Finding Aid for Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series N


Collection Information


Abstract:
Series N of The Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records contains business and personal correspondence dated 1896 to 1909, predominately incoming correspondence collected and preserved by George Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Office. Copies of outgoing correspondence, presumably letters written by Biltmore Estate Forest Manager, Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck are included. Series N is a small series. It contains correspondence from The National Hardwood Lumber Association, ranging in date from 1903 and 1905, and correspondence from The National Lumber Manufacturers' Association, dated 1904. Series N contains a small amount of correspondence from F. H. Newell, Chief Engineer of the Department of the Interior, United State Geological Survey, Hydrographic Branch. Finally, Series N contains letters to Dr. Schenck from members of the Norton family of Louisville, Kentucky. They hired Dr. Schenck for work on their family estate, WoodNorton.
Contact Information:
The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department,
Archives Division
1 North Pack Square
Asheville, North Carolina
28801 USA
Phone: (828) 225-6300
Fax: (828) 277-3454
URL: http://www.biltmore.comeMail: archives@biltmore.com
Processed by
Stephanie Gardner
Date Completed
2002
Encoded by
Stephanie Gardner
© 2003 The Biltmore Company. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Creator
Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Office
Title
Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series N, 1896 - 1909, 1896 - 1909, (Bulk)
Call Number
2/N
Extent
25 folders
Location
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department, Archives Division.
Restrictions to Access
The Biltmore Company Archives are made available to selected researchers. Use with permission from The Biltmore Company, Asheville, North Carolina.
Acquisitions Information
Correspondence received by Doctor Carl Alwin Schenck during his career as Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager.
Preferred Citation
Series N, 1896 - 1909, Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, The Biltmore Company, Museum Services Department, Archives Division, Asheville, North Carolina
Copyright Notice
The Biltmore Company retains copyright of these materials.

Scope and Content Note

Like the other series in the Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records, Series N documents the formation of scientific forestry across the world. Series N is a small series. It contains correspondence from The National Hardwood Lumber Association, ranging in date from 1903 to 1905, and correspondence from The National Lumber Manufacturers' Association, dated 1904. Series N also contains a small amount of correspondence from F. H. Newell, Chief Engineer, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Hydrographic Branch. Chief Newell wrote of the cooperative stream measurements that were proposed by Dr. Schenck. Finally, Series N contains at least two folders of correspondence from members of the Norton family of Louisville, KY. They hired Dr. Schenck to work on WoodNorton, their family Estate.

Collection Organization

Records are filed by correspondent's last name in the case of individual persons. They are filed by company's name for institutions and businesses. It also appears that some clerks preferred to file records by the names of company's managers or agents. Therefore, one organization may be represented in the filing system by several letters depending on the variety of individuals' names within that particular group. In addition, miscellaneous manuscripts are filed in folders carrying a description of the material as a title.

Collection Arrangement

The documents have been arranged alphabetically by correspondents' name, and then, chronologically by date. This organization follows the records' original provenance, in that they were first filed in alphabetical order. It appears the original filing system consisted of placing newer records to the front of older ones, thus keeping working material up-to-date.

Online Catalog Terms

Personal Names
Newell, [F. H.?]
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
National Lumber Manufacturers Association
Geographical Terms
Kentucky-Jefferson-Louisville
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Biltmore Forest School--History
Forest landscape design
Forestry schools and education--North Carolina--History
Forests and forestry--North Carolina--History
Forests and forestry--United States--History
Logging
Lumbering
Stream measurements
Materials
announcements
bills of lading
business letters
copies
notes
postcards
telegrams

Related Material

Biltmore Estate Forestry Department Manager's Records Collection | Series A | Series B | Series C | Series D | Series E | Series F | Series G | Series H | Series I | Series J | Series K | Series L | Series M | Series O | Series P | Series Q | Series R | Series S | Series T | Series U | Series V | Series W | Series XYZ | Series Additional Materials

Container List

Box.Folder 26.0022

Biltmore Forest School Inquiries and Applications, 1896 - 1906 (19 sheets)

October 1900- Three letters from Edward B. Nitchie, who wrote to Dr. Schenck at Pinchot's advice. Nitchie inquired whether his partial deafness would prohibit studies at Biltmore Forest School. January 31, 1906- A 51-year-old man inquires if it would be possible to begin a career of forestry.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Subjects
Forestry schools and education
Hearing disorders
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence
postcards

Box.Folder 26.0023

Job Applicants, 1896, 1907 (3 sheets)

Correspondence from individuals seeking employment from Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
letters of recommendation
notes

Box.Folder 26.0024

Correspondence Regarding the Purchase of Products or Services, 1896 - 1905 (7 sheets)

Correspondence regarding the purchase of products or services.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
form letters

Box.Folder 26.0025

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases: People and Companies as Customers or Potential Customers of Biltmore Lumber, 1901 - 1908 (14 sheets)

This folder has records concerning people and companies as customers or potential customers of Biltmore lumber.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
copies
form letters
postcards

Box.Folder 26.0026

Correspondence Regarding Lumber Sales/Purchases: People and Companies Selling or Wishing to Sell Lumber, 1896 - 1897, non-dated (3 sheets)

This folder concerns offers to sell logs for Dr. Schenck to "take up."

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
postcards

Box.Folder 26.0027

Correspondence with Offers to Sell Advertisements to Biltmore Forest School, 1900, non-dated (3 sheets)

Correspondence concerning Dr. Schenck's advertising of Biltmore Forest School in "The Nation." New York City. Contains sample advertisements.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
Biltmore Forest School
Publications
The Nation
Geographical Terms
New York-New York
Materials
advertisements
business letters
price lists
sample cards

Box.Folder 26.0028

Requests for Copies of Dr. Schenck's Books and Pamphlets, 1899 (2 sheets)

This folder includes a note of thanks upon receipt of a publication and a request for a publication.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0029

Individuals, Corporations and Government Departments Sending Literature to Dr. Schenck, 1904, 1907 (2 sheets)

This folder contains information on miscellaneous literature requested by Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0030

Inquiries Regarding Passes, 1899, 1904 (2 sheets)

This folder contains two requests for passes to visit Pisgah.

Online Catalog Terms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0031

Correspondence Concerning Employees and Contracted Laborers, 1896 - 1906 (7 sheets)

This folder includes three letters from Vernon Neill of Davidson River, N.C.

Online Catalog Terms
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 26.0032

Correspondence Relating to Community Issues, 1896 - 1906 (4 sheets)

December 10, 1903- Victoria Neill requests help to establish a three months school at English Chapel. Miss. Lillie Pimmer would be the teacher, if they could hire her.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
English Chapel
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Schools
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence
postcards

Box.Folder 26.0033

Groups and Organizations, 1900 - 1909 (8 sheets)

November 8, 1899- The Park and Forestry Committee of the Asheville Board of Trade will meet to organize an Inter-State association "for the purpose of securing a National Park in some section of the Blue Ridge or Smoky Mountains."

February 15, 1900- Asheville Music Festival Association offers Dr. Schenck tickets to the Theodore Thomas concert.

April 11, 1908- National Geographic Society invites Dr. Schenck to become a member. Say they are in their 20th year and have a membership of over 30,000.

January 1909- Dr. Schenck and the Secretary of the North Idaho Forestry Association discuss forest taxation.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
Asheville Board of Trade
North Carolina Pine Association
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Buncombe-Asheville
Subjects
Appalachian National Park Association
Materials
business letters
lists

Box.Folder 26.0034

General Requests to Dr. Schenck Regarding Forestry, 1898 - 1909 (16 sheets)

October 6, 1898- Request to publish information about Biltmore Forest School in "North Carolina Journal of Education."

December 5, 1896- North Carolina Department of Agriculture, State Museum, writes Dr. Schenck about specimens of carnivorous animals from Biltmore Estate, which Dr. Schenck promised to ship to the Museum.

November 17, 1903- C. B. Boothe, Chairman of the Executive Council of the National Irrigation Association, gives Dr. Schenck information on literature concerning irrigation out West. He mentions Schenck is a vice-president of the American Forestry Association.

March 9, 1909- Dr. Schenck asks New Jersey Lumber Retailers Association for a copy of the United States Rules of Hardwood Inspection, which they favor. Dr. Schenck read the report of the Association's 24th annual meeting in April.

April 24, 1909- Dr. Schenck invited to join The North Carolina Academy of Science.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
North Carolina. State Museum
Geographical Terms
United States-North Carolina
Subjects
Carnivores--Type specimens
Irrigation
Timber--Grading
Materials
business letters
copies
lists
memorandums

Box.Folder 26.0035

Miscellaneous, 1898 - 1906 (9 sheets)

This folder contains correspondence written in German and miscellaneous correspondence.

Online Catalog Terms
Materials
business letters
invoices
postcards

Box.Folder 26.0036

The Nantahala Marble and Talc Company, 1896 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from The Nantahala Marble and Talc Company. Atlanta, GA. They purchased, or considered purchasing, Biltmore lumber to resell.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
The Nantahala Marble and Talc Company
Geographical Terms
Georgia-Fulton-Atlanta
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0037

National Casket Co., 1904, 1908 (15 sheets)

Correspondence from National Casket Co. Hoboken, N.J. They appear to have purchased some Biltmore lumber. April 15, 1908- Refuse to purchase lumber graded on the National Hardwood Lumber Association Rules of 1907.

October 1908- F. E. Longwell, President of the Company, planned to visit Asheville, N.C. to consider "locating a dimension plant at Asheville or Biltmore." Dr. Schenck supported the establishment of the plant in Western North Carolina. He could not promise a steady stream of lumber however, as this would depend upon George Vanderbilt's wishes and the sale of Highland Forest.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
National Casket Co.
Geographical Terms
New Jersey-Hudson-Hoboken
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Timber--Grading
Materials
business letters
calculations
copies
telegrams

Box.Folder 26.0038

The National Hardwood Lumber Association, 1903 - 1905 (9 sheets)

Correspondence from The National Hardwood Lumber Association. Chicago, IL. May 1903- Invitation to their Sixth Annual Meeting, to be held in Indianapolis, Indiana.

August 12, 1903- Form letter about payment of the Association's debt and membership drive.

October 1, 1903- Announcement of Board of Managers meeting, to be held in Cincinnati, Ohio.

October 24, 1903- Form letter with report of Association's recent progress.

May 13, 1904- Meeting to be held in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
National Hardwood Lumber Association
Geographical Terms
Illinois-Cook-Chicago
Materials
announcements
business letters
form letters

Box.Folder 26.0039

The National Lumber Manufacturers' Association, 1904 (25 sheets)

Correspondence from The National Lumber Manufacturers' Association. ST. Louis, MO. Letters about plans to publish Credit Rating Books for different States. "Summary of Trade Reports" Issue of July 20, 1904. Evaluations of many lumber companies.

Online Catalog Terms
Corporate Names
National Lumber Manufacturers' Association
Geographical Terms
Missouri-Saint Louis
Subjects
Credit ratings--United States
Lumber industry
Materials
business letters
form letters
invoices
postcards
reports
stamps (exchange media)
summaries

Box.Folder 26.0040

Mr. and Mrs. John G. Neil, 1904 - 1908 (19 sheets)

Correspondence from Mr. and Mrs. John G. Neil. Davidson River, N.C. They kept boarders in a house rented from Dr. Schenck.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Neil, John G.
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Subjects
Landlord and tenant
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0041

John and Jemma Neil, 1902 (7 sheets)

Correspondence from John and Jemma Neil of Ecusta, N.C. January 20, 1902- Jemma Neil tells Dr. Schenck of plans for a school at English Chapel. She requests a donation from him.

January 22, 1902- Not happy with their land trade.

February 3, 1902- Jemma Neil thanks Dr. Schenck for his donation, probably for the school.

February 9, 1902- Thanks to Dr. & Mrs. Schenck and Mr. & Mrs. Vanderbilt for the presents. From the Neil Family and Mrs. W. R. West.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Neil, John and Jemma
Schenck, Adele Bopp
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Vanderbilt, Edith
Vanderbilt, George Washington, 1862-1914.
Corporate Names
English Chapel
Geographical Terms
North Carolina-Transylvania-Ecusta
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Gifts
Schools
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 26.0042

R. F. Nelson, 1900 - 1905 (4 sheets)

Correspondence from R. F. Nelson. He or she sold and asked to purchase deer, especially does, from Biltmore Estate.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Nelson, R. F.
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0043

F. H. Newell Chief Engineer, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Hydrographic Branch, 1898 - 1909 (6 sheets)

Correspondence from F. H. Newell Chief Engineer, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Hydrographic Branch. Washington D.C. June 16, 1898- Received Dr. Schenck's pamphlet, "Our Yellow Poplar."

March 7, 1904- Asked M. R. Hall, Chief Hydrographer for the Southern section, to visit Biltmore Estate and make plans for cooperative stream measurements that were proposed by Dr. Schenck.

April 28, 1906- Sent estimates of Davidson River and North and South Forks of Mills River. Not included.

July 11, 1906- Letter with a few notes on study of the effect of forests on stream flow.

March 10, 1909- Received Dr. Schenck's pamphlet on Forest Finance.

The last two letters are from Newell as Director of Department of the Interior, Reclamation Service.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Hall, Maxey
Newell, [F. H.?]
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Geographical Terms
District of Columbia
North Carolina-Henderson-Mills River
North Carolina-Transylvania-Davidson River
Subjects
Stream measurements
Materials
business letters

Box.Folder 26.0044

G. W. Norton, 1901, 1904, 1905 (15 sheets)

Correspondence from G. W. Norton. Louisville, KY. June 24, 1901- Mentions that two of his sisters will make a brief trip to N.C.

June 28, 1904- Has friends interested in the Shooting and Fishing Association proposed by Edgar G. [sic] Moore.

November 15, 1904- Would like a small camp.

June 21, 1905- Spoke more with his friends, John W. Barr Jr., and John C. Russell, about proposed Pisgah Forest Hunting and Fishing Club.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Moore, Edgar B.
Norton, G. W.
Geographical Terms
Kentucky-Jefferson-Louisville
North Carolina-Transylvania- Pisgah Forest
Subjects
Hunting leases
Hunting lodges
Materials
business letters
telegrams

Box.Folder 26.0045

[Leticia?] Norton, 1899 - 1901, non-dated (9 sheets)

Correspondence from [Leticia?] Norton. Louisville, KY. February 10, 1900- Thinks of N.C. as a haven from KY.

February 20, 1900- Hopes Pinchot will be willing to undertake work on their Estate, WoodNorton, through his Division [of Forestry.] If Pinchot declines, they would like Schenck to do the work. Need a good bridge built across Mud Creek.

March 29, 1900- Will be pleased to have work at WoodNorton carried out.

No date- Regrets Dr. Schenck did not go to WoodNorton with Mr. Olmsted.

August 17, 1900- Anxious to have plans carried out, but sad to hear of Schenck's accident.

July 10, 1901- Visited WoodNorton with her [or his?] sister and was pleased at Dr. Schenck's work there. Path and bridge appear to have been damaged in the past.

October 26, 1901- Paid Dr. Schenck for his work at WoodNorton.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Norton, [Leticia?]
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
WoodNorton
Geographical Terms
Kentucky-Jefferson-Louisville
Subjects
Forest landscape design
Materials
business letters
personal correspondence

Box.Folder 26.0046

Mattie Norton, 1899 - 1903, non-dated (9 sheets)

Correspondence from Mattie Norton. Louisville, KY. April 24, no year- Received copy of Dr. Schenck's report to Mr. Pinchot. Will visit their place in North Carolina and would like a personal interview with Dr. Schenck about plans for their forest land.

April 3, 1901- Hopes Dr. Schenck can do work at WoodNorton in the spring.

November 12, 1903- Dr. Schenck gave advice on burnt portion of their woodland.

Online Catalog Terms
Personal Names
Nelson, Mattie
Schenck, Carl Alwin, 1868-1955.
Corporate Names
WoodNorton
Geographical Terms
Kentucky-Jefferson-Louisville
Subjects
Forest landscape design
Materials
business letters
telegrams