldt at Rugby Grange, Fletcher, N.C. Requests for fishing passes and to see the interior of Buck Spring Lodge.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Westfeldt, George G.
Corporate Names
Buck Spring Lodge
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
Materials
copies
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0047

Gustaf R. Westfeldt, 1897 - 1900 (15 sheets)

Correspondence from Gustaf R. Westfeldt. Fletcher, N.C. and New Orleans, LA. Traveling between New Orleans and Fletcher. February 23, 1898- Sent Louisiana grown pecans to Dr. and Mrs. Schenck.

Requests for fishing and camping permits for himself, his two sons and friends.

September 5, 1899- Wants to camp with two friends and Jimmy Case for one night on Pisgah Ridge.

December 2, 1899- List of horses they have to sell. All are in the charge of H. Deaver Lance at Rugby Grange Farm. References to Overton Price and Mrs. Price.

March 8, 1900- Asks for help on pricing timber. References to his sister, Jenny, and niece, Christine Reynolds. Writing from New Orleans, where Mardi Gras has just ended.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Case, James [Jimmy]
Price, Overton W.
Westfeldt, Gustaf R.
Geographical Terms
Louisiana-Orleans-New Orleans
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence
postcards

Box.Folder 37.0048

Gustaf R. Westfeldt, 1901 - 1908 (16 sheets)

Correspondence from Gustaf R. Westfeldt. Fletcher, N.C. and New Orleans, LA. Traveling between New Orleans and Fletcher. May 16, 1901- Mentions he went to Mexico last winter and is since studying Spanish.

November 23, 1901- Mentions a Swain County case, in or soon to be in N.C. Supreme Court, in which he believes his brother will be accused of tampering with the jury in the N.C. Superior Court. He would like a character affidavit for his brother from Dr. Schenck. Mentions Owny Price is coming.

December 12, 1901- Received affidavits from Dr. Schenck and Mr. Weston as to his brother's character.

November 17, 1903- He and son George went camping in the Smokey Mountains and tasted bear meat. Interested in learning more about the club to lease hunting rights on George Vanderbilt's lands. Regards to Mrs. Schenck and Mr. Bopp.

July 27, 1904- References to European politics.

December 23, 1904- Advice on the hunting and fishing club. He and his brother would like to join.

August 1907- His youngest son, Gustaf Westfeldt Jr., is trying to get a lawyer's license to carry on his uncle's (Gustaf Sr.'s brother's) work.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Price, Overton W.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Westfeldt, Gustaf R.
Weston, George F.
Geographical Terms
Louisiana-Orleans-New Orleans
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
Subjects
Hunting and fishing clubs
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0049

Jenny Fleetwood Westfeldt, No dates, 1907 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from Jenny Fleetwood Westfeldt. Requests for fishing permits and a job for her brother.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Westfeldt, Jenny Fleetwood
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0050

P. M. Westfeldt, 1897 - 1903 (15 sheets)

Correspondence from P. M. Westfeldt. Rugby Grange, Fletcher, N.C., New Orleans, LA and Asheville, N.C. July 22, 1897- Letter of recommendation for Jack Coburn and A. J. Jones.

August 8, 1898- The New Orleans Librarian wanted a catalogue of Dr. Schenck's publications.

Requests for fishing permits.

June 6, no date- Appreciates Dr. Schenck's sympathy.

J. L. Calhoun applies for employment with Dr. Schenck.

May 10, 1903- Mentions his wife. Says Jenny Fleetwood Westfeldt is his niece.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Westfeldt, Jenny Fleetwood
Westfeldt, P. M.
Geographical Terms
Louisiana-Orleans-New Orleans
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
Materials
letters of recommendation
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0051

P. M. Westfeldt, 1904 - 1907 (15 sheets)

Correspondence from P. M. Westfeldt. Rugby Grange, Fletcher, N.C., New Orleans, LA and Asheville, N.C. April 30, 1904- Has a letter from Edgar B. Moore about the proposed hunting and fishing club on George Vanderbilt's lands.

May 7, 1904- Asks for permits for his nephews, G. R. Westfeldt Jr. and Thos. D. Westfeldt.

July 1905- Advice on the proposed club.

November 10, 1906- Would pay travel expenses for Dr. Schenck to come testify on his behalf at Waynesville. Mr. Sudworth will also testify.

December 1, 190[?]- Judge Pritchard voted against Westfeldt. He will appeal the case.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Moore, Edgar B.
Pritchard, Jeter Connelly, 1857-1921.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Westfeldt, P. M.
Westfeldt, Thomas D.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
Subjects
Hunting and fishing clubs
Materials
business letters
notes
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 37.0052

Thomas D. Westfeldt, 1907, 1908 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from Thomas D. Westfeldt. Fletcher, N.C. and New Orleans, LA. Requests for fishing permits. Mix-up with permits of Thomas Westfeldt, Wallace Westfeldt and their cousin, Jenny Fleetwood Westfeldt.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Westfeldt, Jenny Fleetwood
Westfeldt, Thomas D.
Geographical Terms
Louisiana-Orleans-New Orleans
North Carolina-Henderson-Fletcher
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0001

George F. Weston, Biltmore Farms General Manager, 1896 - 1899 (24 sheets)

Correspondence from George F. Weston. Biltmore, N.C. March 9, 1896- Sarcastic letter about the express rate for shipping butter to Philadelphia.

March 31, 1896- An employee of Biltmore Forest School students was accused of killing a turkey at Antler Hall. Forest planters are messing up the grass behind the Truck Farm.

September 26, 1896- Weston is interested in conservation of moisture. He recommends cutting side drains along steep roads such as the new Wood Road down the hillside between the West and Ferry Farm.

July 27, 1897- C. S. Whittier is looking for a place to plant ginseng.

August 20, 1897- Farm Department will give up the farm areas along the Ferry Road to the Forestry Department around August 1898. They will seed it in rye during the coming autumn.

November 1, 1897- Weston asks that Schenck reopen the path that has been used as a shortcut to the Truck Farm, Ridge Road and Dairy.

January 11, 1898- Another question on ginseng.

February 11, 1898- Rangers need to repair the gate in the boundary fence that is placed across the Ridge Road leading out from the School House to Hendersonville Road.

March 17, 1898- Weston lists the roads in his charge.

March 8, 1899- Too many dogs running loose on the Estate. Weston saw one of Dr. Schenck's employees making a fish trap by the ferry for Dr. Wheeler. Weston believes this is illegal, as is seining, setting night lines and killing fish with dynamite.

March 29, 1899- Keep the male Light Braham, who has "been visiting our flock of thoroughbred hens," at home.

June 7, 1899- List of strikers who are no longer to be employed on the Estate.

August 22, 1899- Weston applies for permits for people who need to shoot crows, squirrels and rabbits.

November 29, 1899- George Vanderbilt still wishes Weston to manage the ferries. New system of payment to be implemented for their usage.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Weston, George F.
Wheeler, A. S., Dr.
Whittier, C. S.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Farms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Dogs
Farm management
Ferries
Ginseng
Road drainage
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Materials
business letters
copies
memorandums

Box.Folder 38.0002

George F. Weston, Biltmore Farms General Manager, 1900 - 1903 (37 sheets)

Correspondence from George F. Weston. Biltmore, N.C. February 9, 1900- Weston asks Dr. Schenck to remove stakes from roads he has staked out in the bottom lands above the boom on the French Broad River and behind the French Broad Farm House. Please keep wood wagons from driving across farm lands above the River Cliff Cottage.

February 14, 1900- Land to the left on the road "as you leave the Ferry Road and go up to the Packing House" is to be in grass, as decided by George Vanderbilt and Olmsted.

March 6, 1900- George Vanderbilt will probably allow Weston to fence in Busbee Mountain for a hog range.

May 20, 1901- Brandley reports there is a good line on the new road from the Arboretum Road above River Cliff. Weston will remove the cabin there.

Billing for exchanges of lumber, vegetables, wood, poles and milk.

November 7, 1902- Letter of recommendation for B. D. Ray.

More on hiring Mr. Ray.

December 2, 1902- Predators took much of the poultry. George Vanderbilt is allowing Weston to employee a trapper from outside the Estate.

December 4, 1902- Question of stables needed for Dr. Schenck's mules.

December 17, 1902- Lost over two hundred dollars of poultry last year due to dogs. Weston wonders about the policy for dogs running loose on Biltmore Estate.

January 6, 1903- Weston asks Dr. Schenck to remind Biltmore Forest School students not to ride over wet grass crops or other wet farmlands. He caught a gang trying to cross the alfalfa "led by that especially wild looking youth with ambrosial locks."

July 21, 1903- Weston says ferries are in Dr. Schenck's charge.

August 18, 1903- Weston says Mr. Potter shot a sixty dollar imported Collie and took tools from the Permanent Improvement force's toolbox, leaving a note that they should go buy more.

December 12, 1903- Weston hopes Dr. Schenck will move the Lower Ferry and the Ferryman's House to the spot lower down the river, of which George Vanderbilt approved.

December 15, 1903- Weston says Estate turkeys are the property of Biltmore Farms and Dr. Schenck should not loose the rights to shoot any wild turkeys.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Brandley, F.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Weston, George F.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Farms
Biltmore Forest School
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Buncombe-Busbee Mountain
Subjects
Dogs
Farm management
Ferries
Hunting leases
Predatory animals--Control
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Turkey hunting
Materials
business letters
letters of recommendation
memorandums

Box.Folder 38.0003

George F. Weston, Biltmore Farms General Manager, 1904 - 1906 (28 sheets)

Correspondence from George F. Weston. Biltmore, N.C. January 11, 1904- Weston's opinions on paying for a right of way near Longshoals Bridge.

January 19, 1904- Farm turkeys ranging at large are still the property of Biltmore Farms. Weston says Mr. Potter rounded up farm turkeys and allowed visitors to shoot them.

February 16, 1904- George Vanderbilt said Dr. Schenck should have the wild turkeys and the Farms will have the domestic ones.

March 28, 1904- Weston says Dr. Schenck is having roads cut through farmlands.

March 30, 1904- Sheep Farm Road impassable for farm teams.

May 25, 1904- Request for wood to build a bridge over White Branch.

Letters concerning employees D. W. Bradley and Mr. Wilkes.

Exchange of hay, lumber.

December 14, 1904- Weston proposed a division of territory relating to Estate turkeys. Weston does not approve of a tax on dogs. He thinks the Estate should not take away the privilege of having a dog and that things are already very regulated for Estate tenants.

July 19, 1905- George Vanderbilt sent lists and notices about "a proposed exhibit of garden and farm produce on the Estate for the coming fall."

February 21, 1906- Weston writing from Gainesville, Florida. He is doing consulting work.

October 11, 1906- Weston writing from Rock Hall in Arden, N.C.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Weston, George F.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Farms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Arden
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Dogs
Farm management
Right of way
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Turkey hunting
Materials
business letters
memorandums
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0004

Marianne A. Weston, 1901 - 1904 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from Marianne A. Weston, wife of George Weston. Rock Hall, Arden, N.C. May 9, 1901- Mrs. McNamee asked Mrs. Weston to invite Dr. Schenck to have tea at the Sheep Farm.

February 23, 1903- Miss Olmsted said "there is a very dangerous washout on the River Road below Antler Drive."

No date- Miss Rees wants permission to have an opossum hunt on the Estate Thanksgiving night.

August 20, 1904- Invites Dr. Schenck to "leave your little trees" and come to a picnic.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
McNamee, Julia Austin Lord
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Weston, Marianne
Corporate Names
Sheep Farm
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Arden
Subjects
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Materials
invitations
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0005

Rev. Thomas C. Wetmore, 1896 - 1898 (22 sheets)

Correspondence from Rev. Thomas C. Wetmore of Arden, N.C. He sold large amounts of pine seedlings to Dr. Schenck. He also sold pine cones.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wetmore, Thomas C.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Arden
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0006

Rev. Thomas C. Wetmore, 1899 - 1903 (26 sheets)

Correspondence from Rev. Thomas C. Wetmore. Arden, N.C. Wetmore selling more pine seedlings and cones, especially White Pine.

July 1899- Fishing permit returned to McNamee from Wetmore and family.

June 1904- Rev. Thos. C. Wetmore writing as Principal, Christ School, Academic and Industrial. Arden, N.C.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wetmore, Thomas C.
Corporate Names
Christ School (Arden, N.C.)
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Arden
Materials
business letters
memorandums
notes
permits
postcards

Box.Folder 38.0007

Anna Wheeler, No date, 1904 - 1907 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from Anna Wheeler. Biltmore, N.C. August 22, no year- Appreciated Dr. Schenck's hospitality while at [Prestraction?] Lodge.

July 12, 1906- References to weaving done by Anna Wheeler and Mrs. O'Kell[e]y.

July 15, 1907- More on homespun. Mrs. Orr may join them in spinning and weaving.

July 27, 1907- Getting required yarn to Mrs. Orr.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wheeler, Anna
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Hand spinning
Weaving
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0008

Dr. A. S. Wheeler, Biltmore Farms Veterinarian, 1902 - 1906 (18 sheets)

Correspondence from Dr. A. S. Wheeler. Biltmore, N.C. No date- Wheeler wants to know if pecan trees can be grown successfully in Western North Carolina.

Miscellaneous veterinarian work. Wheeler ordering firewood.

July 17, 1904- Wheeler wants a pass for fishing and camping.

June 6, 1906- Wheeler wants to know about Dr. Schenck's scale of wages.

July 6, 1906- Reference to bark purchased by Mrs. Wheeler for the Weaving Department.

October 19, 1906- "Steer proposition has been a rather disappointing investment for us.."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wheeler, A. S., Dr.
Wheeler, Anna
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Veterinarians--United States
Weaving
Materials
business letters
memorandums
personal correspondence
postcards

Box.Folder 38.0009

Dr. A. S. Wheeler, Biltmore Farms Veterinarian, 1907 (13 sheets)

Correspondence from Dr. A. S. Wheeler. Biltmore, N.C. April 2, 1907- Mrs. Wheeler successfully underwent a serious operation in Philadelphia.

May 6, 1907 and September 19, 1907- Would like to see a copy of Dr. Schenck's tenant lease.

May 10, 1907- Wheeler will not be able to occupy one of the cottages near 'Camp Starvation.'

July 22, 1907- Wheeler recommends trying shredded fodder with the Forestry Department's cattle.

September 4, 1907- There will be an employee fair on September 6 with a milking contest and possibly a plowing contest.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wheeler, A. S., Dr.
Wheeler, Anna
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Fairs
Feed
Veterinarians--United States
Materials
business letters
memorandums

Box.Folder 38.0010

Dr. A. S. Wheeler, Biltmore Farms Veterinarian, 1908 - 1909 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from Dr. A. S. Wheeler. Biltmore, N.C. March 21, 1908- Wheeler mentions the Reed Farm was placed in his care.

May 4, 1908- Grub worms developed in the pine brush from clearing on the hill in back of Pine Top Dairy.

August 6, 1908- Wheeler will sell a Geisha mare to Dr. Schenck for $100. Wheeler thinks W. J. Knighten and Chas. Case should be given permits to shoot crows near the cornfields at the Plateau Farm and Sheep Farm. The crows are destroying the corn.

May 4, 1909- Copy of a letter to Dr. Wheeler from Dr. Schenck. Dr. Schenck said Mr. Beadle told his two employees who witnessed their dispute to "spread the news." Dr. Schenck says he didn't want anyone to know, especially Mrs. Schenck, who was alone at Biltmore.

May 4, 1909- Dr. Wheeler sent milk cans to use in the distribution of fish. A large number of fish were released at the head of Davidson's River and Avery's Creek. Dr. Schenck writes that the cost of the milk cans will be reimbursed by the new Hunting & Fishing Club, of which he and Mrs. Schenck are members.

May 6, 1909- Evidently, Dr. Schenck gave Dr. Wheeler a letter to mail to Talbot Root to give to George Vanderbilt when he arrives in New York. Need the milk cans returned. Dr. Wheeler wants to speak with Dr. Schenck before George Vanderbilt returns to Biltmore.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Beadle, Chauncey Delos
Root, Talbot
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Wheeler, A. S., Dr.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Fighting
Fish stocking
Veterinarians--United States
Materials
business letters
copies
memorandums
notes

Box.Folder 38.0011

R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber, 1904 - July 1908 (23 sheets)

Correspondence from R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber. Philadelphia, PA. They purchased Biltmore lumber.

July 17, 1908- Quips from Dr. Schenck about R. B. Wheeler & Co. celebrating the 4th of July on July 3, and on Taft vs. Bryan. Dr. Schenck jokes he will go back to Germany for 4 years if Bryan wins the election.

July 20, 1908- "As to the election of the Hon. Mr. Taft, if you people down there hold your end up as well as we do in Pennsylvania there will not be much doubt about ordering a very large chair for the White House."

July 21, 1908- Dr. Schenck summarized Biltmore's poplar and chestnut lumber on hand.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930.
Corporate Names
R. B. Wheeler & Co.
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Subjects
Presidential candidates
Materials
business letters
copies
trade cards

Box.Folder 38.0012

R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber, August 1908 (19 sheets)

Miscellaneous correspondence from R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber. Philadelphia, PA.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
R. B. Wheeler & Co.
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Materials
business letters
copies
lists
postcards

Box.Folder 38.0013

R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber, September 1908 (29 sheets)

Correspondence from R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber. Philadelphia, PA. Car lists of lumber sold. The National Hardwood Lumber Association was called in to inspect lumber and settle a debate over lumber which R. B. Wheeler & Co. did not believe was properly graded.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
R. B. Wheeler & Co.
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Subjects
Timber--Grading
Materials
bills of lading
business letters
copies
lists
telegrams

Box.Folder 38.0014

R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber, October 1908 (11 sheets)

Correspondence from R. B. Wheeler & Co., Wholesale Lumber. Philadelphia, PA. More on The National Hardwood Lumber Association's reinspecting lumber. Dr. Schenck asks The National Hardwood Lumber Association's Secretary, Mr. Frank F. Fish, if their Chief Inspector could come to Biltmore and train S. C. Eaton in national inspection standards.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Eaton, S. C.
Fish, Frank F.
Corporate Names
R. B. Wheeler & Co.
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Subjects
Timber--Grading
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 38.0015

Wheland Machine Works, October 1902 - November 1907 (28 sheets)

Correspondence from Wheland Machine Works of Chattanooga, TN. They sold duplicate machine parts, a 24'' mandrel pulley, an edger collar and other sawmill equipment to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Wheland Machine Works
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Hamilton-Chattanooga
Materials
business letters
invoices
lists
telegrams

Box.Folder 38.0016

Wheland Machine Works, December 1907 - February 1908 (21 sheets)

Correspondence from Wheland Machine Works of Chattanooga, TN. October 8, 1907- Copy of a contract to furnish Biltmore Estate with a sawmill "outfit."

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Wheland Machine Works
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Hamilton-Chattanooga
Materials
announcements
business letters
contract awards
copies
invoices

Box.Folder 38.0017

Wheland Machine Works, March 1908 - March 1909 (24 sheets)

Correspondence from Wheland Machine Works of Chattanooga, TN. November 10, 1908- Dr. Schenck writes that one of the head-blocks of the No. 10 carriage was breaking through. They had to replace the busted head-block.

March 9, 1909- A heavy log slipped when frozen and fell down, breaking the knee of the sawmill.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Wheland Machine Works
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Hamilton-Chattanooga
Materials
bills of lading
business letters
copies
envelopes
invoices
postcards
stamps (exchange media)

Box.Folder 38.0018

Henry White, United Garment Workers of America, 1899 - 1902 (9 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Henry White, United Garment Workers of America. New York, N.Y. October 28, 1899- Sent pictures to Dr. Schenck of their trip through Northern Mississippi.

January 11, 1900- White will send Adirondacks views taken by his brother. He read Dr. Schenck's "Economic Forestry" and is giving it to friends. Colonel Cooper was very excited about the National Park project. White sending proceedings of the Chicago Trust Conference.

February 10, 1900- White is sad to witness the destruction of forests. He believes the average citizen is too busy for forest conservation and the government should do it. White says the Government can preserve the forests but they are sometimes only interested in politics. White thinks Dr. Schenck needs some powerful advocates. Maybe he could attract attention with an article in a popular magazine.

December 10, 1902- White sent Dr. Schenck a copy of his address to the annual meeting of the Civic Federation.

November 1902- White asks Dr. Schenck to speak at the meeting of the American Economic Association.

November 11, 1902- Letter to Henry White from the President of the American Economic Association. The program is completed and Dr. Schenck will not be able to speak this year.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
White, Henry
Corporate Names
United Garment Workers of America
Geographical Terms
New York-New York
Subjects
Forest conservation--Citizen participation
Forest conservation--Law and legislation
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0019

Z. W. Whitehead, Editor and General Manager, The Southern Lumber Journal, 1898 - 1909 (11 sheets)

Correspondence from Z. W. Whitehead, Editor and General Manager, The Southern Lumber Journal. Wilmington, N.C. February 28, 1898- E. J. Harding subscribed to "The Southern Milling and Lumber Journal."

March 26, 1898- Will publish Dr. Schenck's address before the N.C. Forestry Society at Newbern in the next "The Southern Milling and Lumber Journal."

July 30, 1900- Whitehead would like to show Dr. Schenck the large Southern Pine Lumber Mills near there. He enjoyed reading Dr. Schenck's letter to a New York Lumber paper. Whitehead says they had some important meetings of the South Atlantic Lumber Association. He would like Dr. Schenck to speak about forestry at a future meeting.

June 26, 1905- Wishes Dr. Schenck to address the N.C. Press Association at their Asheville meeting. Whitehead's publication is now called "The Southern Lumber Journal."

March 26, 1906- Whitehead writes Dr. Schenck from Washington D.C. He is there to advocate the $2 lumber tariff. References to the new tariff bill and the Dingley bill. Whitehead would like a group of Southern lumbermen to meet with the senators from their representative states and encourage the delegates. Disappointed in the Democrats in Congress.

March 29, 1909- Dr. Schenck's thoughts on the tariff legislation and values of stumpage.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Whitehead, Z. W.
Publications
The Southern Lumber Journal
The Southern Milling and Lumber Journal
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
North Carolina-New Hanover-Wilmington
Subjects
Forests and forestry--United States--Law and legislation
Tariff on wood products
Materials
business letters
copies
telegrams

Box.Folder 38.0020

Whiting Lumber Company, 1896 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from Whiting Lumber Company of Philadelphia, PA. September 4, 1896- William S. Whiting gives advice on running a lumber mill. He says a good mill must employ a Millwright.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Whiting Lumber Co.
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Subjects
Sawmills
Materials
business letters
notes

Box.Folder 38.0021

Wm. Whitmer & Sons, Manufacturers of Lumber, 1896, 1906, 1908 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from Wm. Whitmer & Sons, Manufacturers of Lumber. Philadelphia, PA. They purchased Chestnut lumber from the Biltmore Lumber Company.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Wm. Whitmer & Sons, Manufacturers of Lumber
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 38.0022

H. E. Whitmire, No date, 1905 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from H. E. Whitmire of Davidson River, N.C. July 22, [1904?]- Made a preliminary investigation of timber at Clawhammer Cove and part of [Narthly?] Slope of Averys Creek.

Hauled logs.

Attended court four days, was paid witness fees and milage.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Whitmire, H. E.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Avery Creek
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Subjects
Forest surveys
Materials
business letters
invoices
lists

Box.Folder 38.0023

J. E. Whitmire, 1899 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from J. E. Whitmire. [Jeptha?], N.C. February and March 1899- He wrote about the Seniard land at Davidson's River. Said his brother-in-law, J. M. Morgan, would also sell his interests in the land. Possible trade for tracts 70 and 71.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Morgan, J. M.
Whitmire, J. E.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0024

Baxter D. Whitney & Son, Wood Working Machinery, 1896, 1906, 1909 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Baxter D. Whitney & Son, Wood Working Machinery. Winchendon, MA. July 10, 1906- They will not be able to send a sales representative to do a series of lectures at Biltmore Forest School, as Dr. Schenck suggested.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Baxter D. Whitney & Son, Wood Working Machinery
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Worcester-Winchendon
Materials
business letters
form letters

Box.Folder 38.0025

C. L. Whitney, 1895, 1896 (19 sheets)

Correspondence from C. L. Whitney. Pink Beds, N.C. and Big Creek, N.C. November 19, 1895- List of provisions ordered and provisions needed. Writing from Big Creek, N.C..

More on provisions needed, contracts and logging.

January 13, 1896- F. H. Cogburn's working hours. Whitney sending contracts to Dr. Schenck.

January 17, 1896- Appears to be a bill of lumber for Stuart + Moore.

January 21, 1896- "Will begin to log up the dam tomorrow.." The ground is so frozen that none of the contractors have been able to get logs down the creek.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Whitney, Charles L.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Logging
Timber--Rafting
Materials
business letters
invoices
lists
purchase orders

Box.Folder 38.0026

E. L. and C. L. Whittaker, 1904, 1905, 1909 (12 sheets)

Correspondence to and from E. L. and C. L. Whittaker of Horse Shoe, N.C. Dr. Schenck considered a land deal and bark trade with them. Includes, "Chestnut Oak Bark Tallied by Leory [sic?] O'Kelly Near Soapstone Gap And On Hogback Mountain At The Head Of Singard Creek For C. L. Whitaker In March 1909."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Whittaker, C. L.
Whittaker, E. L.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Henderson-Horse Shoe
North Carolina-Henderson-Mills River
Materials
business letters
copies
lists

Box.Folder 38.0027

John P. Whittaker, 1901, 1904 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from John P. Whittaker. Pink Bed, N.C. September 17, 1900- Whittaker read that George Vanderbilt was to begin suit for possession of some land that he held. The land was granted by the State to B. H. West in 1889, from West to J. C. Hall and from Hall to Whittaker. West still had some mineral interests in the land. Whittaker writes he would sell the land to George Vanderbilt. He asks McNamee to remember that he was the only man on Big Creek that did not claim damage from the splash dam. Marked [Tract] 266.

Letters on the land compromise.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
McNamee, Charles
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Whittaker, J. P.
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0028

Marion C. Whittaker, 1898 - 1904 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from Marion C. Whittaker. Pink Bed, N.C. and Horse Shoe, N.C. December 22, 1899- Whittaker tells McNamee that George Vanderbilt's deer are being poached around Funnel Top.

No date; August 29, 1904 and November 21, 1904- Letters concerning change in the public road near Sycamore Church property.

January 23, 1903- He and G. W. Bowen did teaming for Dr. Schenck. On the back of the note is an illustrated advertisement for 'Favorite Prescription' which was said to aid women's gynecological and obstetrical needs.

January 19, 1903- Proposition on ending the road from Stuarts to Angeline.

Statement of costs in trespassing and fishing case of State and Will Case Vs. Henry Robinson. Statement of costs in trespassing and fishing case of State and Will Case Vs. Rufus Robinson. Statement of costs in trespassing and fishing case of State and Will Case Vs. J. W. Howell. The alleged trespasses were on Big Creek. Whittaker signed as J.P.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Case, Will
Howell, J. W.
McNamee, Charles
Robinson, Henry
Robinson, Rufus
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Henderson-Horse Shoe
Subjects
Advertising--Drugs
Mountain roads
Trespass
Materials
advertisements
business letters
lists

Box.Folder 38.0029

S. J. Whittaker, 1907, 1909 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from S. J. Whittaker of Horse Shoe, N.C. It appears he sold timber to and purchased timber from Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Whittaker, S. J.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Henderson-Horse Shoe
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards
receipts

Box.Folder 38.0030

C. S. Whittier, 1897, 1898 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from C. S. Whittier. Ecusta, N.C. and Sapphire, N.C. August 29, 1897- He was searching for ginseng. He hired workers to help him search. He found that someone had already gathered some of the ginseng.

Questions on leasing land from Biltmore Estate through Dr. Schenck.

August 13, 1898- Reports that ginseng was stolen.

September 1, 1898- Will send pine cones to Dr. Schenck. He offers to collect walnuts, acorns and hickory nuts.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Whittier, C. S.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Ecusta
North Carolina-Transylvania-Sapphire
Subjects
Ginseng
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0031

George P. Whittlesey, Recording Secretary, American Forestry Association, 1897, 1898, 1904 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from George P. Whittlesey, Recording Secretary, American Forestry Association. Washington D.C. June 19, 1897- Inquires if a group attending a convention might stop at Biltmore to see the Estate and hear a presentation by Dr. Schenck.

Planning for the trip.

July 22, 1897- Many members of the traveling group will be women.

September 11, 1897- There are 19 people signed up for the stop at Biltmore, including six women.

November 29, 1898- Dr. Schenck was appointed to a committee to communicate with the National Forest Association of Germany. Pinchot was the chairman of the committee and Col. French was a member.

February 26, 1904- Received Dr. Schenck's "Lectures on Forests Policy." He was surprised at how many eastern states use irrigation.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Whittlesey, George P.
Corporate Names
American Forestry Association
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
Subjects
Forests and forestry--United States--History
Irrigation
Tours
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0032

A. Wicker, 1897 - 1906 (14 sheets)

Correspondence from A. Wicker in Grange, N.C.; Buena Vista, N.C. and Biltmore, N.C. August 26, 1897- Estimate to build a trail on Little Pisgah.

January 7, 1898- Will make a wood contract.

October 24, 1898- Will accept a position as a Ranger.

May 10, 1905- Need a lease for J. H. [Britter?], who lives in the Curtis house on the Penland place.

May 31, 1905- Need a lease for the pasture for Alex Sharp's cattle. Jas. P. Patton signed a contract to cut wood.

June 16, 1905- Need leases for cattle on the Walker place.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Patton, Jas. P.
Wicker, A.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Forest rangers
Landlord and tenant
Trails--Design and construction
Materials
business letters
copies
receipts

Box.Folder 38.0033

B. L. Wiggins, Vice-Chancellor's Office, The University of the South, 1898 - 1899 (22 sheets)

Correspondence from B. L. Wiggins, Vice-Chancellor's Office, The University of the South. Sewanee, TN. November 14, 1898- Pinchot wrote that Dr. Schenck would reach Sewanee in a few days.

December 8, 1898- Waiting for the contracts Dr. Schenck mailed. Wiggins sending information on freight rates, prices of timber and rainfall over the past year.

Wiggins and Dr. Schenck visiting.

March 17, 1899- Wiggins hopes Dr. Schenck will bring Mr. Pinchot to Sewanee with him.

March 21, 1899- Wiggins hopes Dr. Schenck will bring Mr. Price to Sewanee with him.

July 10, 1899- Wiggins explained [Dr. Schenck's?] report to a special committee of their Board of Trustees.

July 19, 1899- Wiggins will be glad to receive Dr. Schenck's report, even if it is not final.

July 21, 1899- Wiggins will bring Dr. Schenck's suggestions on forestry work before the Board of Trustees.

September 25, 1899- "When Mr. Pinchot makes his report I hope that you will come to Sewanee with Mrs. Schenck and discuss the plan of operation."

November 20, 1899- Pinchot did not complete the working plan but work can still be done in the woods.

November 24, 1899- Wiggins would be glad to have a Biltmore Forest School student there if Dr. Schenck could think of a way to pay his salary.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Price, Overton W.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wiggins, B. L.
Corporate Names
University of the South
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Franklin-Sewanee
Subjects
Forests and forestry--Tennessee--Management
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0034

B. L. Wiggins, Vice-Chancellor's Office, The University of the South, 1900 - 1904 (10 sheets)

Correspondence from B. L. Wiggins, Vice-Chancellor's Office, The University of the South. Sewanee, TN. January 1, 1900- Wiggins very impatient to begin practical operations.

March 26, 1900- Wiggins received a basket of white pines from Dr. Schenck.

August 8, 1900- The pines are doing well.

August 16, 1900- Wiggins received Dr. Schenck's "Some Business Problems of American Forestry." He saw Percy Brown.

March 25, 1901- Wiggins received Dr. Schenck's "The Commercial Side of Governmental and Private Forestry." Asks Dr. Schenck to give a lecture on Forestry in Sewanee.

December 14, 1904- Wiggins asks for help on a presentation he was asked to make.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wiggins, B. L.
Corporate Names
University of the South
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Franklin-Sewanee
Subjects
Forests and forestry--Tennessee--History
White pine
Materials
bills of lading
business letters
stamps (exchange media)

Box.Folder 38.0035

S. D. Wilcox, Secretary, Vice-Chancellor's Office, The University of the South, 1899 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from S. D. Wilcox, Secretary, Vice-Chancellor's Office, The University of the South. Sewanee, TN. July 10, 1899- The Vice-Chancellor needs Dr. Schenck's report as soon as possible. It must be presented to the Board of Trustees, who will meet on the 27th.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wiggins, B. L.
Wilcox, S. D.
Corporate Names
University of the South
Geographical Terms
Tennessee-Franklin-Sewanee
Subjects
Forests and forestry--Tennessee--Management
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0036

John Wiley & Sons, Scientific Publishers, 1904 - 1908 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from John Wiley & Sons, Scientific Publishers. New York, N.Y. September 28, 1903- Sent a copy of Green's "American Forestry."

February 29, 1904- Shipped Snow's "Principal Species of Wood."

September 28, 1906- Mr. Graves sent Dr. Schenck a copy of his work on Forest Mensuration.

June 9, 1908- Will send Schwarz's "Longleaf Pine in Virgin Forest."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Graves, Henry Solon, 1871-1951.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Schwarz, G. Frederick (George Frederick), b. 1868.
Corporate Names
John Wiley & Sons
Geographical Terms
New York-New York
Subjects
Publishing
Materials
business letters
form letters
postcards

Box.Folder 38.0037

M. B. Wilkinson & Co. Hardwood Lumber, 1896, 1904 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from M. B. Wilkinson & Co. Hardwood Lumber of Asheville, N.C. They offered to sell land to George Vanderbilt through Charles McNamee. They considered purchasing Biltmore lumber.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
M. B. Wilkinson & Co. Hardwood Lumber
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0038

E. Langdon Wilks, No date, 1903 - 1904 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from E. Langdon Wilks. Knollacre, Victoria, Asheville, N.C. He rented a house from George Vanderbilt. He wanted shooting privileges on different areas of Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Wilks, E. Langdon
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Hunting leases
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0039

E. Langdon Wilks, 1905 - 1909 (19 sheets)

Correspondence from E. Langdon Wilks. Knollacre, Victoria, Asheville, N.C. January 8, 1905- Plans for raising/getting pheasants.

References to Ranger Bradley.

April 14, 1909- Copy of a letter from Dr. Schenck to Wilks. He says Harvey Jones and George Jones suffered more damage than George Vanderbilt in the recent fires. The newspapers exaggerated the story and many people wrote to Dr. Schenck to express sympathy and friendship.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Bradley
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Wilks, E. Langdon
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Forest fires
Forest rangers
Hunting leases
Materials
business letters
copies
notes
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 38.0040

D. Allen Willey, 1908 - 1909 (13 sheets)

Correspondence from D. Allen Willey. Biltmore, N.C. and Baltimore, Maryland. He took pictures of Biltmore Estate. May 7, 1909- Dr. Schenck remembers Willey's articles about different industries on Biltmore Estate. Dr. Schenck appreciates the attention he drew to the need to prevent forest fires. Gives his opinion on the importance of controlling forest fires. He says white pine and hemlock are the most susceptible of the regional trees to fire. More information on fire's effects on different types of trees. He writes that Biltmore Estate is victim to people who set fire out of grudges. Writes about the importance of ground litter in forests. Dr. Schenck says he would rather have a fire patrol in the Appalachian Mountains, as opposed to an Appalachian park.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Willey, D. Allen
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Geographical Terms
Maryland-Baltimore
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Forest fires--Prevention and control
Materials
business letters
copies
notes

Box.Folder 38.0041

Allan B. Williams, Secretary, Estate of Frank W. Higgins, 1908 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from Allan B. Williams, Secretary, Estate of Frank W. Higgins. Olean, N.Y. He wrote to settle Mrs. Higgins' account.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Williams, Allan B.
Geographical Terms
New York-Cattaraugus-Olean
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0042

Asa S. Williams, 1902, 1904 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from Asa S. Williams. September 8, 1902- Writes that he and W. D. Sterrett are senior students at Yale Forest School and the New York State College of Forestry. They are studying white pine near Biltmore and would like to visit the Estate.

November 26, 1902- Writing from Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. as Editor of "Forestry Quarterly."

June 12, 1904- Writing from Berlin Mills CO. in Berlin, N.H. He would like "Lectures on Forest Policy."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Sterrett, W. D.
Williams, Asa. S.
Corporate Names
Cornell University
Yale University. School of Forestry
Publications
Forestry Quarterly
Geographical Terms
New Hampshire-Coos-Berlin
New York-Tompkins-Ithaca
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 38.0043

R. A. & J. J. Williams Company, 1908 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from R. A. & J. J. Williams Company of Philadelphia, PA. They considered buying poplar lumber from Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
R. A. & J. J. Williams Company
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Materials
business letters
copies
estimates
postcards

Box.Folder 38.0044

Williams-Brownell Planing Mill Co., 1907, 1908 (44 sheets)

Correspondence from Williams-Brownell Planing Mill Co. of Asheville, N.C. They purchased poplar lumber from Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Williams-Brownell Planing Mill Co.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
bills of lading
business letters
copies
forms (documents)
lists
postcards
price lists

Box.Folder 39.0001

Jas. M. Williams, 1909 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from Jas. M. Williams of Clyde, N.C. He considered buying stumpage from George Vanderbilt's land in Buncombe County, N.C.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Williams, Jas. M.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe
North Carolina-Haywood-Clyde
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 39.0002

Dr. John Hey Williams, 1904 - 1906 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from Dr. John Hey Williams of Asheville, N.C. Dr. Schenck sent him a fishing permit.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Williams, John Hey
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
permits
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0003

Mrs. Lydia P. Williams, President, Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs, 1900 - 1905 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from Mrs. Lydia P. Williams, President, Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs. Minneapolis, MN. August 14, 1900- Asked Dr. Schenck to give an address at their annual meeting.

August 22, 1900- Thanks Dr. Schenck for agreeing to make the presentation.

No date- Form letter from Williams to the Club-Women of Minnesota. She says they are 5,000 members strong. She lists actions each club should take to work in securing a Park.

October 2, 1905- The Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs is forming a traveling library on arboriculture and scientific forestry. It will have 50 works. They would like to include one of Dr. Schenck's works on forestry.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Williams, Lydia P.
Corporate Names
Minnesota Federation of Women's Clubs
Geographical Terms
Minnesota-Hennepin-Minneapolis
Subjects
Forest conservation
Forests and forestry--Minnesota--History
Women--Societies and clubs
Materials
business letters
form letters

Box.Folder 39.0004

Ed C. Wilson, 1899 - 1903 (21 sheets)

Correspondence from Ed C. Wilson of Brevard, N.C. December 21, 1899- Wilson, Manager of Brevard Lumber CO. Mr. Deaver told them not to cut lumber on his lands.

October 6, no year- Had hoped to get black bass from George Vanderbilt. Wilson writing on letterhead of The Toxaway Company.

December 18, 1901- Bridges were washed away on Bradley's Creek Road. They need them replaced to finish sawing at the two yards on Bradley's Creek.

Wilson had a possible buyer for George Vanderbilt's Gloucester lands.

October 2, 1903- Wilson writing for the Transylvania Railroad Company. Dr. Schenck said he would deed or lease them a piece of land along the switch where things can be loaded. References to depot building in Pisgah Forest.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Wilson, Ed. C.
Corporate Names
Brevard Lumber Company
Transylvania Railroad Company
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Bradley Creek
North Carolina-Transylvania-Brevard
Subjects
Mountain roads
Materials
business letters
telegrams

Box.Folder 39.0005

H. M. Wilson, Chief Geographer, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, 1896 - 1900 (9 sheets)

Correspondence from H. M. Wilson, Chief Geographer, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey. Washington D.C. Wilson introduced typographer, Glenn S. Smith.

February 23, 1897- W. L. Miller began office work on the Pisgah Forest Map. Wilson said the work should be completed in May and photographs or photolithographs would be sent to Dr. Schenck.

February 26, 1898- Wilson sent "15 copies, on the original field scale, of the topographic survey of Pisgah Forest made in cooperation between this Bureau and the State Geologist of North Carolina."

April 29, 1898- Wilson sent a photograph of the re-survey of the Pisgah Atlas Sheet. The Sheet will be sent to an engraver.

December 26, 1899- Wilson sent Dr. Schenck five copies of the Survey's Pisgah sheet. He said the Pisgah sheet "is on a much smaller scale than was your special forest map."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Miller, W. L.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Smith, Glenn S.
Wilson, Herbert M. (Herbert Michael), 1860-1920.
Corporate Names
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Forest mapping
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--Pisgah National Forest--History
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 39.0006

James I. M. Wilson & Company, 1904 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from James I. M. Wilson & Company, Pittsburgh, PA. They arranged for C. A. Schenck & Co. to send an estimator to Debar & Copeland at Weston, West Virginia.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
C. A. Schenck and Company
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Allegheny-Pittsburgh
West Virginia-Lewis-Weston
Subjects
Forest surveys
Materials
business letters
notes
telegrams

Box.Folder 39.0007

The Wilson Lumber Co. Limited, No date, 1904, 1908 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from The Wilson Lumber Co. Limited. Toronto, Canada and Cincinnati, Ohio. Non-dated- Clipping of an advertisement which states they buy hardwood lumber.

October 21, 1904- Writing from Head Office in Toronto, Canada. They inquire about C. A. Schenck & Co. estimating timber for them in West Virginia.

1908- Writing from Cincinnati, Ohio. They considered buying poplar box boards from The Biltmore Estate Forestry Department.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
The Wilson Lumber Co. Limited
Geographical Terms
Canada-Ontario-Toronto Metropolitan Area
Ohio-Hamilton-Cincinnati
Materials
advertisements
business letters
clippings
copies

Box.Folder 39.0008

Mary L. Wilson, 1905 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Mary L. Wilson of Skyland, N.C. She wrote about Malcolm Rice, son of Mrs. L. McRee Rice, as he enrolled in Biltmore Forest School.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Rice, Lilian [McKeen?]
Rice, Malcolm
Wilson, Mary L.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Skyland
Materials
personal correspondence
postcards

Box.Folder 39.0009

P. M. Wilson, 1905 - 1907 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from P. M. Wilson of Wausau, WI. April 28, 1905 and June 20, 1905- Wilson considers attending Biltmore Forest School, which he heard of from Mylrea and Gooding. His father was in the lumber business.

April 4, 1907- Wilson and his father decided he should remain at home [as opposed to taking a job for which Dr. Schenck recommended him?].

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Gooding, E. A.
Mylrea, Jack K.
Wilson, P. M.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Geographical Terms
Wisconsin-Marathon-Wausau
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 39.0010

A. H. Winchester, 1896 - 1898 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from A. H. Winchester of Buckhannon, West Virginia. He recommended men to Dr. Schenck for various jobs in lumber operations.

October 21, 1897- Winchester is interested in Dr. Schenck's works. He writes of his own recognition in lumber circles.

Winchester suggested using the Delta region of the Mississippi River for forest preservation.

February 28, 1898- Advice on rafting oak with poplar logs.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Winchester, A. H.
Geographical Terms
West Virginia-Upshur-Buckhannon
Subjects
Forest conservation
Lumbering
Timber--Rafting
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 39.0011

Kingsland Van Winkle, 1907 (1 sheet)

Letter from Kingsland Van Winkle of Asheville, N.C. He offered to sell land to George Vanderbilt for some clients.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Van Winkle, Kingsland
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 39.0012

The Winyah Sanitarium for Diseases of the Lungs and Throat, 1898 - 1907 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from The Winyah Sanitarium for Diseases of the Lungs and Throat. Asheville, N.C. February 3, 1898- They saw Dr. Schenck's advertisement for firewood in ["The Asheville] Citizen["]. They wanted dry wood. They purchased firewood from Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
The Winyah Sanitarium for Diseases of the Lungs and Throat
Publications
The Asheville Daily Citizen (Citizen Company)
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 39.0013

George Wirt, 1900 - 1902 (17 sheets)

Correspondence from George Wirt in Harrisburg, PA. July 31, 1900- Wirt coming to Biltmore Forest School.

April 12, 1901- Wirt misses Biltmore Forest School. He began work in Harrisburg, PA with Dr. Rothrock. Wirt later became Pennsylvania State Forester.

May 17, 1901- Wirt returned home from a two weeks camp in a reserve in the north central part of the State. He says lumbermen and fire took most of the timber there. But the soil is good and Wirt plans for reforestation there.

June 20, 1901- Wirt wrote an article on raising forest trees from seeds for the next "Forestry Report." He is writing on Forest Finance. He will go to Pike County in the northeastern part of the State to do surveying around the reserve there.

June 6, 1901- Dr. Rothrock wished to thank Dr. Schenck for sending "Forestry for Kentucky."

September 23,1901- Wirt asks if Dr. Schenck has white pine seedling for sell.

September 3, 1902- Wirt enjoys working with Dr. Rothrock. Wirt set out 5,000 two-year-old white pine in the spring. They were doing good. Wirt taught inexperienced men to plant them. Wirt also planted 10,000 one-year-old white pine seedlings. They did not do as well. Wirt will soon begin improvement cuttings on firewood.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Rothrock, Joseph T., 1839-1922.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wirt, George
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Dauphin-Harrisburg
Subjects
Forests and forestry--Pennsylvania--History
Forests and forestry--Pennsylvania--Management
Reforestation
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0014

George Wirt, 1903 - 1904 (22 sheets)

Correspondence from George Wirt. Harrisburg, PA and Mont Alto, PA. May 12, 1903- Wirt mentioned Dr. Schenck at a lecture he delivered in Philadelphia. Wirt says he has a complete library of American literature on Forestry. Wirt believes Dr. Schenck did more than anyone "toward winning the lumbermen to the side of forestry." Wirt doing nursery work and raising white pine. He tells of the white pine plantation he planted last year.

October 27, 1903- Wirt says he has studied American Forestry literature for two years and Dr. Schenck's "practical, business forestry" is the best for America. He would be happy to have a Bachelor of Forestry degree from Biltmore Forest School.

November 5, 1903- Asks for recommendations on measuring tools.

November 28, 1903- Wirt received his diploma.

December 26, 1903- Wirt would like to visit Biltmore on his vacation.

February 8, 1904- Wirt got a raise but he feels he needs more experience at his job. He asks for Dr. Schenck's advice.

Requesting literature from Dr. Schenck.

April 11, 1904- Wirt's father passed away. He will not take a vacation.

April 27, 1904- Wirt writes of his spring work and the types of plants he is planting.

June 6, 1904- Wirt received Dr. Schenck's advice on nursery work. He said they only had one fire on the Reservation and it did little damage. Wirt says the Pennsylvania State Forest Academy cannot admit students from outside the State.

August 30, 1904- Biltmore Forest School Alumni Association matters. Wirt learned that he will not get an assistant forester or an instructor to help him at the Pennsylvania State Forest Academy. They will get the first returns from improvement cuttings that autumn. The Commission is now supportive of improvement cuttings. They have about one million plants in the nursery.

October 25, 1904- Wirt back from [World's?] Fair. He was disappointed with the forestry exhibits.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wirt, George
Corporate Names
Pennsylvania Department of Forestry
Pennsylvania State Forest Academy
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Dauphin-Harrisburg
Pennsylvania-Franklin-Mont Alto
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--History
Forestry schools and education--North Carolina--History
Forestry schools and education--Pennsylvania--History
Forests and forestry--Pennsylvania--History
Forests and forestry--Pennsylvania--Management
Forests and forestry--United States--History
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0015

George Wirt, 1905 - 1906 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from George Wirt. Mont Alto, PA. Wirt was writing as the State Forester and from the Pennsylvania State Forest Academy. April 12, 1905- Wirt says he was reappointed at his station for an indefinite time.

November 22, 1906- Ordered Dr. Schenck's book on Utilization, Mensuration and Sylviculture.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wirt, George
Corporate Names
Pennsylvania Department of Forestry
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Franklin-Mont Alto
Subjects
Forestry schools and education--Pennsylvania--History
Forests and forestry--Pennsylvania--History
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0016

Wistar, Underhill & Company, Wholesale Lumber Merchants, 1908 (22 sheets)

Correspondence from Wistar, Underhill & Company, Wholesale Lumber Merchants. Philadelphia, PA. They wanted to purchase poplar lumber from Biltmore Estate but there was no stock to fill their orders.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Wistar, Underhill & Company
Geographical Terms
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia
Materials
business letters
copies
estimates
invoices

Box.Folder 39.0017

C. C. Wood, Superintendent, Plymouth Rock Trout Co., 1898 - 1899 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from C. C. Wood, Superintendent, Plymouth Rock Trout Co. Plymouth, MA. They sold trout eggs to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Wood, C. C.
Corporate Names
Plymouth Rock Trout Co.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Plymouth-Plymouth
Subjects
Fisheries
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 39.0018

R. E. Wood., 1904 - 1908 (20 sheets)

Correspondence from R. E. Wood of Baltimore, Maryland. June 18, 1906- Wood going to Lake Toxaway to discuss the desire for reduced freight rates with the freight department of the Southern Railway Company.

June 20, 1906- Clerks at the Asheville Branch of R. E. Wood Lumber Co. believe the meeting between the Southern Railway Company's freight officials and the Lake Toxaway lumbermen is cancelled.

August 23, 1906- Letter from J. E. Defebaugh of "American Lumberman." R. E. Wood met with him while "planning an issue of bonds on his hardwood interests in your community." Defebaugh recommended Dr. Schenck for estimating the timber.

September 3 and 14, 1906- Wood requested a report on their timber.

Copy of contract between Dr. Schenck and R. E. Wood for estimating timber. Made September 19, 1906. Not signed. It appears the contract may not have been officially made.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Defebaugh, J. E.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Wood, R. E.
Corporate Names
C. A. Schenck and Company
Geographical Terms
Maryland-Baltimore
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Transylvania- Toxaway, Lake
Subjects
Forest surveys
Freight and freightage--Rates
Materials
business letters
contract awards
copies

Box.Folder 39.0019

T. W. Wood & Sons, Seed Growers & Merchants, 1901, 1905 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from T. W. Wood & Sons, Seed Growers & Merchants of Richmond, VA. Includes fliers and seed lists for their various seed and products.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
T. W. Wood & Sons, Seed Growers & Merchants
Geographical Terms
Virginia-Richmond
Materials
business letters
fliers (printed matter)
price lists

Box.Folder 39.0020

W. H. Woodbury, Wholesale Lumber, 1896, 1904, 1906 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from W. H. Woodbury, Wholesale Lumber of Bryson City, N.C. November 18, 1896- Applied for a job with Dr. Schenck. September 13, 1906- He sent the "Wetmore contract" to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
W. H. Woodbury, Wholesale Lumber
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Swain-Bryson City
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 39.0021

Charles W. Woolsey, 1896, 1901, 1906 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from Charles W. Woolsey. Dr. Schenck had [peonies?] sent to him from the woods. He ordered firewood from Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Woolsey, Charles W.
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 39.0022

John M. Woods & Co. Mahogany, Hardwood Lumber & Veneers, 1899, 1901 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from John M. Woods & Co. Mahogany, Hardwood Lumber & Veneers. East Cambridge, MA. March 18, 1899- Woods writes how he has been trying for years to show the need for "intelligent forestry management and legislation." He says most people interested in forestry are "educated and scientific men," yet he only has "an intense natural love for God's best gift to man." He has spoken before the American and New York Forestry Association and to the legislature.

April 3, 1899- Woods appreciates Dr. Schenck's commendation. He says that Dr. Schenck may use the presentation that he sent. Asks Dr. Schenck to speak at the annual meeting of the National Hardwood Lumber Association.

October 25, 1901- He mailed Dr. Schenck ten copies of his "The Forest and Its Uses."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Woods, John M.
Corporate Names
National Hardwood Lumber Association
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Middlesex-Cambridge
Subjects
Forest management--Law and legislation
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0023

W. D. Woods, Proprietor, Pee Dee Nursery, 1899, 1900 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from W. D. Woods, Proprietor, Pee Dee Nursery. Darlington, S.C. November 10, 1899- Dr. Schenck requested a copy of his article "calling attention to our rapidly disappearing forests." Woods says he is not a scientific botanist. Woods believes there will be "disastrous results" if forests are destroyed. He is glad North Carolina has a forestry association. He hopes Dr. Schenck will work to do away with the fence law. He says South Carolina did away with the fence law about twenty years ago. Woods praises George Vanderbilt's efforts in forestry. Woods says he is starting in the nursery business. He will send Dr. Schenck some acorns of an oak that only grows in that area.

January 9, 1900- Woods says he dislikes large timber companies owning great tracts of land which they strip and leave bare. He wishes George Vanderbilt, however, owned more timber lands.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Woods, W. D.
Corporate Names
Pee Dee Nursery
Geographical Terms
South Carolina-Darlington-Darlington
Subjects
Fences--Law and legislation
Forest management--Law and legislation
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--Management
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0024

E. B. Woodward, General Commission Merchant, 1896 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from E. B. Woodward, General Commission Merchant. New York, New York. He wanted to sell English Fallow Deer to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Woodward, E. B.
Geographical Terms
New York-New York
Materials
business letters
postcards
telegrams

Box.Folder 39.0025

Woodward & Son, Lumber, 1904, 1908 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Woodward & Son, Lumber. Richmond, VA. They considered purchasing Biltmore lumber.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Woodward & Son
Geographical Terms
Virginia-Richmond
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards

Box.Folder 39.0026

Wm. M. Wright, 1896 - 1906 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from Wm. M. Wright of Hominy Creek, N.C. and Candler, N.C. February 3, 1896- Notice telling J. L. Moore not to trespass on his land at Wash Creek. Wright also wanted to sell land, rent a pasture and get a fishing permit at Big Creek.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Moore, J. L.
Wright, Wm. M.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
Materials
announcements
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 39.0027

Thos. B. Wyman, 1900 - 1904 (36 sheets)

Thos. B. Wyman. Bent Creek Range, N.C. November 2, 1900- Wyman writes that he is a student of Horticulture and Forestry at Ohio State University but he believes the course is incomplete and he would like information on Biltmore Forest School.

No date- Wyman will serve on the Biltmore Forest School Advisory Board. He approves of issuing degrees to students based on practical as well as scientific attainments. He agrees with prohibiting students from drinking at open bars.

July 18, 1904- Wyman's suggestions for editing copy of Biltmore Forest School catalog.

July 23, 1904- Wyman writing now from Bent Creek Range. He is trimming boundary lines there. He says Mr. Hamlet will establish the Ingram line. Lances are moving the Bent Creek Gap Trail and the Beaver Dam Trail.

August 3, 1904- Sketch of triangular piece of land above the Brewer place. George Vanderbilt and Ledbetter own the nearby land. Wyman checking on cuttings on the McBrayer, Lance and Hatch tracts.

August 6, 1904- Mr. Cooke of the Rees Co. will go over cuttings with Wyman at Bent Creek. References to proposed road on McBrayer land and land on Avery's Creek.

August 13, 1904- Recommendations for proposed road on the McBrayer tract. Notes on Ledbetter's land on Avery Creek.

August 21, 1904- Two trespassing cases.

September 19, 1904- Wyman conducting estimates with his crew.

November 5, 1904- Recommends using Irwin Lance as a trapper. Wyman's list of charges.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Hamlet, A. A.
Lance, Irwin
Wyman, Thomas B.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Avery Creek
North Carolina-Buncombe-Bent Creek
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--History
Surveying
Trespass
Materials
business letters
postcards
receipts
sketches

Box.Folder 39.0028

Thos. B. Wyman, 1905 (29 sheets)

Correspondence from Thos. B. Wyman. Bent Creek Range, N.C. and Negaunee, Michigan. March 8, 1905- Wyman thinks an association of past and present Biltmore Forest School students should be called "Schenck's Foresters." He offers to send white rabbits from Negaunee, Michigan, where he is working the woods. Interested in using tamarack for poles.

More Biltmore Forest School Advisory Board matters.

April 14, 1906- Wyman thinks Gaskill is disagreeable. Wyman will ship the rare hares at a good time. Wyman and Higgins are doing nursery work for The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Co. Wyman describes planting there and a plantation made by Higgins.

May 12, 1905- Gaskill disagreed with Wyman about wording in the Biltmore Forest School catalog. Wyman and Higgins are finishing forest planting. They are now planting cherry trees on cut over beech and maple land.

In several letters, Wyman tells how he and Higgins proposed a new policy for The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron CO. Wyman explains the chief considerations.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Gaskill, Alfred
Wyman, Thomas B.
Corporate Names
Cleveland-Cllifs Iron Co.
Geographical Terms
Michigan-Marquette-Negaunee
North Carolina-Buncombe-Bent Creek
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--Alumni and alumnae
Tree planting
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0029

Thos. B. Wyman, 1906 - 1908 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from Thos. B. Wyman in Negaunee, Michigan and Munising, Michigan. June 14, 1906- Wyman writing from the Munising District of The Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company. They had little problems with fire, most of it was caused by railroads.

November 15, 1906- Mr. Fiske was there examining insects.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Fiske, W. F.
Wyman, Thomas B.
Corporate Names
Cleveland-Cllifs Iron Co.
Geographical Terms
Michigan-Alger-Munising
Michigan-Marquette-Negaunee
Subjects
Forest fires
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 39.0030

Wysong & Miles Co., 1901 - 1908 (19 sheets)

Correspondence from Wysong & Miles Co. of Greensboro, N.C. They were representatives of J. A. Fay & Egan CO., Manufactures of Improved & Patented Wood Working Machinery.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Wysong & Miles Co.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Guilford-Greensboro
Subjects
Milling machinery
Materials
business letters
copies
telegrams