Josephine Scott Hudson Papers 1897-1978

Size
1 linear foot
Location

For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Research Center Reference Staff.

Call number
MC 00112
Access to materials

This collection is open for research; access requires at least 48 hours advance notice. Please contact Special Collection Research Center staff for more information.

The Josephine Scott Hudson Papers include research papers, correspondence, journals, photographs, postcards, news clippings, and ephemera. The bulk of the material contained in this collection relates to Cassius Rex Hudson's career with the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service and to the career of W. Kerr Scott, former governor of North Carolina. There is also material relating to Hudson's nephew, former North Carolina Governor Robert W. Scott.

Daughter of Robert W. Scott of Alamance County, North Carolina, and sister of W. Kerr Scott, governor of North Carolina (1949-1953) and United States Senator (1954-1958), Josephine Scott married Cassius Rex Hudson in 1911. Cassius Rex Hudson, a graduate of Alabama Polytechnic Institute, was hired by Seaman Knapp in 1907 to serve as the Farmer's Cooperative Demonstration Work agent for the state of North Carolina. In 1922, he was placed in charge of "Negro Demonstration Work" for the state of North Carolina and worked as the director of that program until his death in 1940.

Biographical/historical note

Josephine Scott Hudson was born on October 23, 1883 in Alamance County, North Carolina. Daughter of Robert W. Scott, and sister of United States Senator and governor of North Carolina W. Kerr Scott, Josephine Scott married North Carolina's first Cooperative Extension agent, Cassius Rex Hudson, in 1911. The couple had four children, C. R. Jr., Robert, Seaman, and Frances.

Josephine Scott Hudson's father, Robert Scott, was a state legislator and trustee for thirty-five years at the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (later North Carolina State University). He was instrumental in securing state funding for some of the original structures used to house the Agricultural Extension Service on the North Carolina State University campus.

Both Josephine and her sister Margaret worked as agricultural extension home demonstration agents in Alamance County. Josephine met her husband while speaking on a farmer's institute train tour. The train tours were an early teaching device used by the Extension Service to reach farmers living in remote rural areas.

Josephine Scott married Cassius Rex Hudson in 1911. Hudson, a graduate of Alabama Polytechnic Institute, had been hired by Seaman Knapp in 1907 to serve as the Farmer's Cooperative Demonstration Work agent for the state of North Carolina. In the fall of 1904, Seaman Knapp had established the Farmer's Cooperative Demonstration Work, headquartered in Houston, Texas. Farmer's Cooperative Demonstration Work (later to become the Cooperative Extension Service) was organized to educate farmers, and to aid cotton growers in eradicating the boll weevil. The program evolved into a comprehensive educational and demonstration system that was implemented in cooperation with land grant universities and regional governments across the United States. The movement revolutionized American agriculture.

Cassius Rex Hudson traveled extensively throughout North Carolina, instructing farmers in modern agricultural techniques. By 1914, he was conducting farm demonstration work in thirty counties. He continued working in that capacity until 1922. In 1922, he was placed in charge of "Negro Demonstration Work" for the state of North Carolina and worked as the director of that program until his death in 1940. In 1944 the Liberty Ship Cassius Hudson was named in his honor.

Josephine Scott Hudson's brother, W. Kerr Scott, was Commissioner of Agriculture for the State of North Carolina, 1937-1948, and served a term as the state's governor, 1949-1953, He was then elected to the United States Senate and served from 1954 until he died in 1958. His son Robert Scott was elected governor in 1968 and served from 1969 to 1973.

Known affectionately as Miss Josie, Josephine Scott Hudson actively promoted the Scott family tradition, and was cited frequently in the regional press as a resource for information on North Carolina's rich agricultural history. She died in 1978, at the age of ninety-four.

Scope/content

The Josephine Scott Hudson Papers include research papers, correspondence, photographs, information on the Cassius Hudson Liberty Ship, professional papers, publications, and news clippings relating to Cassius Rex Hudson's career with the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service. There is also material related to Josephine Hudson, her brother, W. Kerr Scott, who was governor of North Carolina from 1949 to 1953 and United States Senator from 1954 to 1958, and her nephew, Robert W. Scott, governor of North Carolina from 1969 to 1973. Papers contained in this collection highlight the contributions made by her husband, Cassius Rex Hudson, and her father, Robert W. Scott, to North Carolina State University and to the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service.

Physical description

1 archival box, 1 archival half box, and 1 album

Arrangement

This collection is organized into six series; Cassius Rex Hudson Papers, Liberty Ship Cassius Hudson Papers, Scott Family Papers, Photographs, Newspaper Clippings, and Ephemera.

Use of these materials

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Josephine Scott Hudson Papers, MC 00112, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Source of acquisition

Material donated by Frances Griffin, 1978 (Accession no. 1978-0014) and 1986 (Accession no. 1986-0006) and by Francis McVay, 1976 (Accession no. 1976-0017).

Processing information

Processed by Michael Watts, Maurice Toler, 2005 August

Encoded by Michael Watts, 2005 August

The entire collection, including materials not available online, may be viewed in the Special Collections reading room in D.H. Hill Library.
Cassius Rex Hudson Papers 1897-1977 (Series 1)
Size: 0.25 linear feet

This series contains research papers, correspondence, journals, photographs, postcards, and newspaper clippings belonging to North Carolina State Agricultural Extension agent, Cassius Rex Hudson.

0.5 archival boxes

ERA Dose Book and Reference Tables 1897
Box 1, Folder 1
Record of Classes - List of Text Books 1901-1906
Box 1, Folder 2
Harvesting Machinery 1904
Box 1, Folder 3
Cotton Seed Germination - Thesis 1905

Master's Thesis Written by C. R. Hudson

Box 1, Folder 4
Correspondence Received by C. R. Hudson 1906-1924
Box 1, Folder 5
Home and Farm Monthly 1906
Box 1, Folder 6
Postcard and Calling Cards 1909
Box 1, Folder 7
North Carolina Department of Agriculture - Seed Test Bulletin 1913
Box 1, Folder 8
The Country Gentleman 1918

Publication with a brief biography and photo of C. R. Hudson.

Box 1, Folder 9
Cooperative Extension Papers - Cotton Culture and Farm Plans 1918-1924
Box 1, Folder 10
Cooperative Extension Pamphlets - "The Cotton Boll Weevil," 1920-1924
Box 1, Folder 11
Negro Farmers Cooperative Extension 1921-1922
Box 1, Folder 12
Schedule of Events - Tuskeegee Negro Conference 1923
Box 1, Folder 13
North Carolina State Fair Premium List 1925
Box 1, Folder 14
North Carolina Extension News 1977

C. R. Hudson Article

Box 1, Folder 15
Receipts, Notes, and Prescriptions undated
Box 1, Folder 16
Insect and Crop Statistics - Alabama undated
Box 1, Folder 17
Seaman Knapp Pamphlets undated
Box 1, Folder 18
Farmer's Alliance - Farm Union Literature undated
Box 1, Folder 19
C. R. Hudson - Songwriter undated
Box 1, Folder 20
Recipe and Formula Notebooks undated
Box 1, Folder 21
Biography, Obituary, and Bronze Tablet Text undated
Box 1, Folder 22
Liberty Ship Cassius Hudson Papers 1944 (Series 2)
Size: 0.125 linear feet

Correspondence and newspaper clippings documenting the dedication ceremony for the Liberty Ship Cassius Hudson, launched in 1944. Liberty Ships were cargo ships that were easily and quickly constructed. Almost three thousand of the vessels were built during World War II. The standard Liberty Ship was 442 feet long, and could carry 10,000 tons. It is estimated that the ships transported nearly seventy-five percent of the cargo that went to support the American war effort.

0.25 archival boxes

Correspondence 1944
Box 1, Folder 23
Newspaper clippings 1944
Box 1, Folder 24
Scott Family Papers 1958-1978 (Series 3)
Size: 0.25 linear feet

Series contains a biography, correspondence and press clippings related to the Scott family of North Carolina.

0.5 archival box

Scott Family History 1958-1976
Box 1, Folder 25
Governor Bob Scott - Inauguration Issue - Raleigh - News and Observer 1969
Box 1, Folder 26
Governor Bob Scott - Inauguration - General Newspaper Coverage 1969
Box 1, Folder 27
Governor Bob Scott - North Carolina Leader 1973-1974
Box 1, Folder 28
Governor Bob Scott - Book Debut 1978
Box 1, Folder 29
Photographs 1938-1944 (Series 4)
Size: 0.25 linear feet

Series contains photographs of the dedication ceremony for the Liberty Ship Cassius Hudson, Scott family photographs, and North Carolina Cooperative Extension photos.

1 archival album

Photographs 1938-1944
Album 2
Clippings 1924-1972 (Series 5)

Series contains newspaper clippings collected by Josephine Scott Hudson over a period of five decades.

1 archival folder

Newspaper Clippings 1924-1972
Half box 3, Folder 1
Ephemera (Series 6)

Folder contains a button card and a prefabricated replacement shoe sole that belonged to C. R. Hudson.

1 archival folder

Ephemera undated
Half box 3, Folder 2

Access to the collection

This collection is open for research; access requires at least 48 hours advance notice. Please contact Special Collection Research Center staff for more information.

For more information contact us via mail, phone, or our web form.

Mailing address:
Special Collections Research Center
Box 7111
Raleigh, NC, 27695-7111

Phone: (919) 515-2273

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Josephine Scott Hudson Papers, MC 00112, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Use of these materials

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.