Finding Aid for Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series O


Collection Information


Abstract:
Series O of The Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records contains business and personal correspondence dated 1895 to 1909, predominately incoming correspondence collected and preserved by George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Office. Copies of outgoing correspondence, presumably letters written by Biltmore Estate Forest Manager, Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck are included. Series O contains a large percentage of letters to Dr. Schenck from Frederick Law Olmsted Junior. In addition, there are letters from the firm Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscaping Architects and the firm Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscaping Architects. The letters provide important information on landscaping of George Vanderbilt's properties in Western North Carolina. Series O also contains letters from the surveyor, F. E. Olmsted. Finally, Series O holds many letters from Biltmore Forest School students and prospective students, vendors wishing to sell goods and services, lumber merchants and buyers, persons requesting Dr. Schenck's publications and landowners communicating about the sale of tracts adjoining or within the boundaries of George Vanderbilt's lands.
Contact Information:
The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department,
Archives Division
1 North Pack Square
Asheville, North Carolina
28801 USA
Phone: (828) 225-6300
Fax: (828) 277-3454
URL: http://www.biltmore.comeMail: archives@biltmore.com
Processed by
Stephanie Gardner
Date Completed
2003
Encoded by
Stephanie Gardner
© 2003 The Biltmore Company. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Creator
Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Office
Title
Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series O, 1895 - 1909, 1896 - 1908, (Bulk)
Call Number
2/O
Extent
42 folders
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department, Archives Division.
Restrictions to Access
The Biltmore Company Archives are made available to selected researchers. Use with permission from The Biltmore Company, Asheville, North Carolina.
Acquisitions Information
Correspondence received by Doctor Carl Alwin Schenck during his career as Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager.
Preferred Citation
Series O, 1895 - 1909, Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department, Archives Division, Asheville, North Carolina
Copyright Notice
The Biltmore Company retains copyright of these materials.

Scope and Content Note

Like the other series in the Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series O documents the formation of scientific forestry across the world. Series O is a small but very important series as it contains a large percentage of letters from Frederick Law Olmsted Junior. He was a son of Frederick Law Olmsted, the noted landscaper who worked for George Vanderbilt in the establishment of Biltmore Estate. This series contains letters from the firm Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscaping Architects. This landscaping firm consisted of Frederick Law Olmsted, John Charles Olmsted and Charles Eliot. Warren H. Manning was the Superintendent of Planting. Edward D. Bolton was the Superintendent of Construction. They were based out of Brookline, Massachusetts. Frederick Law Olmsted corresponded with Dr. Schenck as a part of Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot from 1896 to1897.

In 1897 Frederick Law Olmsted wrote to Dr. Schenck as part of F. L. & J. C. Olmsted, Landscape Architects. Then, along with his step-brother, John Charles Olmsted, Frederick Law Olmsted Junior formed Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects. The company was located in Brookline, Mass. Frederick Law Olmsted corresponded with Dr. Schenck as a part of Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects from 1898 to1907.

Series O of the Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records also contains a group of letters from F. E. Olmsted. He was a surveyor working for Dr. Schenck. He later went to Germany to study forestry. F. E. Olmsted's letters range in date from 1895 to 1904.

Collection Organization

Records are filed by correspondent's last name in the case of individual persons. They are filed by company's name for institutions and businesses. It also appears that some clerks preferred to file records by the names of company's managers or agents. Therefore, one organization may be represented in the filing system by several letters depending on the variety of individuals' names within that particular group. In addition, miscellaneous manuscripts are filed in folders carrying a description of the material as a title.

Collection Arrangement

The documents have been arranged alphabetically by correspondents' name, and then, chronologically by date. This organization follows the records' original provenance, in that they were first filed in alphabetical order. It appears the original filing system consisted of placing newer records to the front of older ones, thus keeping working material up-to-date.

Online Catalog Terms

Personal Names
O'Kelley, Emma
O'Kelley, John
Oberholser, Harry C. (Harry Church), 1870-1963.
Olmsted, F. E.
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Buck Spring Lodge
Olmsted, Olmsted, and Eliot, 1893-1897.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--History
Forest surveys
Forestry consultants
Forestry schools and education--North Carolina--History
Forests and forestry--Finance
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--History
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--Management
Forests and forestry--United States--History
Landscape architectural firms
Materials
business letters
copies
notes
personal correspondence
postcards
telegrams

Related Material

Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records Collection | Series A | Series B | Series C | Series D | Series E | Series F | Series G | Series H | Series I | Series J | Series K | Series L | Series M | Series N | Series P | Series Q | Series R | Series S | Series T | Series U | Series V | Series W | Series XYZ | Series Additional Materials

Container List

Box.Folder 27.0001

Biltmore Forest School Inquiries and Applications, 1898 - 1906 (18 sheets)

March 8, 1898- A man was referred to Biltmore Forest School by Mr. Jack of the Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Jack, John G. (John George), 1861-1949.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 27.0002

Job Applicants, 1896 - 1907 (14 sheets)

Correspondence from individuals seeking employment from Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0003

Correspondence Regarding the Purchase of Products or Services, 1896 - 1908 (15 sheets)

September 10, 1906- A saw manufacturing company in New York City read in a trade paper that George Vanderbilt's plant was "destroyed by fire." They hope to sell him new saws. July 1908- Dr. Schenck ordered envelopes from Outlook Envelope Company of Chicago, IL.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Materials
advertisements
business letters
order forms
price lists

Box.Folder 27.0004

Correspondence Regarding Land Sales/Purchases, 1903 - 1909 (7 sheets)

January 13, 1903- Reverend P. P. Orr of Clotho, N.C. notes Turkey Creek property "has been used by all the churches but has been governed by the Baptist." Would like a deed made to the School Committee at Turkey Creek, with land "to be used as a Preaching Station."

January 30, 1903- Instead of sending the deed for Turkey Creek School House, Dr. Schenck sent a deed for land for a church in Gloucester Township. They could get no support for the school since they didn't have the deed. They had to stop school and will have to stop religious services for the winter.

February 4, [1909?]- Rev. Orr made the deed to Dr. Schenck for the Masidonia [sic] Church. Hopes to soon get the deed for Turkey Creek. Includes sketch of un-owned land adjoining Rev. Orr's and the Carnes' land.

Online Catalog Terms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Boylston Creek
North Carolina-Transylvania-Turkey Creek
Subjects
Mountain churches
Materials
business letters
postcards

Box.Folder 27.0005

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases. People and Companies as Customers or Potential Customers of Biltmore Lumber, 1908 (6 sheets)

This folder has records concerning people and companies as customers or potential customers of Biltmore lumber.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
copies
postcards

Box.Folder 27.0006

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases, 1896 (2 sheets)

This folder contains two letters about selling wood to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0007

People Selling Animals, July 1906 (1 sheet)

A man wants to sell a deer to Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0008

Materials from Biltmore Forest School, Including Correspondence from and Concerning Students, September 1902 (3 sheets)

September 25, 1902- Mrs. E. P. Ogden of Knoxville, TN. wants to know why her son, Biltmore Forest School student Ansel R. Ogden, does not reply to her letters.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0009

Requests for Copies of Dr. Schenck's Books and Pamphlets, January 1906 (1 sheet)

M. N. Offutt writes to express thanks for the literature sent to him by Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0010

Inquiries Regarding Passes, 1898, 1908 (6 sheets)

This folder includes requests to stay at the Pisgah lodge.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
copies

Box.Folder 27.0011

Correspondence from Employees and Contracted Laborers, 1901 - 1909 (8 sheets)

Miscellaneous correspondence concerning Dr. Schenck's employees and contracted laborers.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
copies
invoices
notes

Box.Folder 27.0012

Correspondence Relating to Community Issues, 1901 - 1906, non-dated (5 sheets)

May 18, 1906- M. J. Orr wants to have a Fourth of July Picnic and "Oldtime singing + union day" at the Davidson River. List of ministers to speak.

July 15, 1905- Orr thanks Dr. Schenck. The festival day was well attended and enjoyable. One feature was Orr's drum and picalo [piccolo?] music.

Online Catalog Terms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0013

Groups and Organizations, 1902 - 1908 (4 sheets)

July 22, 1905- Representative of Oregon Land and Water Company comments humorously on unionization and the length of the workweek. February 6, 1908- Dr. Schenck appears to have been a member of the Ohio State Forestry Society.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0014

General Requests to Dr. Schenck Regarding Forestry, 1902 - 1907 (9 sheets)

July 20, 1903- Request of a recommendation for Ernst Bruncken, who applied as superintendent [of forestry?] in Wisconsin. August 3, 1903- Schenck also recommended Mr. Gaskill as superintendent.

April 21, 1905- Non-signed letter suggests changes to Dr. Schenck's Forest Utilization Syllabus.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Bruncken, Ernest, 1865-1933.
Gaskill, Alfred
Subjects
Forests and forestry--Wisconsin
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0015

Miscellaneous, 1897 - 1907, non-dated (11 sheets)

May 24, 1897- A. H. Olmsted complains about the Golden Eagles and American Eagles "which Mally has in a little coop." Olmsted was distressed at the captivity of the rare eagles when taken to see them as part of a tour of the area.

August 9, 1902- Marion Olmsted of Deer Isle, Maine expresses sympathy for Dr. Schenck in his loss.

Online Catalog Terms
Subjects
Animal welfare
Materials
business letters
notes
personal correspondence
postcards
receipts
telegrams

Box.Folder 27.0016

Charles E. Oak, State of Maine, Land Office and Office of Commissioners of Inland Fisheries and Game, 1897, 1899 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Charles E. Oak, State of Maine, Land Office and Office of Commissioners of Inland Fisheries and Game. Augusta, Maine. December 2, 1897- Thanks Dr. and Mrs. Schenck for their hospitality. He will provide fish spawn, especially of the Brown Trout.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Oak, Charles E.
Geographical Terms
Maine-Kennebec-Augusta
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0017

Harry C. Oberholser, Biological Survey, Department of Agriculture, 1904 - 1907 (21 sheets)

Correspondence from Harry C. Oberholser, Biological Survey, Department of Agriculture. Washington D.C. September 2, 1904- Taught a course on Zoology at Biltmore Forest School the previous summer.

March 31, 1905- Hopes to teach at Biltmore Forest School again in the summer. Needs information on beaver and otter occurrences for the pamphlet he is writing on North Carolina birds and mammals.

May 9, 1905- Looking forward to coming to Pink Beds in July. Needs information on fox squirrel, mink and wildcat.

June 3 and 18, 1905- Needs to know printing details for his list on N.C. birds and mammals. Dr. Schenck will use the list.

August 10, 1905- Taught another Zoology class at Biltmore Forest School that summer. Wants altitudes of places where skins were collected for George Vanderbilt.

September 12, 1905- List is in a second printing.

October 6, 1905- Sent copies of the list and cost of printing to Dr. Schenck.

September 5, 1906- Taught Zoology again during the summer.

May 4, 1907- Sad to hear that Biltmore Forest School is in poor financial shape. He offers to lecture for free if travel expenses are paid.

July 27, 1907- Returning exams after teaching at Biltmore Forest School earlier in the summer.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Oberholser, Harry C. (Harry Church), 1870-1963.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Zoology teachers
Zoology--North Carolina
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0018

A. R. Ogburn, 1901 - 1903 (8 sheets)

Correspondence from A. R. Ogburn. Asheville, N.C. George Vanderbilt contracted with him to plant large numbers of apple trees and pear trees.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Ogburn, A. R.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Tree planting
Materials
business letters
lists

Box.Folder 27.0019

Emma O'Kelley, 1904, 1905 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from Emma O'Kelley. Candler, N.C. She sent meteorological reports to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
O'Kelley, Emma
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0020

John O'Kelley, April - July 1905 (31 sheets)

Correspondence from Ranger John O'Kelley. Candler, N.C. April 14, 1905- List of skins collected by Tom Howell, Pink Smith and John O'Kelley.

May 6, 1905- Had offers to buy wool from the sheep.

May 29, 1905- "The Cogburns and others want to have the Buck Spring wagon road kept up by the public from Cogburns gate to Cruso."

June 10, 1905- Description of his location of work on Bradley Creek Road.

O'Kelley looking to buy a horse for Dr. Schenck.

June 24, 1905- Taylor & Schenck milldam was washed away.

July 5, 1905- People near Sycamore changed their road.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Howell, Tom
O'Kelley, John
Smith, Pink
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
North Carolina-Haywood-Cruso
Subjects
Forest rangers
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Materials
business letters
lists
notes
reports

Box.Folder 27.0021

John O'Kelley, August - September 1905 (16 sheets)

Correspondence from Ranger John O'Kelley. Candler, N.C. August 12, 1905- Location of D. M. Rochester land. M. Sitton is now in control of the Sycamore Road. The old road is now filled.

Using Buck Spring Road. Lists of monies received for various services.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
O'Kelley, John
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
Subjects
Forest rangers
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Materials
business letters
lists
reports

Box.Folder 27.0022

John O'Kelley, October - November 1905 (29 sheets)

Correspondence from Ranger John O'Kelley. Candler, N.C. Renting land, settling logging contracts and negotiating land purchases.

Lists of monies received for various services.

October 28, 1905- Report on putting up sheep for the winter.

November 12, 1905- Costs of Stuart + Schenck mill repairs.

Tom Howell and Pink Smith are raising turkeys. Tom Howell plans to claim damages for the injures he reported to have suffered from being thrown from a mule. George Vanderbilt was riding with him at the time of the accident.

November 25, 1905- "Christmas List."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Howell, Tom
O'Kelley, John
Smith, Pink
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
Subjects
Industrial accidents
Materials
business letters
lists
reports

Box.Folder 27.0023

John O'Kelley, 1905 - 1908 (22 sheets)

Correspondence from Ranger John O'Kelley. Candler, N.C. December 2, 1905- More on Tom Howell's accident. O'Kelley says that Howell, who was thrown by a mule, left the Lodge riding his horse.

December 16, 1905- Estimation of seeds for the vegetable garden at Buck Spring Lodge. The celery and onions did not do well.

January 6, 1906- Will not stay at Buck Spring Lodge as Ranger/Lodge Keeper for $60. He needs $75 a month. Appears to have done work as a Ranger during February 1908.

Non-dated notes about paying for Pink Smith's school expenses.

August 17, 1908- Letter from Mrs. John O'Kelley. Mr. O'Kelley passed away. She wanted to settle matters with Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Howell, Tom
O'Kelley, John
Smith, Pink
Corporate Names
Buck Spring Lodge
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Candler
Subjects
Forest rangers
Industrial accidents
Materials
business letters
lists
notes
reports

Box.Folder 27.0024

Leory O Kelley, 1904 - 1908 (12 sheets)

Correspondence from Leory O Kelley. Davidson's River, N.C. He hauled lumber for Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
O Kelley, Leory
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Materials
business letters
notes

Box.Folder 27.0025

Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects, 1898 (15 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects. January 17, 1898- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior asks Dr. Schenck's advice on buying a numbering hammer and Rhine wine.

January 18 and February 3, 1898- FLO Jr. thinks East Tennessee Lumber and Manufacturing Company's circulars contain false information.

January 27, 1898- Want cost of split-oak park paling that was proposed as fencing material at Biltmore.

February 6, 1898- E. T. L. & M. Co. sent an engineer to visit. FLO Jr. would like to visit their holdings.

February 18, 1898- Location of E. T. L. & M. Co.'s lands.

February 21, 1898- Mr. Sudworth did a cursory examination of E. T. L. & M. Co.'s lands and says some of their claims may be true.

February 28, 1898- FLO Jr. thinks E. T. L. & M. Co. is being deceptive about their timber yields. The numbers don't compare with what could be taken even from the Sequoias!

November 26, 1898- FLO Jr. recommends the Watkin clinometer and the prismatic compass.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
East Tennessee Lumber and Manufacturing Company
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
Subjects
Lumber trade
Surveying--Instruments
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0026

Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects, 1899 (20 sheets)

Correspondence to Carl Schenck from Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects of Brookline, MA. May 16, 1899- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior ordered a gift of bellows to show the warmth of his regard for Dr. and Mrs. Schenck's hospitality.

April 21, 1899- FLO Jr. asks Dr. Schenck to make a quotation on split-oak paling to R. S. Smith. They might be used at the Norton place.

August 2, 1899- Griffiths too young and too inexperienced for the work at hand, according to FLO Jr.

November 7, 1899- Lengthy letter detailing FLO Jr.'s opinions on the Adirondack Arbitration Case. Includes his thoughts on Pinchot's actions and the young United States Division of Forestry. He is somewhat nervous in his role of arbitrator and hopes that Dr. Schenck and Pinchot can continue to cooperate.

December 27, 1899- FLO Jr.'s advice on Dr. Schenck's work at WoodNorton.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Schenck, Mrs.
Corporate Names
Olmsted Brothers
United States. Division of Forestry
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0027

Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects, 1900 - 1901 (20 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. January 1, 1900- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior mentions he is sending a paper that he read at the meeting of the American Park and Outdoor Art Association.

January 15, 1900- Long letter from Frederick Law Olmsted Junior stating his opinions on whether the Landscape Department or Forestry Department of Biltmore Estate should remove "dying trees and overconspicuous [sic] standards near the main roads." He writes about division of labor on Biltmore Estate.

March- FLO Jr. asks if repairs are being made to surroundings at Woodcote.

April 20, 1900- FLO Jr. suggests the Glen Road or the Bass Pond road as possible entrance points, if the ridge southeast of the Bass Pond will be used as a pass for access to the crest of the ridge from Biltmore House. He mentions the planned location for the deer park fence.

April 20 and 27, 1901- FLO Jr. recommends building a road on the southwesterly side of Four Mile Branch.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Corporate Names
Olmsted Brothers
Woodcote
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
North Carolina-Buncombe-Fourmile Branch
Subjects
Roads--Design and construction
Roads--Maintenance and repair
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0028

Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects, 1903, 1904 (20 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. September 28, 1903- Long and important handwritten letter to Dr. Schenck from Frederick Law Olmsted Junior. FLO Jr. writes of how the Biltmore Estate Forestry Department is developing faster and will need more money than George Vanderbilt has resolved to finance. FLO Jr. writes of George Vanderbilt's motives and his goals of "building a lodge at Looking Glass," "possessing a continuous territory from Biltmore House to Davidson River and maintaining the best herbarium and botanical library in the Southern states." FLO Jr. tells Dr. Schenck that he must give George Vanderbilt practical forestry advice based on George Vanderbilt's finances, as opposed to Dr. Schenck promoting his own interests for Pisgah Forest. FLO Jr. gives Dr. Schenck personal advice and says that he must not give up at Biltmore and go to take a professorship in Germany. FLO Jr. also advises Dr. Schenck not to overstate things while communicating his wishes.

November 24, 1903- FLO Jr. thinks "Appalachia," the annual publication of the Appalachian Club, should run an article on Pisgah Forest.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Estate (Asheville, N.C.)
Looking Glass Lodge
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Forest management
Forests and forestry--Finance
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0029

Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects, 1905 (10 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. May 2, 1905- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior writes that Dr. Schenck's "Forest Utilization" pamphlet should have a complete alphabetical index. He also offers to help Dr. Schenck with "the occasional liberties you take with the English language.."

May 24, 1905- FLO Jr. writes of Edward Burnett being hired to review the accounting books and management of the Biltmore Estate Farm Department. FLO Jr. asks Dr. Schenck what kind of man he would want to do the same for the Forestry Department, if George Vanderbilt wished to hire someone for that purpose.

July 27, 1905- FLO Jr.'s letter of introduction for his nephew, Edward S. Bryant.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Bryant, Edward
Burnett, Edward
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Olmsted Brothers
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
Subjects
Forest management
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0030

Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects, 1906, 1907 (13 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. January 7, 1906- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior recommends Jack Adams as a Biltmore Forest School student. FLO Jr. writes of his work in California.

September 17, 1906- FLO Jr. writes upon receipt of a publication from Dr. Schenck. FLO Jr. believes that Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. would agree with Dr. Schenck's emphasis on Pinus mitis. Writes of his trip to the forests of Newfoundland and his nephew, Ned Bryant, a forestry student.

October 2, 1906- FLO Jr. sad to hear of Dr. Schenck's insomnia. He writes that he also suffers from it.

March 18, 1907- FLO Jr. recommends Dr. Schenck read "President Eliot's" speech to honor Carl Schurz.

April 19, 1907- FLO Jr. writes that he will move to San Francisco, CA. to become manager of the California Inspection District.

May 9, 1907- FLO Jr. writes about Dr. Schenck's formula for normal growing stock and his "funny little Schenckisms" in the "Forest Management" pamphlet.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Bryant, Edward
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Olmsted Brothers
Geographical Terms
Canada-Newfoundland
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0031

F. E. Olmsted, 1895, 1896 (21 sheets)

Correspondence from F. E. Olmsted. Pink Beds, N.C. and other locations. December 1, 1895- F.E.O. hears from his cousin, John Olmsted, that his position at Biltmore has been decided. He will be surveying.

References to making a triangulation and to Mr. Perkins.

March 6, 28, 1896- Writing from Pink Beds, N.C. He is surveying Hyman Knob. Gives the locations of his flags. Case and Ramseur are assisting him.

October 26, 1896- Writing from Cambridge, MA where he is studying forestry. He hopes to work-study in Germany in the next year. Glad to hear "little Jimmy Case" is at Buck Spring Lodge.

December 19, 1896- Wants to stay at Biltmore for the winter.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Case, James [Jimmy]
Olmsted, F. E.
Ramseur, H. M.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Middlesex-Cambridge
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Forest surveys
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0032

F. E. Olmsted, 1898 - 1904 (18 sheets)

Correspondence from F. E. Olmsted. January 20, 1898- Writing from Cambridge, MA. Glad to hear Dr. Schenck will establish a school of forestry at Biltmore.

Gives lists of University newspapers.

March 27, 1898- F.E.O. plans to go to Germany. Dr. Schenck gave him a letter of introduction to Sir Brandis.

February 26, 1899- F.E.O. gives details of his studies in Germany.

Non-dated portion of a letter with details on studying in Germany and reference to Brandis.

August 14, 1902- Writing from Washington D.C. as a U.S.D.A. Bureau of Forestry Field Assistant.

September 24, 1902- Writing as U.S.D.A. Bureau of Forestry Chief.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Brandis, Dietrich, Sir, 1824-1907.
Olmsted, F. E.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
United States. Bureau of Forestry.
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
Massachusetts-Middlesex-Cambridge
Subjects
College student newspapers and periodica
Forestry schools and education
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0033

F. L. & J. C. Olmsted, Landscape Architects, 1897 (21 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from F. L. & J. C. Olmsted, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. May 14, 1897- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior interested in Dr. Schenck's budget.

FLO Jr. writes about reprinting the Biltmore Guide Map.

September 30, 1897- FLO Jr. writes that Schenck should consult with Beadle on removing dead trees near the Glen Road.

More on cutting trees along macadamized roads.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Beadle, Chauncey Delos
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920.
Corporate Names
F. L. & J. C. Olmsted, Landscape Architects
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
Subjects
Forests and forestry--Finance
Materials
business letters
invitations

Box.Folder 27.0034

Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscape Architects, January - March 1896 (17 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. January 5, 1896- Letter about whether the Landscape Department or Forester Department have jurisdiction over the roads on Biltmore Estate. Advice on building permanent forest roads with directions and sketches of "thank-ye-ma'ams" type cross drains.

January 6, 1896- Frederick Law Olmsted Junior is very excited that, partly thanks to Mr. Perkins, the Coast Survey and Geological Survey will furnish instruments and help at Pisgah Forest survey.

January 20, 1896- FLO Jr. praises Mr. Perkins' expertise in triangulations.

January 27, 1896- FLO Jr. and Dr. Schenck are disappointed with George Vanderbilt's and Charles McNamee's views on Pisgah Forest survey.

March 2, 1896- Dr. Schenck disappointed that George Vanderbilt does not wish any government help in Pisgah survey.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
McNamee, Charles
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr.
Perkins
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
Olmsted, Olmsted, and Eliot, 1893-1897.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Forest roads--Design and construction
Forest surveys
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0035

Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscape Architects, April 1896 - 1897 (13 sheets)

Correspondence to Dr. Schenck from Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot, Landscape Architects. Brookline, MA. "Extract from Letter of April 11, 1896"- Letter to George Vanderbilt with specific advice on "various matters of design" of Biltmore Estate landscape. Concerns extent and location of farm lands and their relations to the forests. February 9, 1897- Plans for earth roads on Ducker Mountain.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
Olmsted, Olmsted, and Eliot, 1893-1897.
Geographical Terms
Massachusetts-Norfolk-Brookline
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Landscape architectural firms
Materials
business letters
excerpts

Box.Folder 27.0036

P. C. Orpin, Photographer, 1902 - 1908 (7 sheets)

Miscellaneous correspondence from P. C. Orpin, Photographer. Asheville, N.C.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Orpin, P. C.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0037

A. K. Orr, Treasurer, Transylvania Railroad Company, 1902 - 1904 (16 sheets)

Correspondence from A. K. Orr, Treasurer, Transylvania Railroad Company . Brevard, N.C. Includes miscellaneous correspondence on arrival of goods and freight rates. November 5, 1903- Orr asked Mr. Gillespie to be agent of the new station at Pisgah Forest.

March 22, 1904- Southern Railway will "put on" extra trains in June. Transylvania Railroad Company will begin a Sunday train around that time.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Orr, A. K.
Corporate Names
Transylvania Railroad Company
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Brevard
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0038

A. K. Orr, Division Freight Agent, Southern Railway Company, 1905 - 1907 (19 sheets)

Correspondence from A. K. Orr, Division Freight Agent, Southern Railway Company. Asheville, N.C. May 29, 1906- Annotated list of freight rates from Pisgah Forest to various cities. November 21, 1906- Received application for side track at Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Orr, A. K.
Corporate Names
Southern Railway (U.S.)
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Railroad sidings
Materials
business letters
copies
lists
postcards
telegrams

Box.Folder 27.0039

C. E. Orr, Proprietor, Main Street Livery and Feed Stables, 1903 - 1905 (5 sheets)

Correspondence from C. E. Orr, Proprietor, Main Street Livery and Feed Stables. Brevard, N.C. He wanted to sell horses to Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Orr, C. E.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Brevard
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0040

J. W. Orr, 1901 - 1903 (13 sheets)

Correspondence from J. W. Orr. Brevard, N.C. October 11, 1901- Asks George Vanderbilt for help in building a larger house. People at Davidson River are very poor. They need help in building a church.

January 28, 1902- Thanks Dr. Schenck for $25 check. They want to start a school at the church.

Requests for a church bell and help rebuilding the church. Trustees are J. W. Orr, C. C. Case and S. L. Hollingsworth. Glad to hear that a [moonshine] still was shut down. Hopes they can all be closed.

December 11, 1902- Dr. Schenck sent money for the church and school.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Orr, J. W.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Brevard
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Subjects
Gifts
Mountain churches
Schools
Materials
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 27.0041

Thos. W. Osteen, Penman, Asheville Business College, 1906 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from Thos. W. Osteen, Penman, Asheville Business College. Asheville, N.C. He made a memorial for F. C. Fisher at the request of Dr. Schenck. Dr. Schenck did not like the quality of the finished product however, and Osteen sent a personally insulting letter in reply to Schenck's complaint.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Fisher, Ferdinand C.
Osteen, Thos. W.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 27.0042

Senator Lee S. Overman, 1904 - 1909 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from and to Senator Lee S. Overman. Washington D.C. December 11, 1908- Copy of a letter in which Dr. Schenck, who calls himself "the oldest teacher and the oldest practitioner of forestry in the United States," argues that tariffs on woodgoods must not be abolished. He mentions George Vanderbilt's work, forestry as a business and the necessity of planting a second growth to prevent "the slaughter of the forest."

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Overman, Lee S. (Lee Slater), 1854-1930.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
Subjects
Reforestation
Tariff on wood products
Materials
business letters
copies