NCSU Libraries News
Join David Silver, Visiting Scholar at the NCSU Libraries, for a multimedia happening that chronicles the rise and fall of Black Mountain College, founded in 1933 near Asheville, North Carolina. There will be two performances on Monday, August 4. The morning performance will start at 10:30 a.m. and conclude at noon. The evening performance will start at 7 p.m. and conclude at 8:30 p.m. Both performances will start at the Hunt Library iPearl Immersion Theater.
Education practitioners can still learn from what worked and what didn’t work at Black Mountain College, especially here at NC State where several of the College’s principles are still at work. Focusing on the Black Mountain College farm and work program, Silver will lead an exploration of the College’s lesser-known but vitally important participants. David Silver is associate professor of media studies, environmental studies, and urban agriculture at University of San Francisco.
Using the entire Hunt Library as a storytelling building and featuring never-before-seen photographs, this dynamic event will examine the most experimental college in American history. Silver will employ an unconventional storytelling approach that unfolds as participants walk through the building.
Free and open to the public. Presented by the NCSU Libraries. For more information contact Mike Nutt at email@example.com.
We are happy to announce the opening of the Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit at the James B. Hunt Jr. Library. In collaboration with Indiana University, NCSU Libraries invites you to browse a collection of some of the most important scientific visualizations ever produced. Visitors to the exhibit can use an iPad to choose from 80 powerful examples of knowledge domain mapping, novel location-based cartographies, data visualizations, and science-inspired art works.
The exhibit runs now through October 27th, and is featured in the iPearl Immersion Theater on the second floor of the Hunt Library.
Individually and as a whole, the maps of Places & Spaces allow data to tell fascinating stories which both the scientist and the layperson can understand and appreciate. Inspiration is waiting for you at the Hunt Library!
In collaboration with Indiana University, NCSU Libraries invites you to see some of the most inspired scientific visualizations in history. From October 14th through the 27th, the Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit will be featured in the iPearl Immersion Theater at the James B. Hunt Jr. Library. The October event marks a fascinating symbiosis of content and medium, with the visionary maps that make up Places & Spaces providing a perfect complement to the stunning visual experience of the iPearl Immersion Theater.
Now in its ninth year, the Places & Spaces exhibit has traced the evolution of science maps, featuring the most powerful examples of knowledge domain mapping, novel location-based cartographies, data visualizations, and science-inspired art works. Created by leading figures in the natural, physical, and social sciences, scientometrics, visual arts, social and science policymaking, and the humanities, the maps in Places & Spaces allow us to better grasp the abstract contexts, relationships, and dynamism of human systems and collective intelligence. Individually and as a whole, the maps of Places & Spaces allow data to tell stories which both the scientist and the layperson can understand and appreciate.
Over the course of its nine-year existence, these maps have adorned the walls of some of the most prestigious libraries, museums, and universities around the world (see http://www.scimaps.org/exhibitions/ for a complete listing of venues). By presenting the mapping of science in the context of a more traditional exhibit-going experience, Places & Spaces has brought together two cultural locations—the lab and the gallery—that have often been viewed as ideologically and aesthetically remote.
In keeping, however, with the exhibit’s commitment to both tracing science mapping’s past and offering glimpses of its future, Places & Spaces has partnered with North Carolina State University’s innovative Hunt Library and its state-of-the-art iPearl Immersion Theater to offer a new way to experience this important collection. With its 7×16-foot Christie® MicroTiles® digital display, the iPearl Immersion Theater surrounds viewers with larger-than-life maps of science that are visually arresting from afar and amazingly sharp up close. With media outlets like Time magazine, Ploughshares, Architect magazine, and others placing it at the forefront of a renaissance in library design and capabilities, the Hunt Library is the perfect cutting-edge venue to feature the groundbreaking work of Places & Spaces: Mapping Science.
You can find these and other tutorials here: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/tutorials/
Let your librarian know if you have comments or questions about these videos or suggestions for other tutorial topics.
The My #HuntLibrary photo contest has been a huge success! The NC State community has contributed over 1200 Instagram images to the project, simply by adding the hashtag #HuntLibrary to their Instagram photos. This crowdsourced photo project has really captured the spirit of the Hunt Library and has been a great way to introduce it to the world. While the My #HuntLibrary website will live on, the contest will end at 11:59PM February 22, 2013.
The winner will be selected by a jury of librarians from among the most popular photographs in My #HuntLibrary. The popularity score is determined by a combination of battle wins and “likes” on the photograph. Please note – likes on Instagram do not count towards the popularity score! “Likes” have to be submitted on the My #HuntLibrary app. Also, only public images taken with Instagram are eligible to win the iPad Mini. We currently don’t have the ability to include pictures from other social media sites or private photos on Instagram.
The winner will be awarded and recognized at an upcoming NCSU Libraries Student Advisory Board meeting.
The iPad Mini isn’t the only reason to participate! NCSU Libraries will preserve the best #HuntLibrary photos forever in the University’s official digital archives so they become a permanent part of NC State history. If your photo is selected, watch for a comment from us on your #HuntLibrary photo!
Any questions? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.
NCSU Libraries is happy to announce the My #HuntLibrary photo contest. Through My #HuntLibrary you can participate in the story of the Hunt Library’s opening . . . and one lucky photographer will win an iPad Mini!
Participating in My #HuntLibrary is easy:
- Take an awesome Hunt Library photo
- Upload it to Instagram
- Tag it #HuntLibrary
At go.ncsu.edu/myhunt you can also vote on your favorite #HuntLibrary photos, see popular images, browse staff picks, and more. One of the most popular #HuntLibrary shutterbugs will win an iPad Mini, and NCSU Libraries will preserve the best #HuntLibrary photos forever in the University’s official digital archives so they become a permanent part of NC State history.
A Different Point of View
Have fun, be creative! Show us a feature that you love or a view that takes your breath away. Here are some ideas to get you going:
- Use Virtual Browse & the bookBot for the first time
- Lounge on the Skyline Terrace
- Get Roman on the Monumental Stairs
- Draw a giant picture in the Idea Alcove
- Strike a pose in a cool chair
- Get collaborative in a group study room
- Immerse yourself in the Immersion Theater
- Hang out in the Learning Commons
Looking for an opportunity to discuss the latest popular books with some of the smartest people around (your friends and North Carolina State University’s most engaged scholars)?
READ SMART is free and open to the public and is sponsored by Friends of the Library of North Carolina State University. All discussions will be held at the Cameron Village Regional Library, 1930 Clark Avenue, Raleigh, NC 27605. For more information, please call 919-513-3481.
We hope to see you for our upcoming discussions.
Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World that Can’t Stop Talking by Susan Cain moderated by Martha Crowley, assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at North Carolina State University.
This New York Times Best Seller is the first book from Susan Cain, a former corporate lawyer and self- proclaimed introvert, that explores how introverts have come to be undervalued in our extrovert-oriented culture. This thought provoking title will inspire readers to consider how introverts and extroverts approach their personal and professional lives and perhaps, compel us to wonder just what the quiet people in our lives are thinking.
Praise for Quiet:
“Like the powerful introverts that fill its pages, this book is brilliant, profound, full of feeling and brimming with insights.” — Sheri Fink, Pulitzer-Prize winning author and journalist.
“Once in a blue moon, a book comes along that gives us startling new insights. QUIET is that book: it will change the way you see yourself, other people, and the world. It’s part page-turner, part cutting-edge science. The implications for business are especially valuable: QUIET offers tips on how introverts can lead effectively, give winning speeches, avoid burnout, and choose the right roles. This charming, gracefully written, thoroughly researched book is simply masterful.” — Adam Grant, Associate Professor of Management, The Wharton School
In the fall semester of 2012, NC State University students were challenged to create a “Super Bowl Commercial” for the NCSU Libraries, a video that “captures what the NCSU Libraries means to you, to your friends, to NC State, to North Carolina, to the world—to any or all of these.” We received a ton of great entries, all of which in one way or another caught, as we had asked, “the essence of the spirit of the NCSU Libraries.”
We had a great time watching the entries as they came in—and wanted to give everyone else a chance to enjoy the best of the best. A big “thanks” to all of you who submitted videos–and get your cameras ready for next year, when we’ll ask you what you think of the new Hunt Library.
Adaria Coulter—Ideas Should Be Free
A probing sense of thoughtfulness about the ultimate place of libraries in the modern world.
Graham Dean—A Place to . . .
Stop-motion photography captures the frantic nature (and silent study) that dominates the scene at the D. H. Hill Library.
Daniel Gallagher, Cameron McCarty, and Julia Venegas—There’s a Book for That
One for whatever information you need. You’ll want to especially check out the “Hair Style Cool-O-Meter.
Miles Holst—The Library Show
Books and more, with a retro approach and sly, shy style.
Corey Howard—D. H. Hill People
An arch sense of humor and a wolf costume to die for.
Sana Hussain—It’s Not Over
Brings home an “A+”.
Edward Lane—The Key to Success
Explores what happens when you ask an “astro-bio-chemical (with physics)” professor how to do well at a technologically advanced university like NC State.
Alyssa Riddle—DH Dance
Definitely shows us that D. H. Hill is for more than just studying. Watching the crowd reactions is half the fun.
Jacqueline Marie Yanchocik—What Will You Find Next?
Explores the D. H. Hill Library as a center for community, learning, and scholarship.
The NCSU Libraries is pleased to present The Urge to Draw, the Cause to Reflect: Drawings, Sketchbooks, Provocations, an exhibit that features over a decade of work by Marvin J. Malecha, dean of the College of Design at North Carolina State University and former president of the American Institute of Architects (AIA).
The exhibit explores and embodies Malecha’s fundamental premise that the act of drawing—no matter the task at hand—can release the innate powers of our own creativity, often bringing us to a state “when clarity is vividly present and understanding seems painfully obvious. It is a moment when all of the noise of extraneous considerations falls away and purpose is immediately before you.” The exhibit taps deep roots at NC State, an institution where mechanical crafts have always been taught, valued, and practiced as catalysts for growth and creation.
Dean Malecha has had a multi-faceted career encompassing administration, education, research, professional service, and practice as an architect. After earning a Bachelor of Architecture from the University of Minnesota and a Master of Architecture from Harvard University, he was dean of the College of Environmental Design at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, for twelve years before coming to NC State University in 1994.
In addition to his teaching and administrative work, Malecha has written several books on design and has maintained an active involvement with architectural practice through his work on a wide variety of projects—including the new chancellor’s residence under construction on NC State’s Centennial Campus. He is an Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (ACSA) Distinguished Professor, was awarded the prestigious AIA/ACSA Topaz Medallion for Excellence in Architectural Education in 2003, and served as President of the AIA from 2008-2009.
The exhibit reflects the strategies that produced Malecha’s recent book, The Urge to Draw, the Cause to Reflect: 100 Drawings and Reflections from Many Places, Times, and Spaces (NCSU Libraries Publications in collaboration with the NC State College of Design, 2011), in which a combination of sketches, evocative quotations, and short, impromptu notes or essays intermingle to capture the creative process at work. Always working with a drawing pad close by, Malecha shows how the notepad at hand in travels ranging from Hong Kong to Minnesota is integral to his practice as an architect and educator. Both his book and the NCSU Libraries’ exhibit ask each of us to “Draw what you see. Draw to understand. Draw to enhance your skill of seeing. Draw to remember. . . . It will bring you an acute understanding of who you are.”
Visitors to the exhibit will quite literally be able to follow Malecha’s advice at two kiosks that invite them to draw what they see. Facing D. H. Hill’s Conservatory and the landscape beyond, viewers at the kiosks are encouraged to add their own creative observations and experiments to the experience of the exhibit. Both traditional sketchbook and pencil and an iPad loaded with the Brushes app so brilliantly used by fellow artists such as David Hockney or Jorge Columbo will allow visitors to draw from life or from their own imaginations—either just for fun or perhaps to reach one of those moments “when clarity is vividly present and understanding seems painfully obvious.”
“I am so proud that the NCSU Libraries has been able to display Dean Malecha’s thought- and eye-provoking project,” says Susan K. Nutter, vice provost and director of the NCSU Libraries. “NC State excels in teaching our students to engage practical problems with a practical and inspired imagination. Malecha shows us how to do it. And the exhibit is not only a great entry point to scholars and the general public who aren’t yet aware of the tremendous cache of valuable architectural and design materials that the we hold in our Special Collections Research Center—its multimedia and immersive kiosks are a nice foretaste of the technology that will make our new James B. Hunt Jr. Library such a great place to showcase faculty and student work when we open it in early 2013.”
The Urge to Draw, the Cause to Reflect will be open and free to the public in the D. H. Hill Library Exhibit Gallery during regular hours through December 31. The exhibit was produced with generous support from the Goodnight Educational Foundation Library Endowment for Special Collections.
Media Contact: David Hiscoe, NCSU Libraries, (919) 513-3425
The North Carolina State University Libraries is proud to release Red, White & Black, a new mobile web app that allows users to employ their smart phones and other mobile devices to embark on a self-guided walking tour that highlights the rich history of African Americans at NC State (www.lib.ncsu.edu/m/exhibits/redwhiteblack).
From 1939 when Ellen McGuire, a former slave who retired from NC State after working for fifty years mostly in the infirmary, to 1957 when Robert Clemons became the first African American to graduate from the university (with a professional degree in electrical engineering), to 2010 when students were confronted with racial epithets painted in the Freedom Expression Tunnel, this walking tour allows users to explore, at their own pace, spaces on NC State’s campus that have had significant impact on the lives and experiences of African American students, employees, and the larger community.
This tour integrates extensive existing digital collections from the NCSU Libraries with student research and student readings to provide access to events, images, and stories that help to tell this important history. The location-aware web app allows students to connect with university history in the places in which they learn every day, further engaging them with the people, events, and environment that have shaped their campus. Owners of devices that do not support GPS or other location-detection methods can still manually navigate through the website to enjoy a historical tour of African American history and achievement at NC State.
Red, White & Black builds on the success of the April 2011 in-person guided walking tour. A collaboration of the NCSU Libraries, the Department of History, and the African American Cultural Center, the original walk began with a discussion, led by Dr. Blair Kelley of the Department of History, focusing on the long civil rights movement in higher education. The talk was followed by a walking tour of campus, led by Dr. Walter Jackson from the Department of History and by Ms. Toni Thorpe of the African American Cultural Center—and concluded at the African American Cultural Center where participants had an opportunity to reflect together on the university’s history. The first walk was so well received and attended that the NCSU Libraries wished to make it available on a wider and on-demand basis.
A similar in-person tour of the places on campus that have had significant impact on the lives and experiences of African American students and the community will be led by Dr. Jackson and Ms. Thorpe on November 7, 2011, beginning at 4:30 p.m. on the steps of the D. H. Hill Library. This program is free and open to the public.
According to Greg Raschke, associate director for collections and scholarly communication at the Libraries, “as the official repository for the university, the University Archives in the NCSU Libraries has mountains of incredibly interesting material about the past here at NC State. The Red, White & Black app contains history that everyone should know, and the mobile app gives us a great new way to extend the reach of our archives and give the university community and the people of North Carolina even more value from the history that we collect for them.”
Red, White & Black is the second mobile tour of the NC State campus developed by the NCSU Libraries. WolfWalk, released in 2010, provides a comprehensive self-guided historical walk through NC State’s campus and is available as iPhone and iPad apps as a free download from the App Store.
“The NCSU Libraries embraces the role of incubating new technologies for the university and for the library community around the world,” says Susan K. Nutter, vice provost and director of the NCSU Libraries. “Looking forward, we see mobile technologies playing a key role in the services we offer. WolfWalk and the new Red, White & Black app give us great experience that we’ll put to good use in the new James B. Hunt Jr. Library (www.lib.ncsu.edu/huntlibrary).”
Please join us for the Friends of the Library annual fall luncheon, Monday, October 31 from noon to 1:30 p.m. at the McKimmon Center.
Our featured speaker will be Dr. Michael Steer, the Lampe Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at NC State. Dr. Steer is the recipient of the US Army Commanders Award for Public Service for his work on electronic warfare applications that is credited with saving countless lives in Iraq and Afghanistan.
We will also be honoring the recipient of the twenty-third NCSU Libraries Faculty Award. This award, established in 1989, enables the library to recognize faculty contributions to the efforts of NCSU Libraries. This year’s winner is Dr. Douglas S. Reeves, Professor of Computer Science and Director of Graduate Programs for Computer Science.
Tickets are available:
$20.00 for Friends of the Library members and guests
$25.00 for general public
$10.00 for NC State students
To make your reservation or for more information, please call the Friends of the Library office at (919) 515-2841 or email email@example.com.
Langston Hughes and American Lynching Culture
Thursday, October 13 at 4:00 p.m.
Assembly Room, 2nd floor, East Wing, D. H. Hill Library
In celebration of National Arts and Humanities Month, associate professor Jason Miller presents a discussion on Langston Hughes and the relationship between America’s neglected history of lynching and some of the world’s most significant poems. In his recently published book, Langston Hughes and American Lynching Culture, Miller examines Hughes’ poems on lynching and explores their effects on survivors, victims and perpetrators. Miller will be joined by student Jazmine Davis, who will be performing “Strange Fruit,” a song about lynching made famous by Billie Holiday.
This program is free and open to the public. Langston Hughes and American Lynching Culture will be available for on-site purchase and signing. This program is presented in collaboration with the NC State GLBT Center.Langston Hughes photo credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Carl Van Vechten Collection, [LC-USZ62-92598]
Media Contact: David Hiscoe, NCSU Libraries, (919) 513-3425
The NCSU Libraries has launched a $10,000,000 initiative to ensure that the new James B. Hunt Jr. Library can become nothing less than the best learning and collaborative space in the country. Funds from the Everything you can imagine . . . and more initiative will be used to enhance its inspiring spaces, sustain the building’s excellence for the future, and supply the immersive technology that will make this signature building a competitive edge for the people of North Carolina and the students, faculty, and researchers at North Carolina State University.
Designed to be an iconic space that will say “this is NC State in the 21st century,” the Hunt Library will anchor the academic oval on Centennial Campus, bringing a heart and intellectual center to this rapidly growing research park and farsighted collaboration between the university and over sixty corporate, governmental, and institutional partners. The building’s bold design embodies a spirit of discovery and innovation that will be instrumental in creating the next several generations of technology-savvy citizens, researchers, and scholars.
The citizens of North Carolina, through funding from the North Carolina General Assembly, have enabled a magnificent building, but that building is being outfitted during an extremely demanding economic environment. Through its three funds, the Everything you can imagine . . . and more initiative will ensure that the new library can realize its vision of embodying NC State’s prowess in technology, engineering, textiles, and science and becoming a major factor in attracting and retaining the best faculty, students, and corporate partners:
- Space Enhancements for the Hunt Library
To ensure that every corner of the Hunt library can be a memorable, stunning place—environments where students and researchers are encouraged to breathe life into the aspirations of a great university.
- Technology Enhancements for the Hunt Library
To purchase the latest and most productive computing, learning, and collaboration tools that will allow students and faculty to put their talents to work, at almost any hour of any day, with the emerging large-scale display and gesture-based computing technologies that are now powering a new wave of sophistication in how we see data and create digital media.
- The Endowment for Library Learning Spaces
To allow the NCSU Libraries to continue to provide innovative spaces and tools well into the future as new game-changing technologies become available and as the Libraries envisions new types of spaces to support new learning opportunities.
The Everything you can imagine . . . and more initiative also makes available a range of naming opportunities for donors who want to honor a family member, place their company name in a high-profile space in this signature building, or ensure their legacy at NC State.
“I don’t know of another educational building in North Carolina that is in its league. It’s going to be an iconic building, not just for NC State but for the state of North Carolina—it makes a bold statement about the excellence of NC State University,” explains Wyndham Robertson, a long time supporter of the NCSU Libraries, former editor at Time and Fortune magazines, and early contributor to the Everything you can imagine . . . and more initiative. “And the naming opportunities for the Hunt Library spaces are just a really good value, a great opportunity to help define the face of the university in this century,” she adds.
“We’ve worked for decades to make this new library happen; the structure itself is paid for, and construction is moving toward completion. The building is bold and astounding, everything we hoped for,” says Susan K. Nutter, vice provost and director of the NCSU Libraries. “Now we need to fill it with the technologies and spaces that will make it come alive as both a symbol and enabler of NC State’s economic and intellectual achievements. There has never been a time in our history when we have more needed the edge that our donors can give us.”
Jordan was a state Senator from 1976 to 1984 and was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1985. President of his family-owned business Jordan Lumber Company, Jordan has served on the State Board of Education and Community College Board, as well as the UNC Board of Governors, and was chairman of the North Carolina Economic Development Board. Jordan Hall on NC State’s campus is named in honor of his family.
This program is free and open to the public. Copies of The Man from Mount Gilead will be available for onsite purchase and signing. Light refreshments will be served. For more information, contact 513-3481 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
We’ve been told that at least one reason the D. H. Hill Learning Commons is so crowded is because of the conversations that take place here every day. Sometimes about classes and work, sometimes about your tech toys, sometimes about politics or the job market, or just some stimulating gossip—most always something interesting. The conversations that happen when a group of bright people get together and talk.
So let’s share a bit of that conversation with the rest of the world—our virtual Learning Commons. The Libraries Facebook page pulls the most intellectually stimulating, quirky, interesting, Wolfpackish things we find out on the Web and puts them together for your stimulation (most picked by NC State students, btw). Like us; join the conversation; get five minutes of brain candy a day.
The NCSU Libraries is pleased to announce the appointment of M.J. Eleanor Brown as Head of the Special Collections Research Center, effective November 1, 2011. Brown will assume leadership of a special collections program that supports research, teaching, and learning with rich primary resources, comprising the archives of NC State, significant manuscript collections, and rare and unique books, photographs, architectural drawings, and digital resources.
Brown brings an outstanding and diverse background in special collections, along with a strong commitment to expanding access to primary resources in the curriculum. She is currently the Assistant Director for Programs and Services in the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, as well as Curator of Digital and Media Collections at Cornell University Library. In these roles, she oversees archival processing, access to and preservation of electronic and born digital records, public services, and permission services. She manages and coordinates grant proposals, and has served as coordinator/curator for exhibitions, including “Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity: A Centennial Celebration,” and “Get Out the Vote: Presidential Elections.” She has been working extensively to facilitate access to the Rose Goldsen Archive of New Media Art, a groundbreaking collection emphasizing digital interfaces and artistic experimentation. She served as a member of the Data Executive Committee and co-authored the report, Digital Research Data Curation: Overview of Issues, Current Activities and Opportunities for Cornell University Library.
At Cornell, Brown previously served as Head of Program and Project Management, and as Technical and Digital Services Archivist. Earlier, she held a series of positions at the National Archives of Canada including Photo Archivist, Project Officer, and Project Coordinator for the Canadian Memory Digital Access Projects. Her professional activities include service on three Research Library Group (RLG) working groups and presentations at various conferences including “The Life Cycle of Archival Information,” at the Digital Library Federation Fall Forum, and “Web Design for Digital Collections,” at the Mid-Atlantic Region Archives Conference. She has published several articles in The Archivist – Magazine of the National Archives of Canada, including “The World’s First Daguerreotype Images- Canadian Travel Photographer, Pierre Gustave Gaspard Joly de Lotbinère,” and “Roloff Beny: The Pleasure of Photography.” Brown is the recipient of the Government of Canada Individual Merit Award (1999). She holds the Master of Arts from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
The library’s Conservatory and light sculpture will shine out over the Brickyard and surrounding green areas and light up the Libraries’ most beautiful spot to celebrate Dr. Fred Gould’s recent election to one of the world’s most important and prestigious scientific societies. Dr. Gould, William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor of Entomology at NC State, is now the ninth current NC State faculty member to be elected Academy, an honor that brings distinction to the University.
“The NCSU Libraries is a great center of learning and scholarship on campus, both for our students and our faculty,” says Susan K. Nutter, vice provost and director of libraries. “We thought that lighting up D. H. Hill’s most beautiful spot would show just how much we admire the great light that Dr. Gould’s work has shone on NC State. It’s our way of celebrating his success and thanking him and all those who have worked with him for the distinguished recognition they have brought to the University, a recognition that reflects well on us all.”
The National Academy of Sciences is an honorific society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Academy membership is composed of approximately 2,100 members and 420 foreign associates.