U.S. Geographic Names Information System Locales

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: United States Geological Survey
Originator: ESRI
Publication_Date: 20061001
Title:
U.S. Geographic Names Information System Locales
Edition: 2006
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: ESRI® Data & Maps
Issue_Identification: 2006 World, Europe, United States, Canada, and Mexico
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Redlands, California, USA
Publisher: ESRI
Other_Citation_Details:
Location: \usa\landmarks
Description:
Abstract:
U.S. Geographic Names Information System Locales represents an automated inventory of the proper names and locations of physical and cultural geographic features located throughout the United States and its Territories.
Purpose:
Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), of which U.S. Geographic Names Information System Locales is a part, promotes geographic feature name standardization and serves as the Federal Government's repository of information regarding feature name spellings and applications for features in United States and its Territories. The names listed in the inventory can be published on Federal maps, charts, and in other documents.  The feature locative information has been used in emergency preparedness, marketing, site-selection and analysis, genealogical and historical research, and transportation routing applications.
Supplemental_Information:
Largest scale when displaying the data: 1:100,000.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Multiple_Dates/Times:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 19810501
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2004
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 200501
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 200411
Currentness_Reference:
publication date: 19810501, 2004, 200501; ground condition: 200411
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -176.813324
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 179.288947
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.385156
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.329170
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: point
Theme_Keyword: locale
Theme_Keyword: place name
Theme_Keyword: geographic feature
Theme_Keyword: location
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Puerto Rico
Place_Keyword: U.S. Virgin Islands
Place_Keyword: Commonwealths
Place_Keyword: Territories
Place_Keyword: Freely Associated States
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: 1981
Temporal_Keyword: 2004
Temporal_Keyword: 2005
Temporal_Keyword: 2004
Access_Constraints: Access granted to Licensee only.
Use_Constraints:
The data are provided by multiple, third party data vendors under license to ESRI for inclusion on ESRI Data & Maps for use with ESRI® software.  Each data vendor has its own data licensing policies and may grant varying redistribution rights to end users. Please consult the redistribution rights below for this data set provided on ESRI Data & Maps. As used herein,  Geodata  shall mean any digital data set consisting of geographic data coordinates and associated attributes.

The redistribution rights for this data set: Public domain data from U.S. government is freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution.

The terms and conditions below apply to all the data sets provided on ESRI Data & Maps.

Proprietary Rights and Copyright: Licensee acknowledges that the Data and Related Materials contain proprietary and confidential property of ESRI and its licensor(s). The Data and Related Materials are owned by ESRI and its licensor(s) and are protected by United States copyright laws and applicable international copyright treaties and/or conventions.

Limited Warranty and Disclaimer: ESRI warrants that the media upon which the Data and Related Materials are provided will be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of receipt.

THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS ARE EXCLUDED FROM THE LIMITED WARRANTY, AND THE LICENSEE EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGES THAT THE DATA CONTAINS SOME NONCONFORMITIES, DEFECTS, OR ERRORS. ESRI DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE DATA WILL MEET LICENSEE'S NEEDS OR EXPECTATIONS; THAT THE USE OF THE DATA WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED; OR THAT ALL NONCONFORMITIES, DEFECTS, OR ERRORS CAN OR WILL BE CORRECTED. ESRI IS NOT INVITING RELIANCE ON THIS DATA, AND THE LICENSEE SHOULD ALWAYS VERIFY ACTUAL DATA.

EXCEPT FOR THE LIMITED WARRANTY SET FORTH ABOVE, THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS CONTAINED THEREIN ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS," WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES: 
(A) THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS ARE NOT FAULT-TOLERANT AND ARE NOT DESIGNED, MANUFACTURED, OR INTENDED FOR USE OR RESALE FOR INSURANCE UNDERWRITING OR WITH CRITICAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OR ONLINE CONTROL EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS THAT REQUIRE FAIL-SAFE PERFORMANCE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE OPERATION OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES, NAVIGATION OR GUIDANCE (I.E., AIRCRAFT, NAUTICAL VEHICLE, ETC.), OR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, TERRORISM PREVENTION OR RESPONSE, LIFE SUPPORT, OR WEAPONS SYSTEMS ("HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES"). ESRI SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES.

(B) TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, LICENSEE AGREES TO INDEMNIFY, DEFEND, AND HOLD ESRI, ITS OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, SUBCONTRACTORS, LICENSORS, SUCCESSORS, AND ASSIGNS HARMLESS FROM AND AGAINST ANY AND ALL LIABILITY, LOSSES, CLAIMS, EXPENSES (INCLUDING ATTORNEYS' FEES), DEMANDS, OR DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH LICENSEE'S USE OR PERMITTING THE USE BY OTHERS OF THE DATA, AND VENDOR'S HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE FOR HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES. DELIVERY OF THE DATA, AND VENDOR'S HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A WAIVER OF THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS SET FORTH IN THIS ARTICLE.

Exclusive Remedy and Limitation of Liability: The entire liability of ESRI or its licensor(s) and Licensee's exclusive remedy shall be to terminate the Agreement upon Licensee returning the Data and Related Materials to ESRI with a copy of Licensee's invoice/receipt and ESRI returning the license fees paid to Licensee.

IN NO EVENT SHALL ESRI AND/OR ITS LICENSOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR COSTS OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOST PROFITS, LOST SALES, OR BUSINESS EXPENDITURES, INVESTMENTS, OR COMMITMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH ANY BUSINESS; LOSS OF ANY GOODWILL; OR FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS AGREEMENT OR USE OF THE DATA AND RELATED MATERIALS, HOWEVER CAUSED, ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, AND WHETHER OR NOT ESRI OR ITS LICENSOR(S) HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. THESE LIMITATIONS SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY EXCLUSIVE REMEDY.

Third Party Beneficiary: ESRI's licensor(s) has (have) authorized ESRI to (sub)distribute and (sub)license its (their) data as incorporated into the Data and Related Materials. As an intended third party beneficiary to this Agreement, the ESRI licensor(s) is (are) entitled to directly enforce, in its own name, the rights and obligations undertaken by the Licensee and to seek all legal and equitable remedies as are afforded to ESRI.

In the event that the data vendor(s) has (have) granted the end user permission to redistribute the Geodata, please use proper proprietary or copyright attribution for the various data vendor(s), and provide the associated metadata file(s) with the Geodata. In compliance with FGDC metadata standards, ESRI has attempted to practice proper metadata methodologies by providing any data source information, descriptions, and file names to assist in this effort.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: ESRI
Contact_Person: Data Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
380 New York Street
City: Redlands
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 92373-8100
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 909-793-2853
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 909-793-5953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info@esri.com
Hours_of_Service: 7:00 a.m. 5:30 p.m. Pacific time, Monday Friday
Contact Instructions:
In the United States 
Please direct all inquiries regarding software/data pricing and consulting services to your local ESRI Regional Office.  For support, you may contact Technical Support by telephone (voice) between 6:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. Pacific time, Monday through Friday, by dialing 888-377-4575; facsimile (fax) available at 909-792-0960; electronic mail (e-mail) support@esri.com; or visit http://support.esri.com; ESRI holidays excluded. 

Outside the United States 
Please direct all inquiries regarding software/data pricing, sales, support, and consulting services to your local ESRI International Distributor.  This information can be found at http://gis.esri.com/intldist/contactint.cfm.  

For other questions or comments, you may contact ESRI headquarters by e-mail, telephone, or fax or write to us.
Data_Set_Credit:
United States Board on Geographic Names; United States Forest Service; Office of Coast Survey; Federal Communications Commission; Federal Aviation Administration; United States Army Corps of Engineers
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 1; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.1.0.706
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Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
The shapefile is converted to SDC (Smart Data Compression) format using either ESRI SDC Data Development Kit Professional 2 (DDKP2) or tools in ArcGIS.  The SDC data set is then loaded into ArcSDE® to verify and validate the geometry.
Completeness_Report:
After processing, the data set is checked for drawing display and number of records and file sizes compared with source materials.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The geospatial part of this data set was calculated from latitude/longitude coordinates accurate to within +/- 5 seconds of latitude or longitude. The horizontal positional accuracy is equal to or better than 500 feet.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: United States Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 19810501
Title:
Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia, USA
Publisher: United States Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
The data set was downloaded from the web site in 2005.
Online_Linkage: http://geonames.usgs.gov/stategaz/index.html
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Multiple_Dates/Times:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 19810501
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference:
publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
USGS - GNIS
Source_Contribution:
Attribute and geospatial data
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Tele Atlas North America, Inc.
Publication_Date: 200501
Title:
Dynamap®/Display Landmarks
Edition: Version 7.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Dynamap®/Display
Issue_Identification: Version 7.0
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
Publisher: Tele Atlas North America, Inc.
Online_Linkage: http://www.geographic.com/home/index.cfm
Type_of_Source_Media: DVD ROM
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 200411
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
Tele Atlas Dynamap/Display
Source_Contribution:
Attribute and geospatial data
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
GNIS was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names. GNIS is being compiled in phases.

The first phase is complete for the entire United States, and entailed the collection of names from Federal sources including large-scale USGS topographic maps, Office of Coast Survey charts, U.S. Forest Service maps, and digital datasets distributed by the Federal Communications Commission, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. These data are compared to the records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.

The second phase of data collection is complete or in progress for about 80% of the United States, and captures names from State, locally, and other published current and historical maps, charts, and texts.

GNIS Maintenance program - Federal and state maintenance cooperators submit new and corrected data in conjunction with their mapping and geographical information system data maintenance programs. Data is submitted using web data entry and edit forms and batch file processes.

National Map partnerships - As part of The USGS National Map program, the Geographic Names Office enters into partnerships with state names authorities and state and local GIS agencies to integrate vertically name, location, and attribute data in the GNIS with state and local datasets. These partnerships utilize GIS and web technology to automate and simplify data maintenance, ensure data consistency, integrity, and accuracy, and meet the goals of the Board on Geographic Names for national names standardization.

In both processes, a random sample of 10% of the entries in the system were visually verified against the compilation source data (large-scale USGS topographic maps) to ensure an attribute accuracy rate of at least 95%. Locative references (geographic coordinates, topographic map, and county) were crosschecked for logical consistency.
Process_Date: Not complete
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation:
USGS - GNIS
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The following steps were performed by ESRI: Downloaded each tabular file from http://geonames.usgs.gov/stategaz/index.html, generated ArcInfo® coverages from the latitude/longitude coordinate attributes, and assembled all into a nationwide coverage. Reselected the feature type from the TYPE attribute. Converted to North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83). Removed features with incorrect coordinates. Adjusted the width of the NAME attribute. Reformatted the attributes and removed unnecessary ones. Added the LABEL_FLAG attribute and calculated its values. Created ArcGIS® layer file (.lyr), projection file (.prj), and spatial indices.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
USGS - GNIS
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
Tele Atlas Dynamap/Display
Process_Date: 20050313
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Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Entity point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 122086
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000009
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000009
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: glocale
Entity_Type_Definition:
The points represent physical and cultural geographic features located throughout the United States and its Territories.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
United States Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition:
Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition:
Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NAME
Attribute_Definition:
The name of the geographic feature.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
United States Geological Survey, United States Board on Geographic Names
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Names for the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: STCTYFIPS
Attribute_Definition:
The combined state/territory and county FIPS code (five-digit number). The combined code uniquely identifies the county in which the geographic feature is located.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Federal Information Processing Standards
Codeset_Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LABEL_FLAG
Attribute_Definition:
The indicator that the geographic feature has a corresponding area in U.S. Large Area Landmarks.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The geographic feature does not have a corresponding area in U.S. Large Area Landmarks.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The geographic feature has a corresponding area in U.S. Large Area Landmarks.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
ESRI
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: ESRI; ESRI International Distributors
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
380 New York Street
City: Redlands
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 92373-8100
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 800-447-9778
Contact Instructions:
In the United States, contact the ESRI Telebusiness staff at 800-447-9778 for more information about our software and data.

Outside the United States, please direct all inquiries to your local ESRI International Distributor.  This information can be found at http://gis.esri.com/intldist/contactint.cfm.
Resource_Description: Offline Data
Distribution_Liability:
See use constraints.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: SDC
Format_Specification:
The SDC file contains the geospatial and attribute data. The SDI file contains the spatial index. The PRJ file contains the coordinate system information (optional). The XML file (*.sdc.xml) contains the metadata describing the data set (optional).
File_Decompression_Technique: ArcGIS® software
Transfer_Size: 2.693
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.38
Recording_Density_Units: GB (gigabytes)
Recording_Format: UDF (Universal Disc Format)
Fees: Software purchase price
Ordering_Instructions:
ESRI Data & Maps is available only as part of ESRI® software.
Technical_Prerequisites:
To use this data requires software that supports SDC files.
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20050314
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: ESRI
Contact_Person: Data Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
380 New York Street
City: Redlands
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 92373-8100
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 909-793-2853
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 909-793-5953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info@esri.com
Hours_of_Service: 7:00 a.m. 5:30 p.m. Pacific time, Monday Friday
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
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