1900 Census Reports: Decennial Population and Housing Censuses Research Guide

NCSU Libraries Guide to Census Data Resources - Provides links to online and other electronic data sources.
US Census Bureau 1900 Documents as PDFs

Questionnaire, instructions, and table headers
* Questionnaire description and Instructions to Enumerators - from Measuring America (Sept. 2002)

Census Reports, Twelfth Census of the United States, Population, in 2 pts.
U.S. Documents C3.14:900/v.1-2 (reclassed from I13.5:1- 2)
* GEOGRAPHIES:   Nation, States, Territories, Counties, Incorporated places, Urban and Rural
* CONTENTS:   Vol. 1 contains 92 tables on various topics:
  -   Population, 1790-1900, for States, Territories, and Counties
  -   Population, 1890-1900, for Minor Civil Divisions
  -   Population, 1790-1900, for Cities with 1900 Populations of 25,000 and more
  -   Population, 1890-1900, for 1900 Incorporated Towns
  -   Sex, General Nativity, and Color
  -   Chinese and Japanese, 1890-1900
  -   Native/Foreign born, White/Colored, 1900
  -   State or Territory of Birth
  -   Country of Birth
  -   Foreign Parentage
  -   Citizenship and Year in U.S.
  Vol. 2 contains 115 tables on these topics:
  -   Ages
  -   School, Militia, and Voting Ages
  -   Conjugal Condition
  -   School Attendance
  -   Illiteracy
  -   Can Not Speak English
  -   Occupations
  -   Dwellings and Families
  -   Proprietorship of Homes

Census Reports, Twelfth Census of the United States, Vital Statistics, in 2 pts.
U.S. Documents C3.900/v.3-4 (reclassed from I13.5:3- 4)
* Contents:
  -   Pt. 1. Analysis and Ratio Tables
  -   Pt. 2. Statistics of Death
* The Analysis section touches on some additional aspects of vital statistics, but most of the two volumes addresses mortality, examining it from a variety of perspectives (e.g., Birthplace of Mother, Conjugal Condition, Occupation)

Statistical Atlas of the United States
U.S. Documents C3.14:900/12 (reclassed from I13.2:At 6)
* Contents:
  -   Population
  -   Vital Statistics (again Mortality)
  -   Agriculture
  -   Manufactures

From the 1870 Census forward, the number of published volumes grew each decade. A comprehensive list of all these volumes is beyond the scope of this guide that focuses on the volumes addressing population and housing topics.